[postmarked 10 Apr 1923, to Hotel Traymore] Dear Mother: After all the visit invitations I have received from Margaret Wasserman, her note to Pete, etc., I wrote her a note the other day telling her I was coming down to hear the debate, and staying at Bryn Mawr (as I then thought), and asked her if she couldn't meet me for a while Sunday morning before I come back, since I didn't want to be in Philliw without letting her know and since we had tried so repeatedly to meet at games,... Show more[postmarked 10 Apr 1923, to Hotel Traymore] Dear Mother: After all the visit invitations I have received from Margaret Wasserman, her note to Pete, etc., I wrote her a note the other day telling her I was coming down to hear the debate, and staying at Bryn Mawr (as I then thought), and asked her if she couldn't meet me for a while Sunday morning before I come back, since I didn't want to be in Philliw without letting her know and since we had tried so repeatedly to meet at games, etc. Yesterday I received a super-cordial letter from her mother telling me that since Margaret was out of town for a few days and since she saw from the envelope that it was from Vassar, she opened it, and was answering to save time. It urged me to spend all day Sunday there, and Sunday night if possible, and said that if Margaret were home she would probably want to give up her Saturday night engagement, but that she didn't think she ought to. However, wouldn't I stay there anyhow, as she and Mr. W. and Catherine would be home. If it meets with your approval, as it does Lester's absolutely, I think I would like to accept the dinner invitation, and leave Sunday afternoon. That would be just spending part of the morning there, and dinner. I'd like to show M. that I don't make a mountain out of a molehill, also that I am not a poor sport. As I said, I'd like to doit if you don't disapprove. Please let me know immediately, I'll await a wire from you before answering the letter. After all this, I decided to send you her letter. Please return it. Also let me know immediately. Love, Fannie After her demonstration of "remorse" at Princeton in November, I'd feel much better if were "nice" and went there Sunday. Show less
[postmarked 26 Feb 1923] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: The debate squads are announced. 37 people tried out, not including myself. Debate has come up in the world! I tried ouot so successfully, [in the ??firm] that I am on both the league team and the team for the Penn and Williams debate. I am the only one who is on both. The league debate is on gov't ownership and control of the Coal Mines. I haven't read a word yet and am up for fractice for tomorrow afternoon. We are only... Show more[postmarked 26 Feb 1923] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: The debate squads are announced. 37 people tried out, not including myself. Debate has come up in the world! I tried ouot so successfully, [in the ??firm] that I am on both the league team and the team for the Penn and Williams debate. I am the only one who is on both. The league debate is on gov't ownership and control of the Coal Mines. I haven't read a word yet and am up for fractice for tomorrow afternoon. We are only going to have six practices, thank goodness. Not having read a word I know which side I want--negative, because it goes to Smith. I want to go away. Wellesley comes here. The Penn and Williams debates, in April, are on prohibition. From now on, particularly till Friday, my letters will be brief, as I must do some debate reading and also must do a lot of Ec Sem before Friday when i report. I spent the entire day writing my drama makeup paper. That is a terrible course to get behind in. I just finished it--seven hours. Father, I asked the girl about your endow-ment fund check. She received it all right, but said they are very slow about depositing them in the New York office, where all ours are sent.If anyone has any dope on the coal mines, kindly speak up, from now until March 17. I made out this schedule to send to you before I went to the Infirm. I also made out one for myself to live on from tomorrow till Friday. It is the only effecient way of getting my work done. The pneumonia girl is getting better, Mother. I felt quite pepless this morning, but felt fine this afternoon, and didn't have to take a nap at all. I am going to bed at nine tonight. I also went for a short walk, and it didn't tire me as much as yesterday. My cold is practically gone. I forgot to mention that six of the debaters are seniors. Last year one was! You know [what subject] you will hear from now on, so you might just as well make the best of it! I will need a white sweater for the debate. I wrote to Marse to ask him if he will be in N. Y. at his factory in the near future. If not, could you see if they have any nice ones when you are in Horne's or McCreery's, Mother,wherever you get yours? I'd like a tuxedo that buttons down the front, and nice soft wool if possible. Otherwise, i slipover, if that can't be gotten. It must be all white. Don't go specially, and ask [???] fist if he can get it, or is going to. And if it's any trouble at all I can go to an exhibit and order one, probably. I borrowed Jane's last year, but I prefer not to borrow. [RSVP]Did you read the [demo] article in the Mag section of the Times on VC? Show less
[postmarked 2 May 1923?] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I guess the lady from Simmonds is coming for Third Hall, Pete. I shall see to it that I meet her. Wish you could see the gala event, too, although as far as the play goes, you will see it repated[sic] at Commencement. Paid a deposit yesterday on the house, so it is yours for sure. Amawaiting your answer, Mother, about keeping one room or two for Lucy at Mullaly's before cancelling them. Plase find out immediately if you have not... Show more[postmarked 2 May 1923?] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I guess the lady from Simmonds is coming for Third Hall, Pete. I shall see to it that I meet her. Wish you could see the gala event, too, although as far as the play goes, you will see it repated[sic] at Commencement. Paid a deposit yesterday on the house, so it is yours for sure. Amawaiting your answer, Mother, about keeping one room or two for Lucy at Mullaly's before cancelling them. Plase find out immediately if you have not already done so. The class day dress is very nice, Mother. Am hoping to competely[sic] finish my history topic this afternoon. it is vast, if nothing else. Millsy said yesterday our Seminar topics don't have to be in till exams start. That is quite a relief. In all other courses long topics have to be in a week before the last meeting of the course. This leniency on his part will help a lot, and I won't be rushed to distraction. In fact, I could finish it after my exams if I wanted to, but I wanted to have that week to play. Love, Fannie Show less
[postmarked 26 May 1922] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: Do you want to leave Thursday morning or afternoon? R. S. VP. right away so that I can tell Helen. She does not finish her last exam until 12:50, so if we go in the aft, she can go with us, otherwise she can't. I just happened to come across the clipping you sent about Miss Yost today--I had read the wrong side of the paper. This is her first year as Dean of Stanford--she is V. C. '05. I mean Dean of Women. She was taught... Show more[postmarked 26 May 1922] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: Do you want to leave Thursday morning or afternoon? R. S. VP. right away so that I can tell Helen. She does not finish her last exam until 12:50, so if we go in the aft, she can go with us, otherwise she can't. I just happened to come across the clipping you sent about Miss Yost today--I had read the wrong side of the paper. This is her first year as Dean of Stanford--she is V. C. '05. I mean Dean of Women. She was taught Freshman English, narrative writing, and arguemtnation[sic]. She thought I "had a lot of dope on myself" and quite approved of me--otherwise I couldn't hand her a terrible lot! In that, she showed good sense, however. I went to bed at four-thirty yesterday afternoon in a vain attempt to shake off being sleepy, but as yet feel just as sleepy. I think it is a disease of some sort! I am still buried in "The Ring and the Book". As soon as I finish that, I shall start studying for exams. I have a terrific am't to do for the two Friday Biology ones, and French Rev on Saturday, but very little for J on Monday and Social Psych on Tuesday. That is real luck!This marks the last of Peru, Indiana, with Davison address. I feel more "Seniorish than ever. I forgot to tell you yesterday that the night before Mrs. MacCracked join Peggy Higgins and me and told us that Maizrie was following our example, and had just particpated in her first debate, "Resolved that it is More Profitable to Live in the Country than in the City". Whereupon her grandmother said that she had won the debate, and felt infinitely more important than any of us did in our most glorious moments of victory! She is thirteen and in her first year of high school. I had a letter from Louise the other day Mother. She said she had seen you and you "did look so well". The letter was the heighth[sic] of illiteracy, otherwise very enjoyable. Love, Fannie[eve w/ pm 26 May 1922] Dear Mother: Helen and I got our heads together for an hour and a half yesterday afternoon and decided that we wanted to give a Vassar Endowment Fund dance at the country club the end of June. Now don't laught[sic] but listen to our plan. In the first place, Dot Krolick's older V. C. sister, Rutn Franklin, and another Vassar girl gave one at their club in Detroit Christmas vacation, charged five dollars a couple, and make four hundred and fifty dollars--and they paid for the club and music and everybody has, is doing, or will do something at home efore next fall in the way of earning something because nothing has ever been done like that at home among the elites Jews, at least for ages, and so some people would buy tickets even if they wouldn't come. We don't know officially, but we though we could get the country club and music and what food we would have to buy for $100, and programs--V. C. ones. Then we thought we could charge $5 a couple, and all our pleasure seeking youth at home would come--it wouldn't cost them any more than coming out there for a Saturday night dinner-dance--less, in fact. And then we thought a good many people of "your age" would buy a ticket out of the kindness of their hearts--like a "church benefit", you know! We could work like the dickens ourselves and make sandwiches--and perhaps some kind sould like--well, maybe you, Mrs. Hertz, Mrs. Kaufmann, Cousin Rachel, and a few others, would give us a cake or two. And Mr. Fishel might even give some ice-cream. Then after that, we wouldn't beg any more. We would not have any waiters--we would serve ourselves and get Lucy, Helen J.Class Insecta Order [Orthoptop] Locustetc., and some yo nger kids--fifteen and sixteen year olds who yould feel highly flattered and important, to help us serve. And we would give it a lot of publicity, and be very nice asking people to buy tickets, and we thought we could make somewhere between $200 and #300 above our expenses. We would do a lot of cheap rose and gray decorations and try to make it as Vassar-y as possible. We thought we could seel at tickets to seventy-five couples--counting the kids just younger than us, and kind grown-ups who wouldn't turn you down for five dollars. We think people would want to encourage our good intention, etc. and for the sake of the novelty of it buy tickets, and "think it just grand what college does for girls nowadays, and we do wish we could have had such a privilege, too". It will all depend, or course, upon what happens to me with the M.D.s, but I hardly think anything would interfere so late in June, or very early in July. What do you think of the idea? Throw cold water on it, if you think it is really impossible, but we think it is very hopeful. At any rate, or one thing we are certain--and that is that we are going to earn something somehow this summer for the Fund--and the more we make the merrier. We concluded by saying--that we certainly couldn't lose any money, and so no harm would be done.! P. S. do you think the club might let us have the dining-room floor "cheap" for the cause? I doubt it myself. R. S. V. P. immediately. We have the spirit!!!!!!!!!!!For Mother Planaria Showing alimentary canal anterior end eye spots posterior end redraw [showing] width in [drawing] of alimentary canal < > For Mother Show less
Although Bertha Keffer’s diary was printed with the date 1854, she wrote in it during the months of January-June 1871. Keffer generally describes her day-to-day life at Vassar, focusing heavily on her time in the College Chapel. She speaks briefly, and sporadically, about her father (John C. Keffer) and his role working for the U.S. government. Most of her entries focus on her friendships with fellow Vassar students May, Etta, and Alice. Keffer also discusses President John H. Raymond and... Show moreAlthough Bertha Keffer’s diary was printed with the date 1854, she wrote in it during the months of January-June 1871. Keffer generally describes her day-to-day life at Vassar, focusing heavily on her time in the College Chapel. She speaks briefly, and sporadically, about her father (John C. Keffer) and his role working for the U.S. government. Most of her entries focus on her friendships with fellow Vassar students May, Etta, and Alice. Keffer also discusses President John H. Raymond and his lectures, as well as discussion of the death of college principal Hannah W. Lyman. Show less
Clayton's Octavo Diary 1854.WM. M. CHRISTY, STATIONER, PRINTER, AND Account Book Mannfacturer [sic], No.65 South Third St. OPPOSITE GIRARD BANK, PHILADELPHIA Printing, ruling & binding neatly executed. Stt $1.50 Harriet J. Keffer This diary was kept by Bertha Keffer '76 during her Preparatory and collegiate years at Vassar. It was presented to the College Library in 1942, by her sister, Mary Keffer, and at the request of her namesake, Bertha Keffer, V.C. '11, Mrs. [Raymond... Show moreClayton's Octavo Diary 1854.WM. M. CHRISTY, STATIONER, PRINTER, AND Account Book Mannfacturer [sic], No.65 South Third St. OPPOSITE GIRARD BANK, PHILADELPHIA Printing, ruling & binding neatly executed. Stt $1.50 Harriet J. Keffer This diary was kept by Bertha Keffer '76 during her Preparatory and collegiate years at Vassar. It was presented to the College Library in 1942, by her sister, Mary Keffer, and at the request of her namesake, Bertha Keffer, V.C. '11, Mrs. [Raymond U]. … . The name HARRIET J. KEFFER inscribed at the top was the name of Bertha Keffer, '76's motherFriday, January 13th, 1854 David M Caudless 146 North Avenue Alleghany. PA. SATURDAY, January 14th, 1854.Sunday, January 15th, 1854. This year bought a little diary never thinking that this was around to the right day of the week again. But last Friday I came across this and resolved to keep this for longer entries than my little one. Thursday Etta and I went to see Miss Morse about one hundred and twelve. B - We want to change our room. Etta - We thought we would like to room together on the fifth floor. M - There is no room vacant there. E & B - Yes, 192 is. M - (slowly) yes - if you want to go there - without any bed - and sleep on the floor you can. To. E. Why do you wish to change your room? E - My room mate is not very agreeable. M. To B. Is anything of that sort the matter with you? B. Oh no my room mate and parlor mates are very nice and MONDAY, January 16th, 1854. I like them ever so much but we thought we would like to room together. M - would you like to go to the first floor for the sake of rooming together. E - (not liking that a bit but not liking to back out now) yes mamm. M - Well I will see what I can do for you. (To B) you may go. M kept E and told her how much good she might do her roommate by staying put and behaving like a christian, told her to try it on ... a month longer. As soon as we had definitely arranged to go to M - I was sorry but could not very well back out then. Guess that now I'll stay [fixed[ and not trouble her anymore. Thursday I received Papa's Rio letter and it made me feel more homesick than I have since I came here. Poor PapaTUESDAY, January 17th, 1854 President Raymond gave quite a lecture this evening on loyalty - a word he thought we did not know the meaning of. I guess something disloyal in his sense of the word came up in Faculty meeting yesterday. We always have something new after the big folks talk us over. Ella felt badly last night because I did not speak to her when she called after me on the stairs. In fact I was a littled vexed about the manner in which she spoke of L.L. and was afraid of showing it. I had to go and confront her which I did by saying I thought she was a goose to behave as when she knew I liked her better than anyone here. Though I did not say I could do that and not care awfully much for her. I am not in love to distraction with anyone in Vassar.WEDNESDAY, January 18th, 1854. Have had a touch of the blues to day and either I have been cross or every one else has, perhaps both. It was a [hicky] thing I told Ella about the apple roll ring on the floor for now we all have something to say about it even Rob. Heard today of Miss Pa.-n's slapping a girl over the fingers for not playing rightly and now despise her more than ever. Practiced an hour this morning. [L. S-rs] told me she thought (and Miss S-ll said so too at the same time) I was the smartest in the Latin class and then I told her the same and we soft-soaped one another quite awhile on the plan of "you scratch my back and I'll tickle your elbow." Miss [Simleys] head was all right today and we got along splendidly this afternoon. The Pres. told of Roger Sherman slapping his babdy being slapped by his mother and then kissing her hand and leading her to a [scaf.] …[Printed] THURSDAY, January 19th, 1854. Got caught last night. Etta came to sleep with me and when we were undressing some one rapped on the door and I roared come in, thinking it Lottie but it was Miss Hamlin who wanted to know if we were not aware we ought to go to Miss Lyman for permission to sleep out and said she was sorry to disappoint us but Etta must not stay. Etta said "yes mamm."-- and went. We are not going to study in May's room anymore between eight and nine and be good generally. Miss Lyman requested through the Pres. this evening that we try being quiet in the corridors in our talk till Monday and see how we like the change.[Printed] FRIDAY, January 20th, 1854[Printed] SATURDAY, January 21st, 1854 Took the old lady out to skate this afternoon to have some fun out of her. Feel considerably lame in consequence. It was a bad motive to take her out from but she enjoyed it as much as if I took her on purpose for her pleasure and my bad motive hurt no one but myself. Just this moment I happened to think may be it made my darlings feel bad to see me do such a thing so I'll try and be better in fu ture. When I think of them it makes me want to go right off but then I don't think I could bear to leave Papa all alone. I wish Prof. Backus would officiate in Chap- el every evening. He quiets and rests me so, and makes me want to do better much more than the President does. SUNDAY, January 22nd, 1854 MONDAY, January 23d, 1854. Had a gay time to-night at supper over the Professor's baby. Laughed till we were tired. Thought it a good way to shake the supper down. Some thing was the matter with the three waiters and they had to go out to laugh. It is curious to see them when they are feel- ing funny and Solomon looks at them. I am glad it is not against the rule for preps to laugh. TUESDAY, January 24th, 1854. Had a short speech to night a- bout the day of prayer for colleges. Can always tell if we are going to have a speech the night after faculty meeting by looking to see if Prof. Backus is in Chapel. He is always on hand if there is a speech. Poor May is sick again. It seems as if something was troubling her more than any of us guess for it can't be all physical debility which cause these nervous attacks which she tries so hard to conceal I am anxious too about Alice C's. cough What if she should go before I see her! Coming along the hall to-night and noticing how one by one my friends dropped into their rooms and left me to finish the journey a- lone I wondered if that were typical of my life, if all my friends would go home first leaving me behind till the last one. WEDNESDAY, January 25th, 1854. THURSDAY, January 26th, 1854. Continued from next page from Alice last Wed nesday which I answered yesterday. It was three weeks on the way I suppose it was snowed up. She sent me a very pretty work bag for a present Our prospects look very dark just now. Papa stand[sic] in Mobile a week waiting to see Judge Bersteed about his bond and did not and men are in Washington trying to have him re moved and Col Edwards appointed for no other reason than jealousy. I hope we will get out of this fix soon some wayFRIDAY, January 27th, 1854 Mon[FRIDAY and 54 are crossed out]68 It has been just as I expected it would. I have not written a word in my Diary since Papa was in jail and am only writing now by accident Papa got out of jail all well and won his case and did not have to pay a cent Old Mother Salisbery had to pay it all herself. I only wish it had been twice as much. Received a letter from Herbert to-day but am not going to answer it till the 23 or 30 of March to pay him off for waiting so long before he wrote to me. even if I wait till then it will not be so long as he wait ed before answering my letter. I also got a letter SATURDAY, January 28th, 1854. Last night we had a short speech from Mrs. Prine, the woman who is going to Japan I was sadly disappointed for I thought she had been there and was going to tell us what it was like but instead she was just going and wanted some one to go with her. Went out rid ing this evening. The sleigh had about ten too many in it and we were abominably crowded. The two Misses Lord and Miss Preston tried to be funny but I don't think that is their forte exactly Lottie Rossiter wrote to Sam Walker to telegraph for Lottie to come home which he did so she went at three o'clock today. May she get well recovered before she comes back again! L.R went riding last night. SUNDAY, January 29th, 1854. Deacon Smith preached to day. He said his sermon was on one verse of the book of Esther but I think it was on the whole book He told us the story of Esther and then drew three lessons from it, the first showing where woman's influence was the next how great its extent and the last its power. He is a better preacher than the Pres. There were some lovely flowers in Chapel which afterwards were given Miss Lyman be- cause it was her birthday I wish it had been mine MONDAY, January 30th, 1854. TUESDAY, January 31st, 1854. 