The Vassar College Digital Library contains many features for search, display, and download that are useful to researchers.
- For more information and a comprehensive explanation about many features on this site, visit Using the VC Digital Library (LibGuide)
Boolean operators - using AND, OR, and NOT to refine your search
The operator AND narrows your search by instructing the search engine to search only for records containing all the terms in your search. In basic searching, you do not have to type in the word AND; by default all terms entered into the search box become Boolean AND searches. However, you can adjust your search by doing an OR search (broadens the search to include records containing any or all of the terms) or a NOT search (narrows your search by excluding unwanted terms). You do not have to enter the Boolean operators in capitals. To search for an exact phrase put quotation marks around your search terms.
In advanced searching, the Boolean operators are available for your use in the drop-down menus.
Perform an advanced search search by selecting "Search" on the left-hand menu on every page. You can combine fields as well as search in either German or English.
To search in a given field, select the relevant item in the drop-down menu. You can combine fields in your query.
Search Results Tips
- If a date is "n.d." it will not sort, but will be placed last in the search results.
- Full text searching is available for all items with transcripts.
When you have found the items you wish to read, use the TEXT button at the top of the reader to display a transcribed (when available) version of the materials.
You can also click "Details" to view more information about the item, including description, copyright status, and other metadata. Choose "Pages" to list all pages in the item.
All items in Vassar's Digital Library contain permanent, "bookmarkable" URLs that you can use to cite your sources.