3 WEDNESDAY, February 1st, 1854 Tomorrow is a great day to a great many girls. Would it were to me! But I have everything put off till the last as an example I suppose of my everlasting sin of procrastination--the buster of success.--Five years ago seems a short time comparatively yet how many and how great changes have taken place since five years ago to-night when Papa Auntie Glenn and I sat all night by my darling Mother All the time since then seems like a dream only there has been more trouble in this time than people usually have in dreams. And from all poor naughty I have been chosen to be benefitted Surely there is some use for me for which I am being thus prepar ed.. May I find it out before an- other long five years wears away. THURSDAY, February 2nd, 1854. to write to, it did not seem at all pleasant. Whenever I suc ceed in anything I want to have some one who cares for me to go to and tell and who will make me feel glad over it. I never feel so homesick as when I get bad news from home and next to that time is when I have good news and want to tell it to the home folks. Had a little scrawl from Harry to day. Hope for a long write from Papa to morrow. I wish it were the June examination instead of February. I wish the Faculty had to be examined before a lot of people twice a year when we are. They would soon do away with all such botherations if they came home to themselves. FRIDAY, February 3d, 1854. Thus endeth the two days of tor- ture. I agree with Mr. Jewett in say ing "Pity the sorrows of a poor young woman." Yesterday was a blue day in my calendar and to-day I have had the meanest of colds in my head. Miss Lyman's corridor is covered all over with matting and her sister is here so I sup pose she is worse. Poor old Lady! Prof. Backus was the leader in Chap el to night Before supper if I had not been afraid of making my eyes red I would have had a good cry I felt so tired and homesick but since listening to Prof. B. and getting May's invite I feel better How people with only themselves to please and tend to get along I dont[sic] see for even because I had no one here to sympathize with me in my success, though there are good ... SATURDAY, February 4th, 1854 Have been feeling something like crossness because no let ter came from home to-day only a mean little scrawl from Harry. I should not say that for I was glad to get it if only for a proof that when he had a spare min- ute he did not forget me. Asked Miss Morse if I could go to church with Miss Brown and she was good as pie as she generally is to me. SUNDAY, February 5th, 1854. Heard a good New Church sermon but it was not by Mr. Giles but by Mr. Keyes I found that I had been mistaken in thinking that it was he I heard in Septem ber. Prof. Farrar is the kindest man around this institution On the way to church he stopped his sleigh and took in the Misses Hogg and Miss Fulick and I heard af- terwards that he regretted very much he had not thought to get on top with the driver and take Miss Brown and me in too. Next year I mean to be in his Bible class if it is a possible thing. I'll see what my friends can do for me by writing. MONDAY, February 6th, 1854. Could not have been suit ed better in regard to my recitations. Have Latin of Miss Smiley the first and fifth periods; French of Miss Kapp the second, Rhetoric of Miss Clark the third. I feel sure of learning more French with Miss Kapp than with Miss Simmonds We had no lessons to recite to day and consequently I spent the day principally in fooling, though I did make a cover for my trunk and sew a little on my blue shirt. I wish I could learn to improve the ex tra time we have thrown in so as it should be improved! May be I can if I try. TUESDAY, February 7th, 1854. WEDNESDAY, February 8th, 1854. We had Prof. Backus in Chapel this evening. He read the thirteenth chapter of Cor inthians which is all a bout Charity and made a prayer at the end which [long dash] THURSDAY, February 9th, 1854. Was stopped somewhat sud- denly last night by the close of Silent time and forget now what I was going to say but I think Prof. B. is a good deal of a New Churchman Am tired enough to go to bed but instead must go at old Caesar. We had a new fandan go in gym this afternoon was rather strainsome. Etta returned this afternoon. Was sick the reason she did not come before. Alice was in bed all day yesterday with head ache. Better have that than heart ache. May wrote to Pres. R. to be put in Miss Kapps French so that she might learn a little more this term than last. FRIDAY, February 10th, 1854 Lecture by the Bishop was good except in one partic- ular and that was, (according to my idea,) that he made his sentences entirely too long so that one had to pay the closest attention in order to keep the thread of his discourse. And as it is tiresome to have to listen so closely he had better shorten his sentences. Saw in the paper yesterday that a diary to be of any use ought to be truthful and that one ought never to leave it unwritten for several days and then fill them all in at once without noting the fact, therefore I acknowl edge this to be written on Saturday instead of Friday. Now my conscience is clear SATURDAY, February 11th, 1854 Principal events of to-day were the meetings of the Students Association. It a bolished the Transcript be- cause the Faculty would not let them publish it quarterly instead of yearly and in- tended to send a notice to their Exchanges of the fact in a printed circular and it resolved that each student should send a notice to her corridor teach er of what she particularly a- bominated in our fare. At noon another meeting was called and they decided to send a written note instead of a circular to their exchanges and voted against that way of altering our eatables and decided on masterly inaction for the present SUNDAY, February 12th, 1854. Had a splendid sermon from Bishop Huntington. in the evening Mrs Bixby told us about the Birmese [sic]. They say that when they die "they die and go to smoke." Their god is called godimis. The wo- men's highest idea of happi- ness after death is to become a man. The men's is to go on higher till they get to have no sensation at all of any kind. They believe in the transmigration of souls and fear if they lead bad lives they may become some animal. Fried silkworms is their fa vorite dish. The women wear earrings as large round as [drawn circle] Some are hollow so as to con- tain their jewels. They got their religion from the Hindoos MONDAY, February 13th, 1854. coming out of the chapel we went allright but when we got outside we stopped. Have not found out yet who my mice came from not can I imagine who is so terribly smashed on me. Reported that Mr Lyman is smashed on Miss Sewall, [Latin phrase]. Gave her a flower today from Dr. A's. bouquet and she smiled sweetly. I wonder if they guess how much we watch what goes on at the Faculty table. I notice that poor Dr Blackford is having a hard time again in Greensboro May he live to get through it all correct is the sin- cere wish of ... TUESDAY, February 14th, 1854. Five years ago, the present time, I was rather a seasick girl. I believe it was just a little after I had left the sup- per table so abruptly. How well I can remember all about those times although I did not keep a diary. We had a speech to night about our "general movements," to the dining room, out of it and out of chapel. The Pres. told a story of the horses for the New York ferry boats when he was a boy--how they went right fast as long as they were within reach of the man's whip but went slowly as soon as they got out--and said we were like those horses, as long as we were in his sight WEDNESDAY, February 15th, 1854. Have nothing particular to say here so guess I'll not try to make up anything but will read "Messenger". Have made up my mind to write to the boys for the promise I want on Johns birthday. May Our Father inspire my pen in that letter! If they could only see what I have I know they would promise me THURSDAY, February 16th, 1854. Horrid ugly blue day. FRIDAY, February 17th, 1854. Decided not to write the letter I meant to John and Harry and wait till I see them as until then they will be exposed to no temp tation. Meditated all Silent Time on what I would probably have to do after leaving school and came to the conclusion that I must have some definite aim in view and fit myself for it and not keep going on in this blind aimless way. Made up my mind that it was not a sufficient to aim merely to obey the Golden Rule and try to be an accomplished, well educated woman to please my Father and friends but that I must have something definite in view. SATURDAY, February 18th, 1954. Etta, Alice and I went all over and saw all the girls about Mays birthday. All seemed pleased with the idea. Guess we will have a fine time. Myra saw Pussy. It has rained so that we could not have our sleigh ride and I, for one, am glad of it for I knew all the time it was too much of an extravagance for me. The others are sorry and will try it again but I guess I'll have courage and sense enough to keep out of it next time. They came at me so suddenly last time that I hardly knew what I was about. I am afraid that when folks come at me so they could make me do almost anything. SUNDAY, February 19th, 1854. Feel pretty miserable all day today. Mean in a little while to get undress- ed and lie in bed and read till I go to sleep. I suppose Miss Hamlin thinks I am dreadful wicked to stay away from pray- er meeting but I get enough false theology during the daytime. [flourish with pen] it for a real love of them and not because she had to, etc. etc. but he could not force her love. She will keep her promise. That is why she did not want to make one. MONDAY, February 20th, 1854. Took a lone walk to-day a round the lake. Going the mud was almost ankle deep; coming the snow was knee deep. But it was fun except when I most fell down. The men have a big place cleared out at the end of the lake, I guess it will be gay rowing next year. Jen was sent for by Miss M. again who said she would waive the telling of the rooms she was in study hour but she must promise to keep the rules. V. B. would not promise. The President sent for her a little after and said if she did not promise she should be expelled. So the poor child had to do it And then he said how he wished she would do TUESDAY, February 21st, 1854. Miss Lyman died to-day at four o'clock. She peacefully slept away. I first heard of it at the gymnasium. It was curious to see how the girls received the news; some looked as jolly as they heard it as they had a moment before, some looked grave, and a very few cried. At supper the room was as still as chapel almost; no one spoke above a whisper and the creaking of the waiters shoes was plainly heard. The President made some very fitting remarks in Chapel. He said we must not feel sad. Miss Lyman wish ed us to rejoice that she was gone. Her prayer for days had been, not that she might stay but that she might be made willing to stay. Dr. Avery seems to feel worse than any one else. WEDNESDAY, February 22nd, 1854. We had funeral services to-day in the Chapel. There were a great many strangers here from town All the gallery was filled and down stairs packed. Nearly all the girls had on black entirely and it made it look very mel ancholy. (How funny that looks) There was a meeting of the S. A. in the morning at which it was determined to send to town for flowers. The Fresh. a wreath the Soph. a cross, the Jun. an anchor, the Sen, a crown, the Spec. and Preps cut flowers. The anchor and crown which could not be got in Po'keepsie are to be obtained in Montreal. At another meeting it was decided that we all wear crape [sic] for thirty days. after the services there was a procession of twenty three carriages of teachers who went to the train and visitors. THURSDAY, February 23d, 1854. Day of Prayer for Colleges. Had Chapel services at 11:15, prayer meet ing in the afternoon and eve- ning. I went only to the first Heard a good sermon by Rev. ... Hall of New York, a Presbyterian. He is an Irishman and has on- ly been in this country three years. Preached entirely without notes. Began a frame for May which was spoiled in the making. About every evening I think of going to Dr. Avery and saying I want some med icine but before her office hour the next day feel so much better I put it off hoping to get well of myself. I have a great admiration for Dr. A. and if I had anything serious troubling me would go to her. FRIDAY, February 24th, 1854. Mira went to Pussy to-day. Pussy said she-a-thought that-a-fruit cake was-a- not necessary, nor-a-candy or-a-raisins, a...chickens-a could we strike some of those off. As we could not help ourselves we struck of [sic] the cake and raisins and candy. She is afraid we will spend too much money and-a-Vassar College has a name-a-to be sustained and -a-she wishes we would try and not feell [sic] her objections as restrictions at all but try and feel cheerful over it. It is queer how she can imagine in what other way we could take them. It is a pity Vassar is in such need of a character for solidity that we can't have a spree once a year. SATURDAY, February 25th, 1854. The lecture yesterday evening was glorious and I too al most forgot the speakers hair. in admiring his talk. Sir Philip was very good accord- ing to Mr Curtis representations When May was got up stairs un der pretence [sic] of seeing a fine view in 112, just as soon as she was fairly in Mira toast ed her and they all drank her many happy returns. Poor girl she was overwhelmed and I thought she would fall to the floor but luckily there was a chair near by for her to hold fast to till she recovered. On the whole it was a success and all seemed to enjoy themselves I think the absence of chairs helped off the stiffness. When I have a party it would be well to tote off all the chairs SUNDAY, February 26th, 1854. Last night after I got to bed I suddenly thought of the bas ket of remains and hopped out and set it on top of the two pitchers, the basins being filled with water, so as to keep the mice off. Had lots to write home about to-day. I wish every week would have as many e- vents. I hear them all go- ing to prayer meeting but ain't going. The great sub- ject of conversation is Miss Slocum who has been put back from the Senior Class. I pity her but am not yet sure whether herself or the Faculty is most to blame. Whichever it is she will have a hard time for the rest of this term. Lottie is in Poughkeepsie visiting MONDAY, February 27th, 1854. Miss Smiley slid neatly over the 21st chapter that we were dreading so when Prof. H. came in by telling us to turn directly to the advance in the 22nd Was a good girl today, copied up my French and practised besides Elocution. Today we had a whispering exercise beside the breathing and sounds of A. Little H... made Little Hinkle laugh in Latin by saying one of her happy thoughts. I distinguished myself in a very uncom- fortable manner in the class, but did better than my associates. It was an abominably hard lesson any way. TUESDAY, February 28th, 1854. For the last of Feb. I have nothing to say besides my little book record except that I have begun to read Philip the Second. I think of begin ning a tidy for Mamma and making her some of the deep tattaing [?] that Abbie White made a pattern of. WEDNESDAY,March 1st, 1854. The report of Miss Lovell of what the Faculty think of Foun- ders day programme was made in S. A. this eve. They propose that we go to Sunnyside and spend the day. After some talk the Stu. did not agree to go. Then Miss Jewett proposed that we have the ordinary collation. Miss Fulsom opposed the plan. After a good deal of discussion and two votes had been taken Miss Jewett lost by fourteen. A pretty close vote for so many. The subject of college colors was settled and we are to send for the number of yards we want (of ribbon) before Satur- day. There was more discus- sion the meeting than in any before. Some said, in effect, that the only objection to the collation was Miss L. and now she was dead there could be none. THURSDAY, March 2nd, 1854. "As the communicants meeting is on Saturday evening the us- ual prayer meeting this evening will be omitted" was this evenings notice. Rather a sing ular reason for putting off a prayer meeting. I wonder if only communicants go to it! Heard from Clara Critken to- day, and was told for the third or fourth time of -- I won't write such an illnatured sound- ing thing even in my di- ary. I wonder if I should ever rise to be a celebrated crackter [sic] if my diary will be published with my life and letters. It would be so exceedingly interesting to the public. I am really afraid to put down my thoughts for fear they will be published N.B. That sentence is like "Credo" in "Rick" FRIDAY, March 3d [sic], 1854. SATURDAY, March 4th, 1854. Miss Monks and Miss Nich ols were the essayists of the evening. The latter's essay was a plea for Charles Dick ens and was first rate. She is a smart girl and thinks correctly of Charles --according to my idea. May is coming to sleep with me tonight. Miss Ham lin had been in Po'keepsie since yesterday noon. Exchanged the old cracked plate Com edy gave me, for Smith, for a decent looking one that he will probably ac cept even if it is not the identical one he sent up here. The girls in Vas- sar are the poorest set I ever came across for change or big bills either I guess from the way they spoke when I tried to change that today SUNDAY, March 5th, 1854. All I remember of the sermon was the anec- dote about the boy eating honey and when his father asked him how sweet it was he said taste it and see for your- self. Rather impudent. Feel quite satisfied with myself to-day in point of writing and what I will read this evening Yesterday's snow all melt- ed and now everything is nice again. Sent on my bill to-day. It was a disagreeable thing to do, but such things have to be done and the best way is to grin and bear it. Screwed my courage up to asking the boys for the promise I want to-day. MONDAY, March 6th, 1854. Nothing-- [two lines in French] TUESDAY, March 7th, 1854. Miss Smiley was sick so we had no Latin to day Prof. Hinkle told us of it the first time; the second, after waiting five minutes we cut--in all directions for fear we would meet the Prof who might send us back. Even the Seniors stopped and stared to see the Preps cut. Misses Monks and Folsom have killed a cat and they are going to stuff it. Nice wok [sic]! Am going to begin on my other tatting chemise after Silent time and Latin. Have got about third way through Philip the Second, vol.I Found a trowel on my wan- derings to day which I'll keep for future gardenings WEDNESDAY, March 8th, 1854. There is to be a concert by the Cecilia society this even ing. Would I were a member. Found my music book in No.13 where I looked lots of times. Miss Preston was so good when I asked her about it that I almost begin to like her. President said we would have no new Lady P. till next year etc. etc. but the same arrangement as at present would continue ... Did not take off our blankets this morning as ordered. Studied Rhetoric with Mame Kiersted. Was picked up on "Augustine" in class this morning. I will be mad to morrow if I find out that my way was wrong. THURSDAY, March 9th, 1854. chairs put the books from the stand. under the table poured all the water out of their pitchers and put out the gas in all the rooms FRIDAY, March 10th, 1854. Lecture by Robinson Pres. of some college and author of our Algebra--on the real movers of the world. First rate good for him I think. About half the girls think it was splen did and the other half that it was abominable I don't like lectures on Friday evening for we have to study so hard Saturday in consequence This has been one of the least eventful weeks since I came to Vas sar nothing done, nothing to say about. Went with Etta before the lecture and unmade the two beds in Alice's parlor upset all the SATURDAY, March 11th, 1854. Miss Brown was too tired to go and call on that young lady avec moi for which I am truly thankful. Went with Etta to see Prof. Hinkle He did not see me com ing after the other two & shut the door in my face but excused himself im mediately. I think he is gay. Made a little tatting and did nothing--an- other Saturday wasted. Paid Mr. Schon to day He was in a much better humor than us- ual. Gay old gentleman Heaps of gay old gentle men around here it pears like. SUNDAY, March 12th, 1854. MONDAY, March 13th, 1854. TUESDAY, March 14th, 1854. WEDNESDAY, March 15th, 1854. Last night May and Grace were scared because they thought some one was at their window and they scream ed. Which brought in Misses Preston, Swayze and Hamlin. The [sic] got quieted down soon and went to rest again It was kept pretty quiet all day but at night Eva R. came up and heard the news and said she was going to frighten the girls and sure enough she did. About two hours after a deputy came up from the 1st South to know if they should barricade their win- dows to keep people out. and Lottie and Jen yelled out as soon as I got home to know all the story about Miss Pennell THURSDAY, March 16th, 1854. May's man is growing. To-day the story is that he got in the window and had a heap of jewelry out and was just going off with the watches and when they screamed he ran. He went through sev- eral stages before he got to this. Miss Hamlin says he was all made by the watchman shutting down the windows when it began to rain. Anyhow it was nice for a little excitement. Jen slept with Lottie Last night and left me to guard the ... side of the house ... ... Miss Morse sent for ... and told her she ... ... down stairs on account of [line too light to read] FRIDAY, March 17th, 1854. Yesterday my home letters came so I received ... to-day. My boys promised what I asked without a ... for which I was gladder than I have been ...anything for a long long time. St. Pat's day and we had tea at ... ... gyms were to come in the evening but we were excused from them so I did not have to walk. Wrote to Mr. McCandless which is one of the hardest things I have to do and I am thankful it is done Have withstood Etta's teasing so far and guess I can stand it till the ... Wrote to Mamma & sent it yesterday. SATURDAY, March 18th, 1854. Spent all the morning studying Rhetoric. It is a shame to always give us harder lessons for Monday than any other day. Prac tised in the afternoon and did one or two other things and Saturday was gone. Nothing happened more than usual and I am glad vacation is coming when there will be a chance to rest. SUNDAY, March 19th, 1854. ... ... classes excused ... ... ... was sick. May and Etta and I walked ... B. c. time up and ... the observatory path. It was a most delightful day. That at way off looks as if I were studying Latin Wrote to Christine that I had fully made up my changeable mind to stay here during the Easter time. I expect to have a gay time reading then if ... don't worry the life out of me before then. May is helping her so it is much as possi ble MONDAY, March 20th, 1854. Made up my mind to go to Brooklyn. Had a long letter from Papa and he sent me Parson's Essays, Hohnes Mechanism of thought and Scripture paradoxes and gave his explanation of what I wanted to know Gave in my ticket at cor ridor meeting. Don't want to go very much but guess I will to please my parents TUESDAY, March 21st, 1854. Letters to-day which frus- trated my plans of yes- terday. Miss Spelman writes that she has to go away from home to nurse her sister so that I cannot go there. Can't say I am very sorry but ... will be. Letter from Julia wanting to know when I will be in B. so that she can come and see me. Am not going to tell the girls of the change in my ideas for I don't want to die before my time by worrying. Told Miss Hamlin to keep it quiet and so she will. WEDNESDAY, March 22nd, 1854. Small explanation this evening on examina tions. The three weeks review determines whether we pass in our studies and the two days are for the benefit of the examinating committee. President Raymond made several little jokes, about our changing our names and having pet names go down to posterity. He wants good names and respectable if not beau- tiful go into the Vassar Catalogue. Thankful I have not one of that sort. THURSDAY, March 23d, 1854. Letter from John con- taining a riddle. Why is a man eating soup with a fork like one try ing to kiss his sweetheart. Heard of the revolution in Paris, mean to read up Sunday. President said in Chapel that they had written to Mr Gough and if he came he would be here about eleven to morrow. May he come. FRIDAY, March 24th, 1854. Went to Delta and saw Much ado about nothing. It was first rate. How the girls get up their costumes I can't see. They are almost as good as if they were regular actors and had everything instead of having to bor- row a little here and a little there. Society Hall was about as full as it could be, teachers in abundance. Letter from Papa enclosing a notice of Dr. Harper and some seeds which I hope had nothing to do with Mr. Buckley. Did not think they would take at my word so quickly. Mr Gough did not come though we watched all 4th Period. One girl said a watched pot never boils. ... SATURDAY, March 25th, 1854. Read In Trust all the afternoon and am sorry I wasted my time so. It would not be so bad if there were not so many simple remarks in it, especial- ly about the broad high forehead, expressive mouth, and roman nose of the three weeks old baby. Miss Douglass appears to think the first duty of a married woman is to have a baby to go down to posterity-at any rate every one had one in less than a year from when they were married. SUNDAY, March 26th, 1854. Wrote to John, Miss Spelman Matha, Clara, Julia, Papa In the afternoon and evening Dora read Dream Life by Donald G. Mitchell It is good and leaves one something to think of be- sides babies I seem to go by starts, usually I read nothing and now I have read two books in two days. Called on Miss Brown and she told me some queer stories about Alice Clark and others I wonder how much she knows about the Carters. I hope not so much as I do for their sakes. MONDAY, March 27th, 1854. Nobody ever had more dif- ferent plans. This morn- ing I was as fixed in my resolve to stay here through the vacation as possible--to night my trunk is packed for going to Philadelphia. All because Pa- pa said I might run over there for a day or two from Brooklyn. I thought if I could go at all I might as well go for the whole time as I cannot go to Brooklyn. But I must take back my invitations to Clara an [sic] Julia. I will go and see [squiggle] on my way back here Monday if nothing happens TUESDAY, March 28th, 1854. WEDNESDAY, March 29th, 1854. Meeting of the Students Asso ciation lasting till after eight. The President was caught on the way out of Chapel and reminded of his promise to explain the reasons why the Faculty would not let the S. A. Support Mary Kneisel any more. He ex plained very satisfactorily to me, and then said he would answer any questions they wished to ask on the subject and the [sic] asked and he answered, in the mean- while giving quite an ani- mated speech on the want of Trust the S. A. had in the Faculty. After he left they discussed Founders Day again - decided to ask H. [initial] Beecher before finally deciding on Prof. Raymonds reading THURSDAY, March 30th, 1854. Our trunks were toted off this afternoon to my de- light. Had a letter from Papa enclosing check for fifty dollars. And the news that he had resign- ed as C. I. R. but he did not say what he was going to do. May he have some business that will bring him North. A glorious concert this evening by four Phil- harmonics under Prof. Ritter. Miss Lloyd and Miss Mussel played. The Misses Lord sat right in front in the gallery with white kids on and an opera glass and looked childlike and bland and mighty simple. FRIDAY, March 31st, 1854. Arrived in Phil. 8-15.P.M. Went down to Po'keepsie in a carriage with May, Etta, Alice, Abbie and Kiersted. The first three went on the 12-20 train and we others wandered around town till the 1-15. Over 130 of us went down. Was Piloted to the ferry by Lott. W. and then I was leader and piloted the Tituses and Shultis across the Ferry and to the cars myself. Talked to Mr. Hon ell most of the way to Phil. A Gay Old Gentleman. Kate asked me to join their party. Miss Hamlin came to talk to me in the cars but I was cool and calm. She don't like me SATURDAY, April 1st, 1854. April Fool's Day. The clock face was covered with paper and we all looked at it and were fooled. It rained all day long. Began my green tidy and made a little tatting. Played Rounces all the evening till after ten before one game was finished Poor Uncle John Aitken seems pretty feeble. Wrote to Julia and Clara Raynor telling them not to come to Vassar during the va- cation to see me. SUNDAY, April 2nd, 1854. Went to Sunday School and Church. There were not many people in either place and I should not wonder if the society was broken up soon. It is a pity people are poor and fight so. Mary, Fannie and Sue. Aitken came over in the afternoon and Ben brought Mary and Lizzie Snyder to see me. Wrote to Harry and home. We sat in the parlor without the gas lit all the evening and talked books and authors The boys had to take the girls home. Glad I aint boys to have to go home with girls whether or no I want to. MONDAY, April 3rd, 1854. Spent the evening at Fan- ny Aitkens. Dont think she is the most ladylike girl I ever saw. If I was a boy I would not like to have cold potatoes thrown at me in my face and on my good coat. If I were to sling one my pere would give me a short address on the evils of my ways. It rained all the evening and we were caught in it in the after noon. Rode up in a car without paying any fare. Ella under took it but in the crowd could not find the conductor. TUESDAY, April 4th, 1854. Was a little extravagant but I could not help it because it was for Sallie for her birthday. Poor Un- cle John is worse. I don't think the children realize how sick he is, or else I think he is worse than he is. It seems as though he might go off in any of the smoth ering spells he has. Ben is most to be pitied for he seems to think so much of his father. WEDNESDAY, April 5th, 1854. Had a real good time at Lizzie Snyder's last night and danced the ... a- gain Awkward looking body I guess I am in them as it is the second time since nine years. Hope I have spent my last cent for I have not much more than enough to get back on Have only been extrava gant in two things this time which is pretty good for me. We went over to Mr. Smith's store and got weighed. I weighed 142 1/2 pounds Am coming down a little or else had on thinner clothing THURSDAY, April 6th, 1854. FRIDAY, April 7th, 1854. SATURDAY, April 8th, 1854. Fussed over my dress all the morning and in the afternoon we went to the matinee; it was decidedly a mixed up play that we saw and there was considerable dancing. The last scene was very beautiful, but on the whole it was dif ferent from what we ex pected and I did not admire it much but I was glad I went for it was something new. Our escort told us to tell anyone who might ask us about it that "it was very deep." Spent half an hour after I came back bathing Mary's head. She seemed entirely worn out. SUNDAY, April 9th, 1854. Saw Mr & Mrs Ballon in church. He sent her up to the altar to see what those young girls were doing with the flowers and then she recognized me. On my way down stairs to wash some ivy he stopped me & asked me lots of things with out knowing me. In the evening lost a lock of my hair and read spots of Innocents Abroad, selected by Ben. Saw Dr. Harper go by in the afternoon but had no chance to call to him. Wish I had for I wanted to talk to him so much. Sat up with Ella and the boys till everyone had gone to bed. MONDAY, April 10th, 1854. Left Phil. on the 3-10 train. Made a very quick trip to Newark When I got there they put me down at the wrong place and I had a gay time find ing where the girls live Guess I'll not be such a fool next time. Took a walk in the evening and got some ice cream and after we went to bed talked till very late. They scolded me for not coming on Sat- day. Saw Mrs Guyger in the evening and Mr Pinney. TUESDAY, April 11th, 1854. Went over to New York at little past nine. Found that my trunk had not yet left Philadelphia and had to telegraph for it. Call ed on Mrs Lockwood who was at dinner, fortunately for us. She has a beautiful new house with alcove bed rooms beautifully fur- nished. Called on Clara and got another sound scolding for not coming before. Hope my friends will hereafter expect me when I say I'll come and not when they take a kink I will be there. WEDNESDAY, April 12th, 1854. Studied a little last eve but not much for I was tired. Went to class to-day without know- ing very much but got along tolerably well as we had dictation in French. A great many of the girls are not back yet. Etta and Alice came this morning. May did not take our advice but came back on time. The girls say they had a gay time here boating excursioning etc. But I don't wish I had stayed. Found letters from Harry and Mary. THURSDAY, April 13th, 1854. In choral class this morning the second sopranos were as stu- pid as before the vaca- tion and I am as- hamed of them. Fin ished the first vol ume of Philip the Sec ond. Am beginning to feel as if there had been no vacation. It is so easy to get back into the old habits. Had gymnastics. The prohibition on walk ing after five o clock has been removed for which I say three cheers. Am going to have Mrs Green make my skirts. Tuttle told me about her trouble as Prep. Special. FRIDAY, April 14th, 1854. Got out Philip the tooth. In the evening wrote up my small diary and read and talked instead of stu- dying Latin. Studied my French in the afternoon. My trunk came yester- day to my great de- light but I had to pay two dollars and a half for it. Guess my fifty won't be near fifty very long at the present rate. Wrote to Mrs McCandless;and wrote to Rob telling him not to worry for my trunk was here all correct & unpacked. [two lines too faint to read] SATURDAY, April 15th, 1854. Studied a few minutes in the morning and most of the rest of the day I fussed over my dress. Lottie read some of the Newcomes to me while I worked. Miss Morse sent for May and told her she would have to give her Miss Irwin for a roommate which was mean consider ing that she had told her that she need not have any. Studied Latin in Mays room with Miss Meeker who is quite an addition to we folks. I like smart folks to study with SUNDAY, April 16th, 1854. Had a "... ..." to preach for us to-day. For a wonder the sermon was not about Martha & Mary. He was an ug- ly little fellow with a crooked, one-sided, wig. Preached us pretty near to sleep, but had such a cracked voice that we did not set quite to it. Tuttle wrote to Harry and it was a gay old letter notwithstanding she said I held the baby for the little girl who told me the way in Newark when I did not at all. Read a little in the library in the evening MONDAY, April 17th, 1854. Letter from Mamma saying I must get my calico dresses here, so I guess I'll not get any at least not till I am sure about going home. Took May and Tuttle over to Mrs ...'s. A goose chased us and frightened May. We sat down un- der one of the trees to play euchre on the way back but it was so near the road and in such plain sight of the building that we only played one game before coming in. TUESDAY, April 18th, 1854. A wasp stung me just before Silent time but by putting mud on immediately I seemed to draw out the poison. Got a piece of classical Latin poetry (as I thought ... three classes for I did not have a chance to look at it in Latin class when I read the accompany ing letter. Subject of it was "Carmen" WEDNESDAY,April 19th, 1854. Sunday April 19, 1868 Today I wrote to my old uncle I wonder how soon he will an- swer me. Papa is quite sick to day and Mary is trying to be. Mrs Harper goes to- morrow. I don't think there is much of a chance at present of my going to the Xenia seminary to take singing lessons We have broken all ties to Slippery Dick and have declared war To day the Sentinel denounces Papa and the Mail defends him What a change from last winter! We may have to leave the State yet THURSDAY,April 20th, 1854. Prof. Backus was not in Rhetoric if Miss Clard did ask him to come in every day till we did not care whether he came or not. We were quite Smart last night We translated about 120 lines of Cicero in an hour and twenty min utes, a line and a half a minute. This is our last night with that author I trust and believe A beautiful mist is ov er all the earth like some soft veil to hide the preparations for na- tures beautiful appearance on a sunshiny to-mor row.FRIDAY,April 21st, 1854. Annie Love spent the evenity with me, mir abile dictu, and over our ravelling ... had quite a pleasant talk for nearly two hours, on clothes and people. Saw Miss Darling, whom I supposed to be still away and was reminded that I must call on her soon. SATURDAY, April 22nd, 1854. Rose ce matin at half past six and was dressed by the time the rising bell rang and went down and fix ed May's hair for her picture. Worked on my dress rouchs all the morning while Etta darned. She and May are going to belong to Tuttle's croquet club. There is a quiet sort of row going on between Etta and Alice, sorry to write. SUNDAY, April 23rd, 1854.MONDAY, April 24th, 1854. [initial]T. told us the news at supper that she had run off and gone to town this afternoon. She walked in and a young gent brought her out in his buggy to the lake steps Pretty risky business but it must have been fun. I am a- fraid she talked too much at supper and that my friend of the big eyes knows of it. Some one made a noise in Cor. meet ing and I know Miss Hamlin thought I did it for she stared at me so. She suspects me of everything I guess now 2 days. TUESDAY, April 25th, 1854. It is after half past seven and I have just returned from the Students We have had a long discus sion on Mary Kniesel, the last I hope for she is to send here [sic] dressmakers bill her [sic] to be paid and the rest of the money for her is to be sent to Mr. Van Meter. Her Sem inary has been burned and she dont know just what she has lost except two pairs of corsets. She must have had three pairs for she had one on, a good lot for such a poor girl. They want us each to pay fifteen cents more for Founder's Day. I have paid as much as I am going to for one. WEDNESDAY, April 26th, 1854. not go to Chapel. Jen and Fan and lots of others have been called up for something. They two got off quite easily as they had only done it once for fun. F had to tell this afternoon where she got the cigarettes so probably Lot. will be sent for. I should think that in all this investigation Tut tle would tremble. It is said that Nell Epler received a box of Cigaretts [sic] every day from one of the Bizby boys. Fred Hinkle is the go between. I expect the President will give us a fine speech on the subject next Tuesday.THURSDAY, April 27th, 1854. Great excitement throughout the building not for Founders Day but for the row on the gambling smoking and drinking question also the flirting with the Bizby boys. Rumors fly all over the college. Every time Jen and I meet we have some new edition to relate. The last was that Misses Ledue and Cornell are as deep in it as the others and were found gambling after ten also drinking. 4 girls were to be publicly ex pelled tonight in Chapel but they weren't. There are thirty or forty others who are to be privately expelled Two girls were so drunk last Sunday that they couldFRIDAY, April 28th, 1854. The latest to night is that Waltby and Dane have hid out of the fuss and Epler alone told the truth and is alone to be expelled. Dane mean. Of course every one is furious at that Epler has the sympathies of the teachers. We will probably hear of it in Chapel Tuesday. Up till twelve at the F.[ounders] D.[ay] performance. It was too long for any use. The reading lasted over two hours. Lough and Safford were so cold in the beginning that we almost suffocated. The music was good except the singing which was not much count. The tableaux were fine but not worth thirty dollars.SATURDAY, April 29th, 1854. It was lucky I sewed all day yesterday for not an earthly thing have I done to-day, except working an hour in the garden In the afternoon just as I was beginning to study Miss Brown came. She was very blue and, as usual in such cases, talk- ed all the time about the sad condition of the Waltham school and the bad way it is of educating the N. C. children outside the church. I am sorry the school is so but as I can't help it I am sorry that she is always complaining of it to me. She is rather scep- tical [sic] of the stories about the scrape of Maltby Dane & Epler May she be in better spirits next time she comes.SUNDAY, April 30th, 1854. Fooled away most of the time between Bible class and Chapel so did not get to writing till after noon. Wrote six letters though before nine. Then read a little in Philip who passes away slowly. Annie Love was up in the evening to see Miss Hamlin who, as usual, was not at home. She must be in the scrape or she would not want Miss Hamlin so much. Lottie Rossiter is too I guess by her looks. I won- der what they had to do. Annie always is very en- vious when on [sic] goes to tell her anything and when she is told says O yes she kows [sic] all about it! MONDAY, May 1st, 1854. Written 1868 I am one year old this day My first birthday outside the paternal mansion and it is rather a lone some affair. I have told no one that it was my birthday so did not even get a good luck wish. But such a good letter from Mamma came that it was not so very bad. It is queer what she likes me for. If I was some one else I would not like me a bit, it seems. I mean to suggest going out west next time I write home. The south is not fit for decent people to live in when they belong to our persuasion I hate the place.TUESDAY, May 2nd, 1854. To-night the expected blow came. He began "Smoking, Drinking, Card playing, Clan- destine correspondence with young men, going on in Vas- sar College" and then went on to say what he had heard from fathers and brothers. He then said what he had found out. In two cases cigars had been sent, and came. The cigars had been smoked in a frolic and the wine drank [sic]. He fussed lightly over that. Then enlarged on the girl's unwillingness to help him discover the facts. In two cases such was alowable [sic]- in Honor among Thieves and in shielding good men from tyrants It was wrong here. He read the girls names out in Chapel. Said he would rather have ten scourgings than do it. I never felt so sorry for anyone in my life as those three poor girls. They are not to pass the front fence or the stream back or to receive gents in the parlors. The cards he skipped. A birthday package from Phil. came this afternoon. My friends are too good to me. It makes me want to do what I cannot. I have thought much of George to-day. Wonder if he thought of me yesterday. Though he may be ever so good in future.WEDNESDAY, May 3d, 1854. Yesterday it appeared that some other people remember my birthday besides Mamma Very pleasant for me. It appeareth strange that Mrs. McCandless don't write I must heap coals of fire on her head next Sunday Walked with Dora out in the woods in the rain so that she could get some flowers to any- lize [sic]. Began my pink bracket It will not be handsome but it will answer the pur- pose and fill a place on the walls. We fear that Mrs Humphries called this morning and found our par lor in disorder. THURSDAY, May 4th, 1854. Prof. Hinkle was in Latin this noon. Came just as I was finish- ing luckily. I drew a picture of him. Very good picture but not much like him. Noth in in particular to say. Two ladies from Phil, principals of schools have been here. One wears a cap on her head like a crown. Trimmed up with purple feathers. Looks like Queen Victoria would if she were an old maid and fixed her hair in little bunches of curls sticking out the front and the side under her crown. FRIDAY, May 5th, 1854. Left two things out of my letter to Ella that I meant to put in, about my cold and my brack et. Will speak of them the next time I write. Have nothing to say. Am afraid that John is still sick as no letter from him has come yet. I hope for one to-morrow. I am so sorry about poor Mary ..., that she don't get better. I hope that they will have sense enough to make her go away some place and pay attention to getting well. SATURDAY, May 6th, 1854. Had a delightful ... in Papa's letter that they think of coming north in the fall- not in so many words but I guessed it and I am going home in June I guess. Did not eat any supper last night except a doughnut I stole. As I felt the same indisposition to eat this evening I did not go down at all, preferring to eat the remaining doughnut in Silent time to sitting half an hour at supper doing nothing. Hope my cold will get well soon. Also that the supply of coal will not give out again this spring, or I will have another. SUNDAY, May 7th, 1854. Went to chapel and found it was cold and that Prof. Orton was going to preach so I left just before the sermon. Heard after wards that it was a very good one. Read the Messenger till the service was over when I went to walk. Took a roasting hot bath and went to bed un- der a pile of covers last night in hopes of bettering my cold but succeeded not at all. Hope to be better to-morrow MONDAY, May 9th, 1854. Have just been hearing a most romantic story from Lottie Walker of a Mrs Dick Colwell in Jersey. Hope to it remember. Discovered that I made a mistake in my planting l'autre jour and planted pinks for mignonette et vice versa. Don't think Miss Lerow is nearly as good a reader as Miss Swayze She is too monotonous. TUESDAY, May 9th, 1854. Practised with Emily Dane in gymnastics to day during the steps. Etta fooled over the dumb bells and I chastised her. Then she would not take my arms so I left the ranks. Then Miss Colwell asked if I would practise with Miss Dane. Saying yes, I did so while Etta stood by the wall and grinned. Determined to have my picture took. Am in a pickle about what to wear. Mr Kirtz wants us to wear white but I guess my silk will be light enough for this time. WEDNESDAY, May 10th, 1854. Cecilia has a soiree to- night. Wish I were a member. I would go in- stead of studying Latin. Conundrum business comes on slowly. One of last night was Why is the Pres ident like a Wildcat. Because he is related to pussy. an- other-Why is a horse running away like a dress being slit down the back. Because they both go licketty split. They were both rejected. Taken-When is a man in the smallest possible space.-When he is in a pickle. Miss Bennetts name was proposed for membership in the Philaletheau, to night. THURSDAY, May 11th, 1854. Tried to draw a picture at supper to-night of we'uns studying Latin. May sprawled across the foot of the bed Etta with her feet cocked up on the foot board. Me seated at the top of the bed, Kiersted alongside of me, Alice in the rocking chair side of her. Etta was saying "I have that in my notes" Kiersted "May what does hospitio mean" Alice "I have the order of that" I, "wait till I find my notes" May "Please read your notes Bertha." It was not a success in the artistic line, though very expressive. FRIDAY, May 12th, 1854. After much consideration have made up my mind not to go to ... Fields lec- ture on French Literature this evening. Because by close calculation I have decided that if I don't go this evening I can almost finish my dress tomorrow. Got the two skirts finished this after- noon. May is sick this afternoon. Prof. Backus officiated in Chapel. Wish the President would resign to him. Miss Clark told us yesterday that a gentleman Principal of a school visiting here said he was much confused to see that there was communication in every class he saw.[three words too light to read] to that Lady & said she was delighted with the girls here because they did not [two lines too light to read] SATURDAY, May 13th, 1854. Changed my mind and went to the lecture whh.[sic] lasted a period and was splendid. The President had her change her subject to "What French will do for you." She said that even if we learned French pretty well it would not do us much good in French society for the people were too sel fish and fond of good con- versation to invite anyone to their parties who could not enjoy them and be an or nament to society. Said it would do us a great deal of good in reading French writing Memoirs and Letters) It would teach us to give parties and get up general converse instead of having off people for the eve. Told us the story of the french gentleman she gave a reception to who wanted to know why the Americans were so ... in asking information about France. Each taking ... ... alone .... SUNDAY, May 14th, 1854. (Written Monday.) Had a most splendid ... talk by Prof. Back us before the society of Religious Inquiry. It was on Home Missions. It was the most interesting thing I have heard in the College He is an American in sentiment and don't believe in letting the enthusiasm of foreign missions drown the home miss ions He spoke of how wonderful a thing it was that Christianity kept pace with the population But it is no use trying to repeat. I only spoil it. Etta came in afterwards and we read Dr Johns till ten o'clock. But we were not very interested MONDAY, May 15th, 1854. Had my picture taken this morning. He took the girl that should have come after me be fore me so I was late to noon Latin. As there was a good excuse and it was not my fault I suppose it won't matter Heard that the soft look ing minister who has been here several days and who preached yes- terday is going to write us up in "Scribners." He appears better in the pulpit than out. It would be well if he could always stay there. He is about the softest looking specimen that we have had here. TUESDAY, May 16th, 1854. ... was at the gym- nasium this afternoon Wonder if he will report about the girls shoes. If he does ,woe is me! Etta and I came suddenly upon him on the front steps after supper, when we went out to see if it was warm enough to go out and read Dr. Johns It was warm enough and we went out and read. But, if I were a man visit ing a ladies college I would let them know when I was around so they would not be startled at coming suddenly upon me. Also I would be too bashful to be always per- ambulating the halls just when all the girls were there going from one place of duty to another so I would. He don't WEDNESDAY, May 17th, 1854. Sunday 68 Today morning Papa started for the Presidential Con vention at Chicago. He ex- pects to be gone about two but I expect he will be gone three weeks We are still waiting like the Micawbers for something to turn up The Senate have as good as acquitted Andrew Johnson and there is very small chance of the State be- ing admitted in less than two months if it is at all. If it isnt we will all of us turn up in some other state. The 2 states I particu larly want to be in are the states of health and wealth. May we be in both very soon Even so THURSDAY, May 18th, 1854. Guess I wont rub out the record of three years ago. It seems like six since the summer I used to write now and then a day up by my window in Mrs. Weiss house. Yesterday Pussy sent for me I went down in fear and trembling for fear she would give me a roommate But she only wanted to know why I was absent from Chapel 2 weeks ago. Told her I had a cold and the Chapel was cold she excused me from that and for being late to Latin Monday As I ... was going out she said "I suppose you would like to know what your marks are" said I "yes mamm." She said they were very good with the exception of one month in Latin. A little more study would make them perfect. I am very glad of it Would like to know that month Thanked her and ... how I had wanted to find out about them. FRIDAY, May 19th, 1854. Went down to supper this evening with Corinne and we were the first in the room and when we saw what a horrid old supper there was we left after pocketing some cookies from our respective tables It was well we were in soon or we would have had to stay An illustration of how the early bird catches the worm. When I went at noon to the mail Miss Preston said in her ugly way you won't look so smiling when you see its only a paper. I told her it was just what I expected. I wonder why she need be so disagree able. SATURDAY, May 20th, 1854. In our walk around the lake before tea May told me of her plan for next year. She is going to stay at home and see what she can do to make the folks there happy as she says she has never done for them but the contrary, them for her But je ne le crois pas ... She is to keep on with her French and Latin. I wish I knew enough to be able to do the same thing. Lucy Sellers father came for her this morning and she is started for California hav- ing passed examination in her studies. She is lucky! Have on a summer dress for the first time. This is a good place not to wear out summer clothes in. SATURDAY, May 20th, 1854. A nice looking old goat preached a good sermon to-day. But he has the snarliest voice I ever heard which most marred it. He looked too sweet to have such a voice. His sermon was full of poetical quotations from Paradise Lost to the Queen of the May. Very funny. Called this "a unique seminary" "a seminary of sec- ular learning for young per- sons" etc. Had the greatest hunt to-day for letters and the clover I had to send the girls. I always have to hunt for things. I hope I may get out of the habit before a great many years. This is the first gloriously hot day. MONDAY, May 22nd, 1854. Miss Hamlin is so good I wonder what is the matter. She kissed me said she was glad to see me and asked if I miss ed her. and altogether act ed as though she had been away a month instead of two days. I did miss her when Miss Preston came trot- ting around ten o'clock, but was not very down hearted. Poor Dora is sick with a sore mouth. Etta is right-pert again. I caught Miss Kapp's eye today in class and she looked so nice that I have been homesick almost, ever since. Miss Brashir rub- bed out one of Lou Kellogg's exercises for Bible class topics. Lou got in just in time to see the last of it disappear. TUESDAY, May 23d, 1854. chronology made distaste ful to us here? By the stars and giving us dates. Why at the end of President R's sermons are we like carriage wheels? Because we are tired. When is a woman not a woman? When she is a-bed. When is a man not a man? When he is a miss. Why is a thoughtless man like the wrong side of a looking glass? Because he never reflected What is the diff. between a man facing the west in the morning and a woman doing the same in the afternoon? One casts a shadow before, the other " " " behind. Why is the world like a dog's tail? Be cause it wags. Why is the icing on cake like a hen? Because it is a layer 10 WEDNESDAY, May 24th, 1854. Had nothing to say yes- terday in this account Not much more to-day. This has been rather full of work. Had a tremendous French lesson and at nine have to practice "Down in the Dewy Dell." Have just been talking with Jennie about how she is to in- troduce her conundrums. I think a good way would be to tell how each was thought of. I guess I will write down some so as to remember them in the great hereafter. First, in ref- erence to the row at the Chapter meeting. What was the word "well" supposed to be worth? As sent (a cent) How is over backwards THURSDAY, May 25th, 1854. FRIDAY, May 26th, 1854. SATURDAY, May 27th, 1854. SUNDAY, May 28th, 1854. Have nothing to say at all any more than the skipped days but have time to say the nothing. Have written four long letters, at least three were long, and am now on a fifth to Lizzie Snyder. Friday night Jen came off gay with her conun- drums. Took a part from Hiawatha, twisted to suit the purpose, for the heading. Thursday we drew for things. First in fun then by the de- cision of a tossed penny in earnest. I came of ... to my thinking Lottie the same to hers, Jen the worst ... MONDAY, May 29th, 1854. TUESDAY, May 30th, 1854. Had a lecture by the Presi- dent on the frivolity of the Literary society. It took him forty minutes to get to the point of his discourse what all the rest was in- troductory to, namely, that the girls must not wear masculine attire in their plays. Reminded us of the character of actresses. Said he had been invited many times to go but never went for fear of having his mor- al sensibilities wounded. Poor man! If he is as- hamed to see a girl's ankle he better never go to gym- nastics. He said too much of the time was spent on such things for the good of our in- tellectural growth. (according to recollection) WEDNESDAY, May 31st, 1854. Added up my account to-day and came 2 dollars short this month, at least, I am sure that about everything I bought I set down, so cannot see where it has gone to. Someone must have it, as I haven't. I am go- ing to hide my purse this week and see how it will come out next month. Had a very easy time today though the Rhetoric was twenty four pages long. Slept the sixth period. ... came up from eve ning choral class where we have been singing Down in the Dewy Dell Ten till ... THURSDAY, June 1st, 1854. President modified his Tuesday night's remarks a little to-night. Wonder if Minnie got after him. FRIDAY, June 2nd, 1854. Played croquet after tea with Misses Hastings Pennell and Brown, who asked me yesterday. Had a first rate time. Hastings and I played together and came off ahead. I would like to play a little more so as to be in p (two days after) rac- tice for the summer cam- paign. Read most of the afternoon. May came just as I wrote the above ... and asked me to Delta. Had a real good time. They gave up the grand show they expected to have on account of the President's remarks. But they had essays and music and every one enjoyed it. SATURDAY, June 3d, 1854. The one who seemed least to enjoy the show last night was Miss Blisses young man. I should think the poor fellow would have been scared at being with so many of "the sex." Sewed some on my new waist and studied Latin in the afternoon. The morning was all taken up in Student's association and in going to Mrs Green's for my dress and taking my new one to make, at which I most came to a grease spot. The officers were elected with out any fight, but it took over two hours. Miss Crocket was mad at being put on the committee SUNDAY, June 4th, 1854. Miss Lord told us we would only have one more Bib- le class. I divided Bible as Colonel Reynolds does "... ch." Sleepy sermon on commerce. Had the grand honor of sitting in Miss Lord's place. She would not let me change when she came in and when the bananas were passed around she made me help myself first. Walked with Lily Lewis after supper. The sun was out and it rain- ed so I had to come clear up to my room for my umbrella. MONDAY, June 5th, 1854. TUESDAY, June 6th, 1854. Have finished our last night in Virgil. Didn't read tomorrow afternoons lesson for we think we know the end. Have ... up for Sunday. Slept a half an hour after dinner and read half and hour in the Journal. Then studied all rest of the afternoon on Rhetoric. WEDNESDAY, June 7th, 1854. Letter from Mary Glenn this morning which has made me feel rather sober to-day. Uncle John has gone home to rest. I wonder if we will ever be good e- nough to rejoice when one of our friends is taken home from a life of pain. We ought to, but we never do and always feel sad. Though we are glad he went so quietly with so little pain. I am sorry too for poor Mary who was getting along so nicely in the country when she had to go home to watch by the sick bed. May it not take away all the country benefit and leave her weaker. THURSDAY, June 8th, 1854. FRIDAY, June 9th, 1854. SATURDAY, June 10th, 1854. At last my wish has been fulfilled and I've been to the old graveyard. It contains, sixteen trees, mostly apple, eight tombstones, grape vines, lots of shade, also weeds, and the ashes of eight people. From the dates I think they are two old peoples, their three sons, one son's wife, and two grand- children. Some stones were upset. One one was cut in something like "Stranger stop on passing by As you are so once was I As I am so you will be So prepare to follow me. Underneath in pencil "To follow you I'm not content until I know which way you went" I know who wrote the lat I told Miss Lord at the table and she was very shocked and didn't even smile. We told Miss Hamlin who laughed and wanted to know what else funny was there. Such is the difference between peoples. SUNDAY, June 11th, 1854. MONDAY, June 12th, 1854. Nothing in particular hap pened to-day but I have had a right lazy time. Was not called on in French, luckily. Prof Farrar and a Boston teacher were in Rhetoric class and only three girls recited. The rest of the period was taken up by his asking questions and discussing History and Fiction. He told Miss Clark at the end that the young ladies in his class seemed to have a mind of their own. We ought to have. Did not have any Rhetoric much to study as we review the last half which I knew so after reading it over and reading the girls Latin I spent the afternoon reading. Now for study TUESDAY, June 13th, 1854. Nothing to say but that I am no longer a Prep. there was the usual rus- tle over the chapel when he said he would read the names of those who by a vote of the Faculty were admitted. I guess everyone was as some of the simplest I know were. Dora told me yesterday that my name was on the board to re- turn my book but I am not going to till I finish it to-morrow. It is so dark I can't see We keep forgetting to buy some matches and our borrowed ones have giv- en out. WEDNESDAY, June 14th, 1854. Miss Morse has been persecu- ting Jennie again. When they drew for rooms she didn't draw on Fannie's corridor as she wished so she changed with a girl who was on that one. To day Pussy gave it out that there was a rule against changing, when they had to go to her to tell where they had chosen. Asked Jen where she drew, made her change back again, made her hopping mad She went to Dr A. to no purpose Dr. said next year if she could not stand her present quarters she might change her We draw next. I am going to strike for Miss Thornton's room in the corner. Then, if the fates permit Etta will get there with me. THURSDAY, June 15th, 1854. Drew for rooms. When I chose I mustered up courage enough to ask Miss Morse if Etta could have the same room. She said "none but Seniors choose their roommates, let us hope she will draw there" Thinks I "many thanks for the permission to hope." but did not hope much. The Freshmen talk of "cutting Latin tomorrow as it is printed to come off at "11.P.M." instead of "A.M." Guess they will be stopped Letter from Clara. She has been sick, which is why she did not write sooner. (according to recollection Friday night) FRIDAY, June 16th, 1854. Etta drew on 1st North Tried to change with Miss Shultiss but Pussy forbad it after two hours search she found a sick body who had to go down on account of her health. As she had first choice she easily got in my room lucky we. O nos beatos. As I expected the Freshy were stopped by a neat little notice to the effect that they would "please go to recitation at 11.AM." They asked me to Delta's last meeting. It was very pleasant. Miss Hawke had the good bye for the Seniors -not as good as she can do May is going to sleep with me. After this Annie Love till the end. SATURDAY, June 17th, 1854. Skipped to-day and have now Sunday) noth- ing of consequence, as all the other things in this book are, to write. Wrote to Mrs McCandless to- day stating when I would be there Rather an awkward thing to do as I have not heard from there lately but it had to be done. Still hope to hear from there be- fore Wednesday. SUNDAY, June 18th, 1854. Have nothing say in particu- lar except that I am feeling considerably provoked with Etta just at present as I have just learned from Alice that although the swelling has gone out of Etta's feet as Etta herself told me-it is now gon higher in the calf of her leg- as she didn't tell me. The girl is crazed not to get medical advice about it. I am much a- fraid of dropsy and wish I could go to the library and read up on the sym- ptoms of that disease. Very likely I am nervous because of Uncle John's recent death, but it must be something serious when anyone swells up in that way, especially about the feet. If the girl had sense she would not let it go so. MONDAY, June 19th, 1854. Lottie pinned up my overskirt and on my bows behind but they were put on so loosely that I was in a state of fear the whole time till after our first sing then I came up stairs to fix tight not noticing how soon our next sing came and when I got down it was over, sad to say. I don't see how they ever got along without me. Had a nice letter from Mrs. McCandless and the forwarded one from Mamma. This is all written from memory tomorrow before the Philalethean address. It is a fine thing to have so fine a recollectionary organTUESDAY, June 20th, 1854. Have enjoyed the day ex- ceedingly so far and am now writing down the events before packing up my book. Now that we are through I am in a hurry to go away and get out of all this muss. The history of the Senior class, by Miss Glover was first rate and the prophecy was very good. I would like to be Miss Hopper in that beautiful place on the Mediterranean. The Sibyl was rather rough on poor Dora Hileman and I should think that Miss Monks would hope that the cat would soon be buried and forgotten. Miss Folger and Miss Jewett did well at the ... The Juniors and Sen. like to fling at one another! WEDNESDAY, June 21st, 1854. The end THURSDAY, June 22nd, 1854. FRIDAY, June 23d, 1854. SATURDAY, June 24th, 1854. 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Elma G. Martin. spec. '92 - '931 Journal 1892. Sept. 22. Started for Poughkeepsie at 11:00 A.M. Thursday Sept. 22. Arrived in Syracuse between two and three o'clock in the afternoon and started to find McBride St. By dint of questioning small boys and wandering about for some time I reached 212. I found Inez and Nellie there, but aunt Het had moved back to Watkins the Saturday before. Had a very pleasant visit. In the evening Nellie, and her girl, Inez and I walked down town.... Show moreElma G. Martin. spec. '92 - '931 Journal 1892. Sept. 22. Started for Poughkeepsie at 11:00 A.M. Thursday Sept. 22. Arrived in Syracuse between two and three o'clock in the afternoon and started to find McBride St. By dint of questioning small boys and wandering about for some time I reached 212. I found Inez and Nellie there, but aunt Het had moved back to Watkins the Saturday before. Had a very pleasant visit. In the evening Nellie, and her girl, Inez and I walked down town. Syracuse seems to be a very pleasant city, though I do not think I would like it as well as Elmira. On Friday at noon, met Grace on the train bound for Poughkeepsie. There was a girl on the train also, named Odell who was going to Vassar. Grace had never met her until she saw her on the train. She seemed very pleasant. She was going to the "Winsor", but was afterward transferred to the college. Arrived in Po'Keepsie about seven o'clock. After giving our checks to a man to bring our trunks to the college (for the small sum of thirty cents) we took a car for the college. Of all street cars I have ever had experience with, the cars here are the worst. Rattling along as if they were unacquainted with 2 springs and were being drawn over the stones, without rear platform, they are anything but pleasant. When we arrived at the college we found Mrs. Kendrick, Lady Principal, was at the Winsor and some one else left in charge. We were directed to a number and having found it after much search, found it to be a single room. In despair, we started again for the office, and Mrs. Kendrick having returned, were at last directed to our room No. 207 fifth floor, center. Tired and dirty we were glad to use water plentifully and get to bed as soon as possible. Sept 24 The next forenoon was spent in a fruitless search for our trunks. They came after some time and we had the pleasure of unpacking them before dinner. My box containing some things which I needed most, did not arrive until Monday. This year meals have been changed and we have lunch at 12:45 and dinner at 5:45 P.M. Sept 25 My first Sunday in Vassar. Breakfast half an hour later, at 8:00A.M. Preaching services in the chapel. Dr. Taylor preached an excellent sermon from Math. 12-30. Spent the time after dinner before supper3. in writing letters. After chapel attended the Y.W.C.A. prayer meeting. Sept 26. et seq. This morning went to the chapel to find out about classes. I have 4 hrs. each Latin and German, 3 hrs. Mathematics and Rhetoric and 1 hr. Hygiene in a week. Math. and Germ. come in the morning the others in the afternoon. German will be pleasant after I can understand all the Fraulein Neef says, but she talks as if she had too many teeth. Mathematics will be the bane of my existance, for Miss Richardson, the teacher, sets my nerves on end. She is of medium height, rather slender, has iron gray hair and steely eyes, a nose which is an acute angle, her dress fits without a wrinkle, and, to quote Miss Freeman, when she bends she makes a right angle. She is Mathematics personified. Miss Green, teacher in Latin, has sparkling black eyes, white teeth, and a pleasant smile. I shall like her. Dr. Thelberg, in Hygiene, which we had for the first time Wednesday, gave us plenty of good advice about the "toilette". She has a very pleasant manner. Expect to like her. Miss Perry the teacher of Rhetoric has piercing black eyes, black hair, and a quick manner. She is excellent.4 Sept 28 Wednesday. Exercised with Miss Peckham. Took a walk past the flower gardens and through the pines. Miss Peckham is inclined to be a bit loud, but is very pleasant. Sept 29 Ex.ed with Miss Freiman. She is quiet and pleasant. Like her very much. Sept 30 Have four recitations on Friday which makes it a very hard day. Did not go for ex. but wrote a short Theme on Han's Disappointment. Had to skip prayer meeting last evening to study in advance for today. Sat Oct 1 Did some settling in the morning and went with Grace to town in the afternoon. Walked both ways. It is about two miles. We were both quite tired. Sun. Oct 2. As it was the first Sunday in the month and communion Sunday, there were no church services here. Grace and I went to the Baptist church in town. Heard Dr. Sampson of Buffalo preach on Rom 11-33. Rode into town and walked back. Sermon not as good as Dr. Taylor's of last week. In the afternoon wrote letters and went to Y.W.C.A. in the evening. Mon. Oct.3. Lessons and study of course. Tue. Oct. 4. Went rowing with Miss Higman. (Nellie) The lake was lovely. My easy day, but did not accomplish as much as I expected. 5 Fri. Oct. 7 Lessons all the week of course. Yesterday I had an extra German translation to write because I had not written the right one. Two hours wasted. Had to stay away from prayer meeting. Wednesday is my day for ex. with Miss Peckham. We tried to get a boat but failed as they were all full of water, so went to the orchard instead. Got some good apples. Thursday ex.ed with Miss Freeman. Took a long walk to Sunrise Hill by the glen path and back by the laundry. Wednesday received an invitation to the C.A. reception to be given tonight, from Miss Childs. Accepted. Our table in the dining room has been decreased by the transfer of Miss Barneth. She was extremely interesting. I took a strange dislike to her on the St. car coming to the college. She is rather ill mannered. (or rather lacks polish) Her table manners are not perfect. Our table now is very pleasant. Miss Underhill, assistant Librarian, sits at the head. She is very pleasant, but quiet & hard to talk to. Grace sits on her left. Next Miss Brown, a freshman from Brooklyn, then after a vacant place,6 Miss Freeman, the Misses Higman, Miss Learned, Miss McCauley, Miss Mary Howett and myself. I sit next Miss Underhill on the right. Miss Howett is very talkative and witty and we have excellent times. The maid who waits on our table is an old woman who smiles a great deal. Miss Howett smiles at her occassionally and she comes directly to see what she wants. She hurries around so that Miss H. suggested that we call her "the hustler". We found out that the girls last year called her "Smiley" so now she is "Smiley the Hustler". Sun. Oct. 9 Spent yesterday forenoon in clearing drawers, etc except one half hour's ex. with Grace on the lake. Our stroke is very different but we shall soon learn to row together well, I think. After lunch we went out for a walk. Came back through the orchard and got some apples. Grace walked to town and back with Miss Foster, her senior friend. I spent the after-noon digging into German, except about one-half hour spent in going with Miss Peckham to the flower garden. She gave me some beautiful flowers. Spent the evening on German and Mathematics. Hope I am "caught up" on German. But I am forgetting last Friday evening. 7 Miss Childs came for me about eight o'clock, and we went to the Gym, where the reception was held. Met Miss Barry, Latin teacher, who was also to be escorted by Miss Childs. Miss C. is a New York girl, and I should think a child of very wealthy parents. She told Miss Barry and I of her Summer home on Long Island where they frequently entertained thirty guests at one time. It must be delightful. We were fully twenty minutes in getting from the hall to the place where Miss Croft and Mrs. Kendrick received. The crowd was immense. There were fully five hundred there. We afterward went upstairs where there was dancing, then down to have our ice cream, then up again to listen to the glee club, which sang the College songs. Ther girls sang very well together. Our verse was "Who than our "Prix. more noted? Who than our "fac." more wise? Than our "alum." more quoted For wit and anterprise?" Came home about ten o'clock, tired but had spent a very pleasant evening. Yesterday Grace and I went out directly after lunch for ex. Went to the orchard after apples and then to the lake for a short row. We will soon be able to row together quite well, I think. We also took a walk after breakfast for half 8 Saturday Oct. 9 1892 an hour. The rest of the forenoon was spent in making the curtains to the book-shelves and clearing up the rooms. After lunch, after our row, Grace and Miss Foster, her senior friend, walked to town. I studied German all the afternoon except a half hour about five o'clock, when Miss Peckham asked me to go with her to pick flowers. She is a member of the floral club. This morning Dr. Richmond Wayland of Philadelphia preached. He is a very tall man, inclined to baldness, with dark hair sprinkled with gray, a short beard and is altogether a very peculiar appearing man. He read as the scripture lesson Mark VI 34-45. His text was from I Timothy 2-5 "The Man Christ Jesus". He preached an excellent sermon on Christ as a man. After lunch, Miss Durant, a former room mate of Grace called. As Grace was out, she did not stay long. Wed. Oct. 12. Yesterday had to go & make appointment for physical exam. Am to go next Tuesday. Today learned that we were to go to Lake Mohonk on an excursion. Mr. Thompson, who has given the new Library, gives the excursion each year at a cost of about $500. Freshmen and seniors go Sat. next. "Rah for Mr. Thompson. The Y.W.C.A. missionary meeting was held tonight instead of 9 tomorrow, as usual. Mr. Forman a young missionary from India spoke to us on the need of workers in the foreign field. He returns to India Saturday. Sat. Oct. 15. Last night the Republicans held a mass meeting and parade in the halls and lecture room and the Democrats a meeting in Philalethian hall addressed by Prof. Whitney and others. The Republicans formed on first south and marched upward. There were two hundred ten girls in the parade, dressed fantastically and carrying all sorts of banners. Miss Bartlett acted in the capacity of drum major. She was excellent. One banner representing Cleveland at the altar with D.B. and [Taimmany] on each side was comical. "No Free Trade", "McKinley and Protection", "Don't forget to register", were features of the parade while the girls shouted "No! No! No! Free Trade!" The musical instruments comprised banjos, mandolins, and combs. The parade marched to the lecture room where it was addressed by some of the girls and the glee club sang. Some of the songs, composed by the girls, and sung to old tunes were "taking" in the extreme. Each speech and song was vociferously cheered. Studied until nearly ten o'clock and retired. Rose at 5:30 A.M. this (Sat.) morning, dressed, 10 Oct. 15 and went down to breakfast at 6:00. Miss Freeman, Belle, and I rode to Mohonk in a four seated wagon with a girl from S. Carolina, another one named Nellie Stone, Miss Mace, who is a fellow, a senior whose name (Miss Williams) I have forgotten and one other girl, a friend of the senior. Started about 6:20. It was a lovely morning, but quite chilly. We had to wait for the second ferry as there were more than enough wagons to fill one boat. That made us almost a half hour behind the first wagons but we caught up with them. The scenery was beautiful. The Hudson looked beautiful as we crossed the ferry. The hills in their red and yellow robes were georgeous. We could see the mountain near Mohonk a log way off, but the ascent was so gradual that it did not seem high. It is about fifteen miles from Poughkeepsie. We passed throught Highlands, and New Paltz. Saw the New Paltz Normal at a distance. Met Miss Freeman, Belle's sister, and Miss Dennison, a friend of hers and a teacher in the Normal, beyond New Paltz. The were walking to Mohonk 6 miles, to meet Belle. When we had to get out to walk up a hill, they overtook us, and showed us some short cuts. We walked on quite a way, hearing the shouts of the girls below on the mountain and of the parties of Mohonk people who11 Oct. 15 passed us. The girls sang the Vassar song "Hurrah for the rose and the gray". The Mohonk people would shout M-O-H-O-N-K, Mohonk , 'rah, 'rah, 'rah, and the girls would reply with the college yell, 'Rah, 'rah, rah,-'rah, 'rah, 'rah, V-A-S-S-A-R- Vassar. We walked on so far that the wagons, taking another road, got beyond us, and we continued to the Lake. The lake is not large, but clear as crystal and its waters were of a deep green color. It is very deep, in some places has never been sounded. The cliffs rise abruptly from its shores, so that it may be said to have no beach. The Mohonk Lake House is built upon the rock without blasting the rock, and nestles among the irregularities in a very picturesque manner. It is unobtrusive in color and is not like a Summer hotel usually is. The little summer houses that dot the landscape are quaint and charming. They are of diverse shapes, rustic, and have thatched roofs. We had lunch soon after our arrival. Saw ex-President Hayes. Belle met him, but did not get a chance to present me. After lunch we invested in some views12 Oct. 15. of Mohonk and went to Sky top. The view is grand, indescribable. Went by the bridge path. There is another way, through a narrow cliff in the rocks called the Labyrinth, but that was longer and as we had little time, we did not take it. We then went to the Eagle cliff and beyond to Artist's rock. Eagle cliff tower affords a grand view of the surrounding country, as does the Artist's rock. On one side the Lake, like an emerald, and beyond it rocks piled in fantastic masses, high cliffs affording strange profiles. One of the strangest of these, seen from Eagle cliff path, is called the "Old Man of the Mountain". It is a perfect human profile. On the other side of the tower the country stretches away, hill beyond hill, the Catskill melting away into the sky in the distance. The "traps" in the middle ground are quaint in shape. Returned to the hotel in time to depart for Vassar at 2:45. The day seemed much too short. The ride home was beautiful. Left Miss Freeman & Belle and Miss Dennison, at New Paltz. Took the 5:15 ferry and reached home at 6:20. Had to stop in town and wait for some of the girls to do some shopping. Not as tired as expected to be. Studied all the evening. On a clear day from Sky Top six different states can be seen - New York, New Jersey, Vermont, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts.13 Oct.16. Heard Bishop Spaulding of Denver Col. preach from Luke 14-10 this morning. Episcopal service. He is quite an old man, looks something like Rev. Freeman without the pleasant expression. Did not like him very well. Oct. 23. Went to prayer meeting Thursday evening. Miss Parker lead. Didn't like the meeting as well as those at home or in Elmira. They are not bright but dull. The Juniors and Sophomores went to Mohonk yesterday. Grace did not go. She and I took a walk for ex. and rowed some. We are getting so we can row together quite well. Miss Peckham took me to the flower garden and gave me some flowers. Arranged them. Miss Freeman had two baskets of grapes come Saturday. She has been very generous to Grace and I. Mary Lynch has slept with Grace Friday and Saturday evenings and is coming tonight. Wrote to Emma and Ora today, good long letters. Heard Rev. Dr. Marion Vincent of14 New York preach this morning. His text was Rom. I-14. He preached a grand sermon. One thought which he emphasizes was "I can therefore I must", our obligation to the world. He looked very much like S.C.Keeler. Went down to Belle's room after prayer meeting tonight. Oct. 30. Last Monday Miss Green gave us a lecture in Latin class about taking cuts and studying when we ought not. In consequence I have not done so this week. Have gotten along just as well and felt very much better. Shall continue so doing, for the present at least. Monday Belle Freeman, Nellie Higman and I took a long walk to Sunrise Hill. We came back across the fields, after asking an old woman to direct us. Tuesday we three went to Richmond Hill for hickory nuts. Got a few. Organized the "Rambler's Club". Saw a cow of which Nell was afraid & Belle too so I had to drive it up the hill before they would pass it. Rowed with Miss Peckham Wednesday, and alone Thursday. Friday Belle and I rowed part of the time and then went to the museum. The statues and paintings are grand. A statue of Venus de Melos and one of Apollo Belvedere are those which I particularly admire. Belle liked best15 a collosal head of [J...]. Saw also the Laocoon, and the dead Christ by Michael Angelo. Two of the paintings, water colors by Turner with pencil sketches of dogs by Landseer about 12 X 8" cost $500 each. There were innumerable beautiful paintings but we had little time and it was getting dark. Went through the Museum hastily. Saw the mummy of a Patagonian. It was a shriveled brown horrible looking thing. There was also a head, I think from S. America or Australia, from which the skull had been removed by some secret process & the features preserved. It was about the size of my fist. The hair was long. It is very rare. Saw also many rare things. Yesterday we had the privilege of seeing and hearing Rev. John Peyton the man who for nearly thirty-five years has been a missionary in the New Hebrides. He is a man of medium height, has snow white beard and hair which gleams in its silvery whiteness almost like snow. It is beautiful. He has searching black eyes and a personality which strikes one as that of a thoroughly consecrated man. He talked in a very interesting manner of his work in the New Hebrides. He showed us one idol to which the natives sacrificed their babies. It was 16 a hideous black head with arms and hands clasping an infant's head which it was carrying to its mouth. He also showed us some small smooth stones which were used as idols. This morning wet to Dr. Trise's lecture of course. Heard of scientific discourse by Dr. Townsend of Boston University from Romans 8-19, I. Cor. 3-22,23. Did not like it as a sermon very well. He is a peculiar looking man with dark eyes, hair and a beard which covers all the lower part of his face, being parted in the middle at the chin. This afternoon at 4:45 heard Bishop Hare of S. Dakota talk on the Indian problem. He is excellent and gave a very good idea of the needs and spiritual state of the Indian. Heard Dr. Townsend was a Methodist. Nov. 1. Last night was Hallowe'en, which fact was celebrated according to the long established Vassar custom, by the Sophomores playing a joke of the Freshmen, and the Juniors on the Seniors. The Junior committee dressed up an old women, putting prunes all over her dress, and prisms in her hand and were about to place her in the Senior parlor at midnight when they were met by a deputation of the senior class. Much disconcerted they retreated leaving the figure of the woman "to represent us" as they said, thus17 turning the joke upon themselves. The Freshmen heard that the Juniors were to place mock diplomas tied with green ribbon at their plates at dinner, so the whole class stayed away from dinner. The Sophs. tied their diplomas then upon the door knob. They were very unique, being [invitations] of diplomas written in a mixture of Latin and Enlish, conferring the degree of A.B (artless babies) upon the Freshmen. McKinley spoke in Po'Keepsie yesterday at 2:00 P.M. Grace went to hear him, but I had a class and could not. Nov. 6. The girls of the Senior class sent a communication to the Juniors saying they had adopted the maid of the prunes and prisms into their class as an honorary member. Yesterday Belle and I went down town in the afternoon to do some shopping. We had Charlotte Russe at Smith's. Friday evening the Juniors gave a party to the Sophomores, and Saturday at 4:30 the Seniors gave a tea to the Freshmen. Went to Bible class this morning. As it is the first Sunday of the month18 there was no service in the chapel. Niether Grace or I went to town. Last night I called on Miss Mann. Met her two Junior room-mates. Had a very pleasant call. Nov.10. Went to prayer meeting this evening. Miss Bartlett lead. I do not enjoy the meetings here as at home. 12. Belle Freeman and I went to town this morning soon after breakfast. Got a gas stove and a basin to make cocoa. Studied in the afternoon. Grace went to town to make some calls with Miss Foster. Worked a little before dinner on Edna's slippers. They will be very pretty. They are pink and gray. Studied some after dinner. Grace and I took a cut. Made some cocoa. 9 Went to W.C.T.U. after dinner & before Chapel. Heard account of Frances Willard and rec'd a souvenir in the shape of a quotation from F. Willard enclosed in the gilded shell of an English Walnut and tied with a narrow white ribbon. 11 Had Prof. [Druman] in Rhet. for the first time. Drew his picture. Heard a concert by the Beethoven Quartette of New York city. It consisted of first and second violin, viola & violincello. It was grand beyond anything I had ever heard. 13 Heard a very good sermon by Rev. Dr. DeForest of 2n Conj. Ch. Detroit, Mich. this morning. His text was I John 5, 21-22. Went to an organ recital at 9:00 P.M. Miss Young called this afternoon, and Miss Morrissy19 while I was at Belle's this evening. Mon. Nov. 14. Went with Belle & Nellie Higman for ex. Took a long walk and got some apples and hickory nuts. Was gone two hours. Tue. Nov. 15. It rained so did not go out doors. Made some candy my ex. hour. Belle was up. My home letter said Mr. Shearer was buried Sunday. Wed. Nov. 16. Another rainy day. Mrs. Kendrick, Lady Principal, called this evening. Grace was out and I in my wrapper. She is very pleasant. Studied until nearly ten. Work for tomorrow and Friday is hard. Thu. Nov. 17. Had Miss Nettleton in Rhetoric, Miss P. joined Chris. Assoc. was ill, I think. The weather is very warm and pleasant. Went to row for my ex. this P.M. Took a short walk with Miss Morrissy after breakfast. Sent to Wanamakers for some visiting cards. They were $1.50 for 50 + plate. Fri. Nov. 18. Did not ex. today. Had to write a theme after Rhet. as mine was lost, so did not have time. Went down to Belle's room after chapel. Went to the Lecture with her and Nell Higman. The lecture was by Mr. Percy Reese of Baltimore on "Early Christian Rome and the Catacombs", illustrated by stereopticon. It was fairly good but I have heard better and seen better views. Grace did not go. After I returned I made a cup20 of cocoa which we drank before going to bed. Sat. Nov. 19. Studied German all the A.M. After lunch studied Latin and went for ex. with Miss Foster and Grace. Returned and studied Latin until dinner time. Read a little in Hypatia after dinner. Went out from chapel as early as possible, rushed directly to the Gym to secure seats for the "Hall play". Got an excellent seat. Held it for Grace, the Higman girls and Abbie Learned. The play was "Sunlight and Shadow". It was, for the most part, well acted. The best characters were "Helen" and "Maud" the Dr's. daughters, and "Adolphus Barnfield". The vocal solos between the acts were excellent and heartily encored. Had a cup of cocoa after our return home, and retired. Belle did not attend the play. Stayed home and studied. Sun. Nov. 20. Wrote my letters this P.M. Dr. True preached this A.M. Dr. Hill of Rochester was going to but could not. Went to the Reading Room between breakfast and Bible class and after dinner. Read a series of articles in the Mag. of Christian Lit. by Arch Bishop Farrar on London Charities. They treated of the Salvation Army, Dr. Bernands's homes, and the Royal Polytechnic Institute. The text of Dr. True's sermon was St. John IV 29. Good sermon. This P.M. Miss Chase a teacher of Packer who is visiting a Senior here, sung in the chapel. 21 She sings beautifully. This P.M. there was no chapel but Miss Wood a Vassar Alumna who is connected with the College Women's settlements spoke to the girls. It was a very interesting talk. A chapter is to be established here. Mon. Nov. 21. Had an oral exam in Germ. this A.M. It was very easy. Nell H. and I were going to Boardman place but it rained so Nell came up the 6th hr. and stayed most of the P.M. She dressed a doll for the C.A. and I drew a pattern of oak leaves on a glove case I am going to paint for Grace. Studied Latin all the evening. Tue. Nov. 22. Studied part of the A.M. Painted for one hour on the glove case, and again an hour this P.M. Had an exam in Rhet. this P.M. Not hard but long. Took a walk with Belle just before dinner. Last night Grace received an elegantly bound Whittier from a friend. I do all my painting in Belle's room so Grace shall not know it. Wed. Nov. 23. Grace decided this morning to go to her cousin's at West Stockbridge. She will start at 4:00 P.M. A good many of the girls are going away to spend Thanksgiving. College closed at noon. Belle went to visit her sister at New Paltz. Grace and22 I went down town. I did some trading and she went to the depot after doing a little shopping herself. I got some photos of the college buildings for Emma, Ora and Delia for Christmas, and one of Dr. Taylor for myself. I came back alone, and was reading (about 5:00) when there came a knock at the door. I opened it and there was - Grace. She found she could not reach W.S. before midnight so came back. Will go tomorrow noon. This evening we went to the library for an hour, finished reading Hypatia and made candy. It was a date candy and very good. Thu. Nov. 24. Breakfast at 8:00 this morning. Grace and I took Miss Foster some candy, & selected a book to read aloud. Got "That Lass o'Lowrie by Frances Hodgson Burnette. Had short service in chapel conducted by Dr. Taylor. Went for a walk with Grace before she went to West STockbridge. Came back and ate lunch in my room with Miss Foster. Lunch was provided at breakfast to be taken to our rooms. Went Went with her for a walk afterward and to the Reading room. Had dinner at 3:30 P.M. Miss Foster having invited me to sit at her table, I did so. Miss Kirscher (:) a senior, Abbie Learned, Miss McConley, Miss Haughwit, Miss Williams ('93), Miss Bishop and two others whose names I don't know, were there also. We had an excellent dinner and a good time. Left the dining room at 6:00. The Winsor girls23 were all here. Miss Bishop called in the evening and I went with her to the reception in the College parlors. Dr. and Mrs. Taylor received. Had a very pleasant time. Met Miss Madieria, president of Class of '96 of whom Miss Chase spoke. She is very pleasant. Had ice cream and fancy cakes. Fri. Nov. 25. Got up at 7:30. After breakfast spent some time in changing the furniture in the room. Painted Grace's glove case, after lunch sewed on buttons, fixed my dress etc. This evening called on Fraulein Neef. Had a very pleasant call. Have studied Latin and German since. Sat. Nov. 26. Went and got my Gym hours. They ar Tue. and Wed. mornings and Fri. afternoon. Gyms commence Monday. Darned stockings, took the ruffle off my red dress and studied. About 4:00 o'clock Belle F. brought me an express package which she found in the lower hall for me. It was a box of lovely candy from Elmira. Grace returned from West Stockbridge about 5:30. Sun. Nov. 27. Had no Bible lecture this morning. Not all of the girls are back yet. Episcopal service. Rev. Hart, rector of St. Marks, Rochester, preached. It was a good sermon. Text St. Math. v-I. Praise so nice in the evening. Mon. Nov. 28. Snowed a little today. Still snowing at bed time. 24 Tue. Nov. 29. Quite a little snow on the ground this morning and still snowing. Had Gyms for the first time this morning. Think I shall like the work fairly well. Wed. Nov. 30. Went to Gym 1st hour. We have not been able to get any steam at all today and are most frozen. Thu. Dec. 1. The weather is warmer, but the snow has not all melted yet. Stayed to prayer meeting after Chapel. Fri. Dec. 2. Philaleathean day. Classes all the forenoon. Dinner at 12:30. Studied most of the afternoon. Went to room A for lunch at 5:00 P.M. Belle, Grace and I ate it in our room. Had a cup of cocoa with it. Went with Belle to the lecture in the Chapel. It was by F. Hopkinson Smith. He toook us "under the white umbrella" to Spain, Holland, Venice and Mexico. The talk was witty and interesting. He is noted as an artist, writer, lecturer and story teller. After the lecture the orchestra, stationed in the rear of the gallery, played, as they had, also, before the beginnig of the program. The glee club sang before the opening address which was made by the Pres. of Phil., Miss Whitcomb. The chapel was very prettily decorated with palms and wreaths of smilax. The girls who had gentlemen with them went in the main hart of the chapel while the girls who were alone or with other girls went to the gallery. The girls in light or bright colored evening dresses made25 chapel and gallery look very bright and pretty. The halls, lecture room and dining room were cleared and very prettily decorated with palms, drapery and furniture from the girls' rooms. All the building except the dormitories was thrown open to visitors. On second floor where the orchestra was stationed and the promenade took place, there were two little lemonade stands where lemonade was served during the evening. On third, bouillion and sandwiches were served directly after the lecture, and later during the evening, coffee, ices and cakes. Belle and I had several promenades, took refreshments and came to our rooms a little before 11:00 P.M. Sat. Dec. 3. Studied during the forenoon. Grace and I went to town during the afternoon. Went directly after lunch and came back about 4:00. Did some Christmas shopping and had an ice-cream at Smith's. Studied a little before dinner. Helped Belle on Mathematics during the evening in consequence of which I have not all of my Latin for Monday. Decided to go home Christmas. Sun. Dec. 4. Grace did not go to breakfast, so brought her some. We both cut Bible Lecture and are not going to Church. Wrote letters, read Lowell's poems with Belle and read The Prophet of the Great Smoky Mountain by Chas. Egbert Craddock (Miss Murfree). Grace did 26 not go to dinner so took her some. She forgot to dress (was reading) until too late. Miss Learned & Miss McCauley called this evening & stayed quite a long time. It was a lovely day, bright and pleasant and not too cold. Mon. Dec. 5. Grace had a cold and did not go to Gym so we took ex. together. Had a very pleasant walk. Tue. Dec. 6. Made and important decision. Hope it can be carried out. Wed. Dec. 7. Had a cut in Hygiene. Thu. Dec. 8. Had a very interesting missionary talk after Chapel by Miss Helen Richardson of the Woman's Refuge in Bombay. She was a short, dark, square-faced English woman, dressed in deep mourning and talked very earnestly. Fri. Dec. 9. Had a lecture on Democracy this evening by Dr. Wilcox of Princeton College. We were obliged to make an analysis of it for Rhetoric, so I did not enjoy it very much. Dr. Wilcox is rather a young man, has smooth face and very black hair & eyes. Went with Belle. Grace got her dress today and a box of hickory nuts & some apples. Had first class work in Gym. Sat. Dec. 10. Worked on German this A.M. and Latin this P.M. Made out travelling list. Seems like going home. Sun. Dec. 11. Had an excellent sermon on I.Cor. 9-25 by Rev. Raymond Presbyterian of Albany. Had to make and analysis for Rhetoric. Was difficult to analyse. This evening heard and excellent decription of the slums of New York, illustrated by 27 stereopticon, by Mr. Riis author of "How the Other Half Lives". It was very pathetic and interesting. He spoke of Kings Daughters' and other work among the poor. Mon. Dec. 12. Miss Green was ill, so we had a written lesson in Latin. Not very hard but I am afraid I did not do well. Tue. Dec. 13. Miss Green still ill, had a cut in Latin. Went to Belle's room & worked on glove case most of P.M. Wed. Dec. 14. Winsor girls go tomorrow. Miss Brown came up and I showed her about making some slippers. Thu. Dec. 15. Another cut in Latin. Fri. Dec. 16. Cut in Latin again. Lecture this evening on Southern Literature by Mr. James Allen of Louisville, Ky. He was tall and thought himself very graceful. Struck the most imposing attitudes, but failed to interest his audience. Met with Grace & set in gallery. Sat. Dec. 17. Worked all the morning on German, except the time I was finishing the glove case. In the afternoon worked an hr. on Latin then finished my story for Rhet. It is a story for boys. Don't particularly like it. The second hall play took place this evening. Went out of chapel early & reserved seats for Grace, Belle, Miss Foster and a friend of hers. It was "Prince Karl" & was very good. Sun. Dec. 18. Had an excellent sermon this morning by C.R. Hemphill of Louisville, Ky. The text was Phil. I-20. Had to make analysis for Rhetoric. The chapel was28 prettily decorated with evergreen wreaths, & a star on the organ, and palms & roses. In the evening (8:30) Belle, Grace and I went together to hear the Christmas music. It was grand, beautiful. Mon. Dec. 19. Finished my story for the magazine. Had Miss Barry in Latin. Tue. Dec. 20. Went to town in the fornoon. In the evening decided to go as far as Rochester with Grace, starting at 8:05 P.M. tomorrow, because I can get home then at 9:08 Thursday morning & cannot before 3:00 P.M. if I go the other way with Miss O'Brien as I intended. Wed. Dec. 21. Had German this morning. Went to see Nell Higman afterward. Miss Brown came up the second hour to bid us good bye. The following is one of the Vassar songs composed by the Pres. of '92, Miss Reed. An institution once there was, Of learning and of knowledge, Which had upon its high brick front A 'Vassar Female College'. The maidens fair could not enjoy Their bread and milk or porridge, For graven on the forks and spoons Was 'Vassar Female College'. Tra la la la, Tra la la la, 'Twas Vassar Female College'. 29 A strong east wind at last came by, A wind that blew from Norwich; It tore the "Female" from the sign That was upon the College. And as the faculty progressed In wisdom and in knowledge, They took the "Female" off the spoons, As well as off the College. Tra la la la, tra la la la It now is Vassar College". In the afternoon Grace and I made fudges and molasses taffy. Started early for the depot and stopped at Smith's for an oyster stew. Train 1/2 hr. late. Started from Po'keepsie about nine. Reached Rochester Thu. Dec. 22. about 4:45 A.M. Grace left about 6:00 and I about 6:30. I reached home at 9:08. Folks not expecting me until later. Grace gave me "Lorna Doones' before we started. Sat. Dec. 24. Went down to Aunt Catharines with Edna in the afternoon. Rec'd a lovely book mark from Alice. Sun. Dec. 25. Christmas. I received a lovely pin & a glass jewel-box from mother. Dicken's "Our Mutual Friend" from father, a white silk neck-handkerchief from Edna. Went to Church and S.S. in the morning. Did not feel well. Could not go in the evening. Mon. Dec. 26. Went to the church to a supper in the evening. Called on Sarah Pike in the afternoon. 30 Dec. 27. Went to express office with Edna and got package from Mr. B. for her. Wed. Dec. 28. Went over to Mary William's to a social in the evening. Thu. Dec. 29. Aunt Het spent the day with us. Fri. Dec. 20. Went down to Aunt Catharine's this evening. Sat. Dec. 31. Went over to Mary Williams with mother. Cora Bailey was there. Sun. Jan. 1, 1893. Went to Church morning and evening & Y.P.S.C.E. Rained all day, a cold rain. Has been very cold ever since I came home, but no snow. Mon. Jan. 2. Lutie Yost came on 3:00 o'clock train, came to our house staid to supper & Mr. Coleman & Mr. Becker spent the evening, going to the Acad. very early. Lute came down on the 6:36 train. Staid until the 12:30. He gave me a very pretty cup, saucer, & plate. Tue. Jan. 3. Started for Syracuse at 11:00. Reached there at 4:00 P.M. Changed at Canandaigua. Found Nellie easily. Wed. Jan. 4. Met Grace and Miss Haughnot on the train in Syr. at 12:35 (ought to have been 12:35 but was 1 hr. 30 min. later). Reached Po'keepsie 45 min late. Went to bed early. Tired. Found an express package containing a pin cushion, two cologne bottles, all pink & gray and a [...] little tea cup & saucer, from Emma. Thu. Jan. 5. Work again. It is hard work too. Sat. Jan. 7. Went to town this P.M. with Belle. Got some skates. Had some ice-cream at Smith's. Came back & went to the rink to skate with Grace & Miss Foster. Sold skates to Miss Brown & am. Made next Sun. elections. 31. 1893 going to buy Miss Learned's club skates. Miss B. was up to our room until 9:00 P.M. Jan. 8. Sun. Heard Rev. Dr. Saunders of New York on Math. 8-27. He has a niece in Freshman class who told him about our having to analyse the sermon so he made it easy of analysis. Jan. 9-11. Nothing unusual happened. Weather cold with snow. Splendid sleighing but no rides. Miss Carbutt, '96, lead the prayer meeting Wednesday evening. Thu. Jan. 12. Snowed so I did not go to skate as I intended. Yesterday spent an hour helping Belle with her Geometry. She wants me to help her until after exams. Fri. Jan. 13. Heard of Anna Sackett Whalen's death. It seems so sad. Went skating for a little while after Rhetoric & Gyms. In the evening attended a lecture on "The Public Schools of England" by Mr. Geo. Fox of New Haven. It was very good. Was illustrated with views of the principle public schools such as Shrewsbury, Eton Rugby, Harrow, and Oxford and Cambridge. The views connected with the colleges however were mostly the boating crews. Had to notice Intro. Concl. & transitions for Rhetoric.32 Sat. Jan. 14. Studied all the A.M. in a desulatory fashion on German. Part of the time was in Belle's room and the rest of the forenoon Annie Brown studied with me. In the P.M. studied Geom. and went to the rink to skate with Miss Morrissy. In the evening studied a little on Latin and went to the Chapel with Grace to hear Miss Chase of Packer sing. It was grand. Sun. Jan. 15. Have carried out my resolution made before the holidays. It was hard, but am glad it is finished. Heard a sermon by Rev. Wm.H. Smith, D.D. a Presbyterian minister of New York. He was not a large man, rather slight, having brown hair, light complexion & light mustach. Rather a young looking man. The sermon was one of the best I have ever heard. It was an impassioned appeal to the unsaved to come to Christ. Grace and I took a short walk late in the P.M. Did not stay to prayer meeting. Wed. Jan. 18 Heard by mother's letter of the death of Annie Sackett Whalen. Fri. Jan. 20. Grace and I attended a piano-recital given by Mrs. Fanny Bloomfield-Geisler. She was dressed in a light blue satin dress with a lace front, sleeves and trimmings on bodice. She had very black hair and eyes, was 33 thin, seemed nervous, and near-sighted. She reminded me when at the piano of Eleanor Burge. She made such queer gestures. Her music was beautiful beyond description. Sat. Jan. 21. Studied Latin Prose this A.M. except the hour before lunch when Grace & I went to the rink and skated. Finished Latin and studied German in the P.M. Miss Peckham and Miss Dillo called in the P.M. Belle Freeman's sister Mary is spending the afternoon & night with her. I called on her between dinner & chapel. Studied some more German & a little Geometry in the evening. Sun. Jan. 22. No chapel this evening. Had a talk on Foreign Missions by Mr. Speers, Sec'y of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Pres. Ch. Grace went to the New Hall to supper with Anna Higman. The sermon this morning was by Bishop Poltes, Pres. of Hobart College. Mon. Jan. 23. One week from today - exams. Attended a lecture (illustrated by stereoptien) by Prof. Van Ingen at 8:30 P.M. It treated of the early growth of art. Tue. Jan. 24. Went down to Annie Brown's room after chapel to "erzahlein" in German. We talked after reading over the translation until the bell rang for the art lecture, which we attended. It was about Dutch Art and very good. 34 Thu. Jan. 26. Belle is sick & was yesterday afternoon. Have taken her meals, made tea for her, went for the doctor, sat with her, ordered meals when I did not take them from the dining room, and tried to do anything I could for her. Fri. Jan. 27. Belle still sick. She went down to dinner however. Had a lecture at 8:00 P.M. by Barrett Wendle of Harvard, on American Literature. It was good but his delivery was poor, voice not good and talked too fast. Sat. Jan. 28. Belle wished me to go to town with her in the afternoon. We went to an occulist, Dr. Dobson, and had to wait a long time. Then I bought some oysters & crackers, and she bought some cookies, cakes, and rolls and we are to have our supper in our room tomorrow night. Belle stayed all night with me as Grace took a cut with Mary Lynch. Sun. Jan. 29. Day of prayer for Colleges. There was a prayer-meeting at 9:00 A.M. I could not go as Mrs. Hendrick thought I had better go to town with Belle to see Dr. Dobson. It was pleasant at 9:00 when we started but sprinkled before we got there. Had to wait a long time, then it took some time to examine Belle's eyes. When we started back it rained hard. The Dr. loaned us an old umbrella. We went over to Main St. and waited a long time for a College car. It was going the wrong 35 way but we took it and soon came back toward the college, which we reached just in time to change our drenched garments for dinner. Belle, Grace and I had supper in our room. Had oyster stew, cocoa, rolls, cookies, cakes and jelly. All tasted very good. We asked Miss Brown to come up and she at first consented but finally refused because of scruples of conscience. Evidently thought we were to have a "spread". Attended a prayer meeting at 5:00 with Grace. No chapel. Mon. Jan. 30. Exam in Rhetoric at 10:45 A.M. Consisted in analysis and comparison of two essays, one on Dickens by Lang, another on Wm Hazlitt by Barrett, which Miss Perry read to us. Went to the rink for a short time this P.M. Attended an Art Lecture by Prof. Van Ingen in the evening. He told of the sketch, "motif", and labor on the picture. Tue. Jan. 31. Exam in Solid Geometry. Hard, but fair. Skated some in the afternoon with Belle. Art Lecture on Michael Angelo in the evening. Wed. Feb. 1. Exam in Latin. Nice exam. Quite hard, but not as hard as I expected. Skated some36 with Belle this P.M. Grace came down after a while and skated too. On coming to my room yesterday noon I found a note asking me to go to Mrs. Kendrick's office. I did so and she gave me a Balcony ($1.00) ticket to the Seidl concert in town Saturday evening. It was presented from the "Good times fund". Belle has one too. Thu. Feb. 2. Exam. in German. Very fair. Skated this P.M. with Belle and Annie Brown. Mrs. Taylor, baby and Mary were at the rink part of the time. Ice on the lake was soft. Skated a little with Miss Kirchner a Senior. Went to prayer-meeting. Miss Stebbins lead. Fri. Feb. 3. Exam. in Hygiene. Met Fraulein Neef in the corridor and she told me I passed a very good paper in German. I could have embraced her. Read Dr. Jeckyll & Mr. Hyde 2 hrs. to Grace in the Museum. Skated some in the afternoon with Belle. Grace stayed all night with Mary Lynch so I had Helen Peckham stay with me. I went over to the Hall and called on Misses Dillow, Broad, Beach and . Made a cup of cocoa just before we retired. Helen thought it delicious. Sat. Feb. 4. Had an interview with Miss Loomis on my last essay at 8:30 A.M. Then Belle and I went to town. Took the car in and seperated. She went to the occulists and 37 I did a little shopping and walked back. In the afternoon went and got my Gym hours, painted our white chair and skated one-half hour with Grace & Belle. Grace made fudges after dinner, thinking to get them done before chapel but as she did not we did not go to chapel. My first chapel cut. Went to the Seidl concert with Belle. It was grand. Grace stayed all night with Mary Lynch and Belle stayed with me. Sun. Feb. 5. Belle did not go down to breakfast. I brought her some bread and butter and made her a cup of cocoa. It was town Sunday and neither Grace or I went to church. I read and destroyed some old letters and wrote a new batch. In the P.M. went over to Helen Peckham's room, then for a walk with Grace and Mary Lynch. In the evening went to the Reading Room for a time after prayer-meeting. Mon. Feb. 6. Begin work again. Paleontology the first hour. We have it in the basement of Art & Music Hall. We have Prof. Dwight. He is an old man. I like him very much. Have German and Latin to the same teacher as last Semester. Tue. Feb. 7. Have four recitations Thursday. Went to Art History (Prof. Van Ingen) for the first time. It is held in38 the Hall of Cacts. Shall like it very much. Grace is in my class. Wed. Feb. 8. Only one recitation, Latin today. Had a lecture by Prof. [Greenough] of Yale. It was illustrated, subject, "Roman Wall Painting". Not very good. Prof. G. is short, has black hair, is bald, black eyes & a peculiar appearance. Thu. Feb. 9. My hardest day, five recitations. Got along very well however. Stayed to prayer-meeting in the evening. Prof. Drennan in Rhet. today. Fri. Feb. 10. Only two recitations today. Went for a short walk with Miss Foster first hour in the afternoon. Had a concert by the pupils in the music class this evening. Miss Cardzdaphner, from away, sang a solo and took the part of the "Lady of Shallot" in a cantatta by that [...] which formed the second part of the program. The whole concert was excellent. Went with Grace. Sat. Feb. 11. Studied all the forenoon. Read some to Grace in the afternoon over at the Museum while she was at work. We are reading "Capt. Blake" by the same author. Wrote [...] in the evening. Sun. Feb. 12. Went to Bible Lecture. We still have Dr. [T...] of Rochester. Had a very good sermon by Rev. Wood of Germantown, Philadelphia. Text Mark I, 37. He was a young looking, smooth faced man. The maid heads of the sermon were somewhat as follows. I. Introduction - (Ways different persons came to Jesus.) - Motions II. Seeking 1.Man always a seeker a.For things b.For knowledge about things c.For knowledge about the creator of things.39 2.Why we should seek Jesus. a.He knows himself. b.He knows us. c.He knows the way of salvation. III.Conclusion - (Exhortation to seek Jesus.) Attended prayer meeting this evening. Had quite a good meeting. It was about "doubts". Dr. Taylor spoke longer than usual and Rev. Wood spoke. Mon. Feb. 13. Helen Peckham stayed all night with me. We took a cut and wrote valentines. I wrote several. One for Grace with the little German poem from Heine "Du list nie eine Blume", one for Mary Haughenout, a parody on Break! Break!, one for Belle Freeman, made in the shape of a Belle, one for Mary Lynch, Miss Henderson, and Miss Peckham. Tue. Feb. 14. Sent my valentines and received three, one from Belle, one from Helen Peckham I am quite sure, and one from Mary Houghenout I think, although she denies it. Wed. Feb. 15. Had a lecture or talk after chapel by Miss Jane Addams, one of the originators of Hull House, Chicago. It was most interesting. She is a woman of medium height, with hair, dark slightly tinged with gray, brushed back from her forehead slightly parted in the middle, and an open, earnest attractive face. I am so glad to have heard her. Thu. Feb. 16. Five recitations. Got very tired. Skated, instead of walking, with Belle. The ice in the rink was 40 watery & inclined to be soft but fairly smooth. Fri. Feb. 17. Was excused from Gyms. & skated with Belle the last hour. We went to the lake and Miss Wood skated with both of us. Enjoyed it so much. Attended a lecture this evening by Prof. Herbert Tuttle of Cornell University. His matter was fairly good, his subject "Rome Aspects of 18th Century History", but his delivery was slow and not good. He is a fine appearing man. Sat. Feb. 18. Studied all the A.M. and part of the P.M. Went for a little over an hour with Grace to the Museum and read "Schouberg. Cotta Family" to her while she worked. Belle came up in the evening & I made taffy and studied Latin. Grace attended a class spread at the Gym. She reported a fine time. Sun. Feb. 19. As the Self-gov't comittee had requested us, we took our Chapel seats in Bible lecture this morning. Had an excellent sermon by Dr. H.M. King of Providence. His text was P2. 36-6, his theme, the Righteousness of God. The following was something like the outline of his sermon. I.Introduction - God is righteous in dealings although sometimes seems not. II.His Righteousness like the mountains. 1. Sublime and powerful. 2. Stable. 3. Restful. (Digression comparing it with the ocean in density of judgement.) 4. Unchanging. III.Conclusion Went to prayer-meeting in the evening. Called on Miss Learned and Houghenout. 41 (Tue. Feb. 14.) This page should have been included under Valentine's day but was forgotten. The Senior girls decorated their tables very prettily for dinner. One had three gilt paper hearts fastened together suspended above it, one had a large red cloth heart, stuffed, and another a cupid about 2 ft or 3 in size above it. At one table the girls all had the head of an arrow projecting from their backs and its shaft from their breasts, thus looking as if it had pierced them. One table was beautifully decorated with similax and violets. The senior girls who received the largest number of valentines is the "Queen of Hearts". Miss Cobb received forty-seven, but a bundle of twenty found Wednesday morning gave Miss Whitcom fifty-six and brought her out ahead. As it was Miss Underhill's mother's birthday she gave her table the treat of ice-cream and fancy cakes for dessert. Anna and Nell Higman were over to dinner. Ther girls gave her, Miss U., a bouquet of carnations. Wed. Feb. 22. A holiday. Studied hard all day except two hours when I read to Grace at the Museum. The girls dressed in colonial costumes for dinner and the tables were decorated except one or two, ours was not. Some had Jerusalem cherry trees, in honor of G.W's tree, one had his picture about six inches in height, dressed in uniform, surrounded with quite small flags fastened in a base, many tables were decorated with red, white and blue, one or two had a hatchet suspended over the table, flowers, candles42 and pretty china were everywhere. One table (3rd senior) had a large caldron in the middle of the table with sticks under it, and a large black cat with bristling fur and raised tail cut from paper suspended over it. At this table the girls were all dressed as witches with black skirts, red capes, tall black hats with a black cat on the peak of each, and each carried a broom, on the first broom was the word Salem. The girl at the second senior table each dressed in colonial costume and had one of the letters of Washington's name on their back, so that when seated the name was spelled. Most of the girls were dressed in costumes. Miss Bartlet as Gen. Lafayette in uniform was fine, one girl represented Geo. III and one an Indian, another Mrs. Gen Putman with curls down each side of her face, several were Geo. W. & many Marthas. After dinner Grace and I went to Room J. for a little while and saw the girls dance. Then we called on Belle, who was sick, and I went to the Gym. to see the tabeleaux but Grace was too tired. They were good and represented "A scene from Evangeline", "The Reception of Marquis de Lafayette", two scenes from "The Stamp Act", "Why Don't you Speak for Yourself John!" "A Dutch Dance". Fri. Feb. 24. Attended a lecture this evening on "Our Currency" by Prof. Tanssig of Harvard. Went with Grace. Had our first written lesson in Art Hist. yesterday. Was only 10 min. long and not hard. 43 Sat. Feb. 25. Studied most of the day. Darned some in the afternoon. Made fudges after dinner. "Cut" chapel to get a good seat at "Trig. Ceremonies" for Grace, Anna H., and myself and then found that the classes could not sit together. The "Trig. Ceremonies" were very good. There was an orchestra of girls dressed in masculine upper garments, which produced strains of entrancing (?) music before and between acts. The entertainment consisted of a play, the scene laid in different parts of the college building. The first scene was in the room of Sophie More (Sophomore) on the 3rd day of Fall term. Sophie returns and finds bare rooms, and then some of the girls rush in and welcome her, college fashion. A freshman, Olivia Lattice Sage-Green, is introduced. Many excellent "hits" are made, especially on the freshman class, who, hearing they were to be alluded to as "green", decided to wear College caps and gowns of bright green. The sophomores learned of this and sent a request to the class not to appear in insignia of class. They wore them until inside the doors, then took them off. Olivia has the cap and gown like that worn by the freshmen. Sophie looks out of the window and sees "the Faculty on wheels", in allusion to the bicycle fad which broke out among the ladies of the faculty last fall. The frantic cries for "Mr. Wheeler" sound natural. The next scene is on 3rd Maid corridor, in front44 of Lecture room. Prof. Elyson (Math) who is in love with Sophie More meets her as she with a glass of milk in hand attempts to take possession of a step ladder. Result, the glass drops & breaks & milk is spilled. A maid comes along with a meal order & while she assists Sophie, Prof. holds the tray. As he is relieved Prof. de Labratoire (Chem.) enters and Sophie departs. Prof. E. declares his love for S. to de L. who, after his departure declares that he will circumvent E. and marry Sophie himself. The third scene is 2nd corridor, Phil. night. Victor Boreall bores Sophie, is introduced to Olivia and they part in a little huff. Mr. Ebenezer Brown Clipping, Sophie's guardian is also introduced. The stage represents the corridor nicely, fire-wall, stairs and all. Mr. Elyson has a dance with Sophie, afterwards Prof. de L. tries in vain to get Sophie to believe something about E. Then, in the College parlor Olivia writes a note to Boreall & seeing him coming, hurriedly rushes out, dropping it. She is seen by Miss Nina Tew, who is concealed behind the curtains. De L. enters, finds note & shows it to Sophie More, who enters as one from Prof. E. to Miss Eighty-seven, one of his old loves. The wording makes her think it his, and as he brings in her name, she is angry. The guardian enters and also becomes very angry. The 3rd Act is Sophie More's room in Exam.45 week. She reads questions in trig. and is overcome. The next scene is in College parlors again. Prof. E. sends his card to S. who has shunned him of late. She appears & he demands an explanation. She refuses, her guardian comes, & on demand of Prof. E. he together with De L. explain charges, which E. denies. Then Olivia & Boreall enter & she claims the note. Nina Terr declares she saw her drop it, E. is cleared, and De L. going out in a passion explodes. Sophie then has to choose whether she will marry E. N.T. says "elections must be in by noon" & S. says "I elect Mathematics". The next scene begins with a dance around a priest wearing a black robe covered with mathematical figures, by some girls in evening dress and an equal number inside huge balls, only head and legs projecting. Then the bridal couple enter and kneeling before the priest repeat the ceremony, promising to take each other "for better or for worse" "in flunks and exams" "in Bible lectures and chapel exhortations", in "tombstone and rice pudding" etc. The whole talk of Prof. E. was full of mathematical phrases and the entire play full of "hits" and "grinds" on Faculty and college. It was very good. Sunday Feb. 26. Had a very good sermon this morning by Dr. Brown of Philadelphia. His text was from Luke 19-5. His sermon was after somewhat46 the following plan. I. Introduction. Zacheus and Christ. II. Man's Human Nature. 1. There is always a best side to it. 2. Christ appeals to the best in man. 3. We may trust to & appeal to it also. III. Conclusion. Let the best in us conquer and trust Him as He trusts us. Fri. Mch.3. Went with Grace to a lecture on "Sociology" by Prof. Dike of Auburndale, Mass., one of the best authorities on Sociological questions and especially on divorce. Sat. Mch. 4. Studied most of the day. Had an essay interview at 3:15 P.M. Miss Nettleton. Went to a Hall play in the evening with Grace. It was "All the Comforts of Home" and very good. Sun. Mch. 5. Went to church in town with Grace. Heard Dr. True. Text Luke 14-18, Acts 10-22. I. "Have me excused". 1. Request of scribes & Pharasus. 2. Request of Sual at first. II. "What wilt thou have me to do, Lord?" 1. Paul's Question. 2. The Christian's Question. III. How the question is asked. 1. Without the disire to follow instructions. 47 2. With a desire to sin as much as allowable. 3. With a true desire of service. IV. Conclusion. Exhortation to follow Christ's commands, giving ourselves wholly to his service. Thu. Mch. 9. Stayed to prayer-meeting. Miss Samson lead subject, "Inward Strength". Fri. Mch. 10. Nothing going on this evening. Mary Lynch was up to study most of the evening. Sat. Mch. 11. Studied most all day. Read Paleon in the Museum for two hours this P.M. Grace was there at work. Grace and I made fudges and taffy in the evening. Mary Lynch was up. We also read "Dou Desiro" by Marion Crawford. Not very great success with our candy. Sun. Mch. 12. No Bible lecture today. Went to Reading Room a while after breakfast. Episcopal service conducted by Rev. Phelps of Wappinger's Falls, a small place near here. The sermon was not particularly brilliant, and the delivery poor. He was a young man, and will probably improve with age. This evening heard Miss Stella Bradford, Pres. of Smith Col. Assoc. for Christian work, talk on the work at Smith. It was very interesting. Wed. Mch. 15. Attended an Art Lecture by Prof. Van Ingen in the chapel this evening. It was on painting. Thu. Mch. 16. Prayer meeting in Lecture room tonight, lead by Miss. Coman. It was much more interesting than in the chapel. Fri. Mch. 17. St. Patrick's day. Several maids wore green ribbons. 48 In the evening was a lecture on "Whittier" by Mr. Horace E. Lendder, Editor of the Atlantic Monthly. He was a friend of Whittier. He is an elderly man with grayish beard and hair and looks like a business man. I did not attend the lecture as I was invited to a "Sugaring Off" at Miss Peckham's room in Strong Hall. It was a very pleasant affair. About twenty-five were there. Mary Lynch staid all night with Grace and I last night and tonight. Miss Moody, one of her roommates has gone home with the scarlet fever, and the other one because her mother is ill. Mary does not like to stay alone, and I think is afraid of the fever. There are three cases and four or five have been sent home. The papers state that there are twenty-five cases and there is quite a great deal of excitement. Sat. Mch. 18. Finished my essay for next week. Studied. Went to the last Hall Play in the evening with Grace and Mary Houghenout. Went early and got seats for them. It was "On Probation" and very good. The parts of Jonathan Silsbie by Miss Hastings and Lenhor Pedro Oliveira Y' Duarez by Miss Cobb were especially fine. Mary Lynch also staid tonight with Us. I got some oranges thes P.M. and we ate one each just before we went to bed, sat and talked until nearly 11:00 P.M. Sun. Mch. 19. Had no Bible class. At church had and extremely beautiful solo by Miss Perkins, an old girl who was here last night also & sang between acts at Hall play. Rev. Smythe of Hew Haven preached a very interesting49 sermon. Text was Heb. 11-13. I. Introduction (Greeting from Afar.) II. Greeting promises. 1. From near. 2. From afar. (Ex. polititian and statesman. Light of near Dec. light prevents seeing stars above.) III. Aspiration. 1. 2. IV. Faith. 1. What is it? 2. Effects. V. Conclusion. The chapel was prettily decorated with evergreens, potted daisies, and Easter Lillies. Thu. Mch. 23. Last recitation before vacation as College closes tomorrow at 3rd hr. Grace goes tomorrow. Mary Lynch is still staying with us nights. Fri. Mch. 24. Went to the depot with Grace and to town with Belle in the P.M. We went to a little art store down town where they had quite a few casts, some very pretty. Mary Lynch is to stay with me nights. We took a long cut to read. Sat. Mch. 25. Belle Freeman has gone to Albany to meet Mr. Miller who is to stay with her this week. Sun. Mch. 26. Went with Helen Peckham, Miss Henderson, Ernist Bush, Barnes, Dillow and an other girl to the Quaker church in the city. Had a very good talk50 by a man who looked very much like Mr. Burris. Walked home and it was very muddy. Mary staid in the room all day with a badly swollen face, caused by "La Freckla". Mon. Mch. 27. Went with Belle & Mr. M. to the Museum and Hall of Casts in the A.M. Read & wrote two letters in the P.M. Miss Pierce was up in the evening. Miss Foster called. Mary and I made fudges. They were good. Went down and took Belle a cup of cocoa after she was in bed and asleep. Tue. Mch. 28. Took a short walk in the morning, painted some sweet peas on a slate in the afternoon, then called on Miss Odell. IN the evening Mary, Miss Pierce and I made molasses candy and made a candle shade of pink paper for Mary. Wed. Mch. 29. Got a letter from Grace this A.M. Finished my white shawl. Had worn it before. Spent the evening with Miss Pierce & Mary L.in Mary's room and took quite a long walk. Did Art Hist. in the P.M. Thu. Mch. 30. Mended during the forenoon. Went to Room J a little while in the evening. Miss McCampbell called with some peppermint candy in the evening as I finished washing my hair. She was alone in her room & so staid quite a long time. I made fudges afterward. Belle went to the theatre with Mr. M. Came up and staid all night with me. Did not get here until about 11:00. I had made fudges earlier in the evening. Fri. Mch. 31. Went to town in the afternoon. Walked both ways. Read some. Miss Pierce came up in the evening and staid a long time. Belle staid all night with me as Mary is still in town. Sat. Apr. 1. Wrote some letters, one to Dr. Ball. Mary L. came in from 51 town this A.M. but is going back. Miss Pierce & I spent most of the afternoon in her room with her. In the evening I made orange taffy and fudges. Lucy Pierce came up after ten O'clock. Belle staid all night with me. Sun. Apr. 2. Went to the Baptist church. Met Nell Higman just after I started and walked in and out with her. Prof. Braeq preached. He preached an excellent Easter resurrection sermon. His text was Math. 28-7. I. Introduction. II. Effect of Resurrection. 1. In Art. 2. In Poetry. 3. In History. III. The Resurrection. 1. Triumph of Good over Evil. 2. The Apostles always preached the resurrection. 3. A proof of our resurrection. IV. Conclusion. In the evening went to the Reading Room where Miss Foster asked me to go to the service in the Lecture Room with her. After that I went to her room and staid until nearly 9:30. Belle staid all night with me. Mon. Apr. 3. As I was waiting for the mail Nell Higman asked me if I did not want to take a tramp and as I did, Miss Henry, Nellie and I started at about 9:15. We walked to the ferry (about 3 mi.) took the ferry across the river, then went by a winding, round about road to Highland Station (about 2 mi.) then started to West Park. We walked 52 about four miles then took a short, steep path to the river and came by the R.R. track to the ferry. Then we took the ferry to P., took the car to Arlington and walked out to the college. We walked between 12 and 14 miles. Got to the college just in time to take a bath before dinner. In Highland we bought some crackers and cheese for our lunch & asked the clerk in the store how far it was to W.Park. He told us 4 mi. A little farther on we asked a boy and he told us 4 mi. or 4 1/2. One or two women told us 3 mi. or 3 to 4. At last it grew to 4 or 5 and we knew we had walked 4 miles from Highland. Mary Lynch said she had been up 7 or 8 times for me during the day without finding me. I went to her room about 8:00 o'clock after Belle had finished making fudges in my room for Mr. Miller, and staid all night with her. We did not go to bed until about 11:00 P.M. Lucy Pierce was in, in the evening & staid until almost that time. Tue. Apr. 4. Mary did not get up to breakfast but I did. The girls said Nell was very tired & Miss Henry said she was, but I do not feel badly at all. Walked to town and back in the afternoon. Grace came on the 4:00 o'clock train. Had a tood time, she says. Wed. Apr. 5. At work again. I only have Latin on Wednesdays and as Miss Green has not returned we had a cut in that. Had only Gyms. in all day. Nell Higman and I went nearby to Cedar Ridge just before lunch. Late to lunch in consequence. New library opened today for the first. Thu. Apr. 6. Another cut in Latin but a lesson to prepare. Mrs. 53 Kendrick had the prayer-meeting, subject "Love". Fri. Apr. 7. Belle, Grace and I went together to hear Paderewski. Our seats were not together. I sat near Miss Young. I never appreciated music so much before. It was grand. I never thought there was so much music in a piano. I can see now what is meant by a musician's interpreting the feeling of the composer. Paderewski seems to me, when compared with the others I have heard, like an excellent elocutionist compared with a stumbling reader in a reading class in a country school. He responded to several encores. I am so glad to have heard him. This year, and indeed my whole life, seems full of blessings. Sat. Apr. 8. Studied most of the day without accomplishing as much as I ought. Had a snow storm last night and several thunder-storms today. Weather quite warm in the P.M. In the evening went down to get the German from Miss Phinney and stayed a long time. Then copied it, took my book down to Annie Brown and staid there until 9:35. When I returned Grace was in bed. Sun. Apr. 9. Had an excellent sermon today by of Atlanta, Ga. His text was Col. 2-9, 10. I. Intro. 1. Animals & vegetables form equation with their constituents. 2. Man does not. II. Completion of Man. 1. Christ an atmosphere. 54 2. Christ vs. Religion. 3. Christ solves of all problems. 4. Christ all in all. 5. We never outgrow Christ. III. Conclusion. (I omitted to describe Paderewski in the proper place and will do so here. He is a trifle above medium height, rather slender, has a slight, brown mustache and long auburn (almost red) hair. His hands are very small for a man and fairly fly over the keys. His manner is not at all affected. He plays entirely without notes, and seems to forget himself while playing. He responded very kindly to encores, but seemed bored by applause. I have heard that he was married when quite young but soon lost his wife, and is now engaged to a young girl who has not yet come out in society.) Belle and I took a walk after dinner. Went up on Sunset Hill and sat down on the bench there. We each told the story of our life as we might imagine it to be. Mon. Apr. 10. Had my second physical exam. Have gained in everything, especially chest expansion and strength of legs. Wed. Apr. 12. Had an illustrated art lecture on the galleries of Europe. Went with Grace and Mary Lynch. Fri. Apr. 14. My birthday. Twenty-three today. It does not seem possible. Got a letter from home stating a box was 55 on the way. Got the box in the afternoon. It contained a very pretty dress of printed muslin from Edna and mother and some cake and cookies. I also received a lovely bunch of carnations from Grace. After chapel I had Mary Lynch and Belle Freeman come up and Florence Foster came in and we had a cup of cocoa and some cake. All thought it delicious cake. Belle, Grace, Miss Foster and I attended a concert together. It was a recital by Prof. Bowman and Mr. Sauvage. The organ music by Prof. Bowman was grand and the vocal music by Mr. Sauvage was excellent too. His son played his accompaniments. Took Miss Henderson some cake when I returned her spoons which I had borrowed. Sat. Apr. 15. It rains. Studied in A.M. Went to town with Belle in the P.M. It rained part of the time we were in town. Studied in Belle's room until 9:15 in the evening. Then came up & made fudges. Mary L. was up. Sun. Apr. 16. Heard Rev. Mr. Beckwith of , Maine, preach this morning. Text was John I. I. Introduction. Character of Peter. 1. Before he became a "man of rock". 2. After he became a "man of rock". II. Change of name & change in character. 1. In several Bible characters. 2. Possible in all characters. 56 3. Christ sees good in all warrant change. 4. To see faults necessary to effect change. 5. Change possible by the power of God. III. Exhortation to change by the help of that power. Tue. Apr. 18. Belle and I walked to town & back last hour in the afternoon. Late to dinner. Wed. Apr. 19. Belle and I again walked to town and back in the afternoon. Thu. Apr. 20. Attended prayer-meeting with Grace. Miss Jones talked on Robert Moffat & his work in S. Africa. Fri. Apr. 21. No more Gyms. Hurrah for Ex. out of doors. Sat. Apr. 22. Nellie Higman and I started a little after nine o'clock for flowers. We had a lunch which the housekeeper of the Strong, "Mrs. Barbour", gave Nell. We took the ferry to Highland and then walked about two miles, perhaps more, up the track, climbing the hills for flowers. We found hepatica, blood-root and a great deal of Dutch-man's breeches. Got back to the ferry at 2:15 and walked from the city home, taking the car from the ferry up into the city. Had a lovely time. After dinner took Miss Underhill some flowers & stayed until chapel time. Miss Learned, who is a member of Beta, could not go to the social meeting tonight so asked Grace to go in her place & take Belle and me. We enjoyed it, though I was never in 57 such a crowd in my life. The play was "The Blue & the Crimson", composed by Miss E.K. Adams. It is a college play and very good. Sun. Apr. 23. Had Dr. Riggs first Bible Lecture. It was very good. Dr. Riggs is from Auburn Theological Seminary. It was on John XIV. He is fine. The sermon was by Dr. Gregg of Brooklyn. It was on the differences of position in Heaven. The text was I. Cor. 3. 14-15. He holds that there is a difference, not in social position exactly, but in capability of enjoyment, and in the brightness of the crowns of the saints, that while eternal life is the gift of Christ, by faith in Him and by grace, that the reward will be porportional to the goodness of the person while on earth. He reasons from analogy and from the scriptures. While I agree with him in the main, I do not believe, as he seemed to, that we should strive for reward. A Japanese, Mr. Narusee [(?) am not sure about the spelling, that is how it sounds] spoke to us this evening at 7:30, on the Progress of Christianity in Japan. He gave a very interesting talk. Wed. Apr. 26. Between dinner and chapel Mrs. J. Wells Champney, whose daughter is in the Freshman class, addressed the students on the subject of the Messiah Home in New York. Mrs. Champney is quite a prominent writer and her husband is an artist. She spoke58 of the origin of the work, it being stated by the girls of a S.S. class in Dr. Crozier's church (the church of the Messiah) who wished to do something to help the children. They made fancy articles and held a fair at which they made $600. They then made their mothers directors of a day nursery, which was not a success because it was not what was needed in that part of the city. Out of this grew the home for children whose mothers had to work and could not care for their children. The mothers now pay $1.00 per week for their children's board, the board really costing about $3.25. There are 34 children in the home and over 100 applicants. The directors desire to enlarge accomodations. At 8:00 o'clock I attended a spread given by Miss Gallaher in Miss Scott's parlor. Misses Scott, Moore, Albright, Ethridge, Thornton, Perley, Bainbridge, Latham, Jarnagin, Strait (Specials) & Miss Cobb, (senior) were there. We had a conversation party, then (Smith's) ice cream & fancy cakes were served, and we had to depart soon after, having spent a delightful evening. Thu. Apr. 27. Got up at 4:45 A.M., dressed and went down for breakfast at 5:25. Had to wait so long for a maid that had no time to eat. Swallowed a cup of coffee & a few mouthsful & started. Were to have started at 5:45 but it was after 6:00 when we left the college. The steamer (Mary Powell) was late, so we were in time. Of course it rained and was cold. 59 Enjoyed the scenery going down very much. It is grand. Sat on the after deck most of the time. Was with Miss Henderson, Smith, Wood and some other girls. Mr. McLean, Miss Henderson's friend, was on board and with us most of the time. We landed at Newburg and West Point, going down. Arrived at the dock at 125th St. New York about noon, I think. Stayed there until about three, after the Pres. passed up the river, when we went down to 22nd St. thus passing the whole length of the fleet. There a great many landed so the boat was not so crowded after that. Then we passed the whole fleet again on the other side, and on back to the college. It stopped raining a little after noon but was not very clear. The ships were all grand and terrible. We saw some ocean steamers at their docks as we passed down. The river was full of boats of every description and the shore was lined with people, especially where there was a little hill, there would be a sea of heads as far as the top. The three Spanish caravels made in imitation of Columbus' ships were very interesting. They were an exact imitation of the Columbian ships except for oars & the ships were painted to look as if there were oars. The British ships, especially the Blake excited much interest, as did the French, one of which had an ugly looking beak on 60 the brow. The Brazilian ships were fine. The French were painted black, most of the others white. Our own "White Squadron " was not inferior to the others. A small white vessel which was low in the water and had terrets fore and aft, was very interesting. Ten nations were represented. The sailors of the Sea Adler and the Kaiserin Augusta two German ships cheered enthusiastically as the boats passed. We did not get back to the college until about 9:00 P.M. Were very tired but so glad we went. Fri. Apr. 28. Founder's. Studied most all day. Attended the lecture in the evening with Miss Peckham, Grace and Miss Foster. The lecture was by Helen Davies Brown a former student and a graduate. The subject was Geo. William Curtis and the lecture excellent. After the lecture we went to Art Hall where the Hall of Casts & museum were beautifully decorated and a promenade concert took place. Lemonade was served at stands in the museum and tea, coffee, biscuits and salad, cakes and ice cream in the Hall of Casts (North room). The rooms were beautiful and everyone seemed to enjoy themselves. Ed. Lewis was there, a guest of Miss Pellet, but I did not meet him. Grace looked beautiful in her new dress. Sat. Apr. 27. Studied & copied Paleon most of the day. Went rowing in the P.M. Boats put out yesterday for61 the first. Sun. Apr. 30. Bible lecture as usual. Dr. Riggs is fine. Enjoy them so much. Sermon (Episcopal service) by Rev. Joseph Blanchard, Rector of St. James, Philadelphia. Text was "Lord, I believe. Help thou mine unblief". Mark IX - 24. I. Introduction. II. Struggle between faith and doubt. 1. In the world. 2. In the heart. III. Effect of the Struggle. (Great benefit of struggle from doubt to faith) IV. Conclusion. (There is ground for faith) It was an excellent sermon. Tue. May 2. Am elected at Keuka. Am very glad. Thu. May 4. We dissected lobsters in Paleontology. It was very interesting. Fri. May 5. Went to an Art Lecture by Prof. Van Ingen. It was on Gothe's architecture. Had one also on Wednesday evening on Renaissance architecture. After lecture called on Misses Scott, Odell, & Sill, but Miss Sill was the only one in. Sat. May 6. After chapel called on Miss Galaher but she was engaged. Made fudges, good. Sun. May 7. Had Bible Lecture as usual. Dr. Biggs is fine. No services in college. Did not go to town. Neither did Grace. Wed. May 10. Art Lecture on "Master Pieces". Very good. Prof. Van Ingen's last this year. 62 Sat. May 13. The class in Paleontology was to gave gone to Rondout on the excursion for fossils today but it rained all day so did not go. Annie Brown is ill. Stayed most of the P.M. with her. Belle was taken sick at dinner. I spent most in the evening. Read some from Walt Whitman to her. She was prejudiced against him, so I did not tell her the author until after she had comfessed she liked him. Made fudges afterward. There were excellent. Sun. May 14. No Bible Lecture this A.M. Dr. Riggs could not be here. Am sorry. Sermon by Rev. Bruce, a M.E. clergyman of New York city. His text was Gal. 2-1. I. Introduction. 1. Christ has a work for each of us. 2. Fusion of work and self. II. Personality. 1. Influence of. 2. Use of. 3. Result of. a. Self prominence. b. Self suppression. 4. Union of self-prominence and self-suppression necessary. a. To true charity. b. To true living. 5. Christ possessed this union. III. Conclusion. Exhortation to unite these qualities. 63 Had an excellent talk by Miss Butler of Yonkers on the Yonkers Institute. It was very interesting. Sat. May 20. Have been out twice this week to ride with Annie Brown on her wheel. Rode quite a way alone. Have rowed quite a little too. This afternoon Grace, Florence Foster and I started, after I had attended part of the May concert, (which, by-the-way, was good but quite long) for College hill. We went first to town where I got a College pin, then went to Smith's for ice-cream, then to the hill. The view from the top of the hill is beautiful. The R.R. bridge can be seen plainly and the mountains around are beautiful, especially those across the river. The building on College hill is in Grecian style, mainly. It has Doric pillars. Returned too late for dinner. I cut chapel. Felt a little tired and it was so warm. Sun. May 21. Had Bible Lecture. I like Dr. Riggs more and more every time I hear him. The sermon was by Rev. Robinson, ex-President of Brown University, now Prof. of Ethics, Chicago Univ. The class in Ethics here uses his text-book. He is a fine old man, bald, with a fringe of white hair and a few white burnsides. Quite tall and slender. Hist text was Math. 13-54, 57. The sermon was quite good. Last night the Sopho. had their tree ceremonies in the Gym. All was kept secret before. They paraded from the south64 over to the gym. dressed in white, some of them to represent ghosts. "There was levity by night". Wed. May 24. Walked to town and back this morning. A cool, lovely morning. Fri. May 26. The Greek play at last! Belle Freeman and I went together as Miss Foster has invited Grace to go with her. Prof. Leach asked the girls to wear evening dress and remove their hats. Although it rained some a great many of the girls did, so the Opera House looked very pretty. The programs were printed in red, with the seal of the college, and tied with red ribbons. They were printed in Greek. The play was grand. The music was by members of Seidl's Orchestra. Miss Bartlet as Creon, and Miss Slade as Antigone were the stars. They were fine. The costumes were as nearly like the original Greek as could be made after the most research. The expenses of the play were about $2000. It was a success in every way. The papers are full of it. I am so glad I attended. It is part of an education. Although it was given in Greek (for the first time in this country) the acting and intonation was so good that I could follow it, having read the play before in English. Sat. May 27. Belle's sister, Mary Freeman, is here for the forenoon and she, Belle, and I went over to the Gym. and had a good swim. Of course, as it was very first attempt, I could do but little swimming, but I gained 65 confidence and can take a few strokes alone. Sun. May 28. Our last Bible lecture by Dr. Riggs. I am so sorry. I like him so much. The sermon was by Rev. Ludlow of Arlington, New Jersey. It was an excellent sermon on the power and education of the will. Fri. June 2. Recitations over for the year. I do not know whether to be glad or sorry. The year has passed very quickly and pleasantly. It is probably the pleasantest year I shall ever know. I hope I shall do better service for it. Sat. June 3. Went bathing in the swimming tank with Belle in the morning. Studied Paleontology. Grace and I went out on the lake and studied Art Hist. part of the afternoon. In the evening I attended the senior "Side Show" in Philaleathean Hall and afterward the auction down stairs in the Gym. Sat near Miss Beers and she asked me to go to the cafe on 3rd and have ice cream with her afterward. Sun. June 4. Neither Grace or I went to town to church. As it is my last Sunday with Grace I want to see as much of her as possible. Grace, Belle and I read "Beggars All" by Dougall all the morning aloud. No Bible lecture. Read again in the afternoon, then grace and I sang and talked after dinner. Grace sat with me in chapel. We staid to prayer meeting. Prof. Dwight lead. Mon June 5. Exam. in Latin. Not very hard, fair. 66 Tue. June. 6. Exam. in Paleontology in the afternoon at the Geo. Lab. Miss Foster asked Grace and me down to her room between diner and chapel to eat stawberries. We had a very pleasant time. Wed. June 7. Exams in English and Art History. Grace goes tomorrow night. She has been packing tonight. Thu. June 8. Grace went on the 8:05 train tonight. How I hated to have her go, knowing that we will never meet again as we have, never be together as we have been this year. I never can find a friend I shall care for as I do for Grace. How I would like to come back next year. I am afraid I should be a little jealous to have her rooming with someone else. Florence Foster and I went to the lodge & there she met some other girls who were going and they took a carriage to the depot. She expected to take a car, but it did not come and the carriage did. I went to chapel afterward. Dr. Taylor presided and gave us such a good talk. I felt quite mournful & sad to think I was not coming back. I came upstairs and found Grace's trunk keys. I wrote to her and sent them. Fri. June 9. German exam. was long but fair. Was invited over to the Hall to Miss Mitchell's room to a spread at 8:30 P.M. Took my n.g. and staid all night. Had a very pleasant time. Misses Henderson, Wood, Agne, Bush, Brown, Delaney, Peckham, Cornell, Dello, Mitchell (of course), Smith & I were there. Helen Peckham, Miss Cornell, Carrie67 Brown & Marion Mitchell gave the spread. We had strawberries & cream, cakes & candies for refreshments. Misses Wood, Delaney & I had a parlor together for the night. I am forgetting. I went with Belle Freeman to the depot. She went very early. Annie Brown had not succeededin getting the train she wanted and was still at the depot, so I saw her again. Waited some time for Belle, then came back and ordered some Greek play pictures at Vail's. Sat. June 10. Went with Miss Beers, '94, to Smith's for dinner. There we met her friend Mr. Halff and Mr. Martin. I should have felt guilty if Miss Beers had not been a junior & an old girl & so a fit chaperone. Had a lovely dinner then went for a row on the Hudson. The river was beautiful. Mr. Martin and I rowed first then Miss Beers and Mr. Halff. Miss Beers and I could both row better than the gentlemen. Mr. Halff blistered his hands badly. Miss Beers and I were each presented with a pound box of chocolates. They are excellent. Got back to the college at 8:45 P.M. about. Was very tired, but had had a good time. Miss Beers, Miss Henderson, Miss Kirschner, & Helen were in my room the rest of the evening. Helen staid all night with me. Next Saturday I will be home. How good it seems. Sun. June 11. Helen did not get up to breakfast. Tried to make up the sleep I made her lose by getting up Sat. morning at 5:05, thinking it was 7:05 and going down to her room. I brought her some breakfast. 68 The Baccelaureate sermon was by Pres. Taylor. The text was Luke 13-20, 21. It was a fine sermon. He spoke of the unrest, seeking for self-glorification and tendency toward organization of the present hour in contrast to Christ's more personal and self-forgetful methods of spreading the truth, introducing it like [learn] in the lump & leaving it to [learn] the whole lump. In the evening we had an Organ Recital. I called on Miss Foster and Miss Underhill before supper. Mon. June 11. Helen, Miss Brown and I had a Kodak taken in a boat in the morning. Then I packed and sent my box by freight. In the afternoon Helen and I went to town. Had some ice cream at Smith's for the last time. Attended the commencement concert in the evening with Misses Smith, Foster and Beers. Miss Beers and I made fudges after the concert. Tue. June 12. Class day. The exercises took place in the afternoon. Sophomores & Freshmen sat in the gallery, Juniors and Seniors down stairs. As the classes formed the Sophs were given small silver pencils by the seniors and the Freshmen slates, pencils & sponges. On the slates in gold letters was the following, A Problem given X = 96 (X + 3Yrs) g > 93a + 94b + 95c to find value of z As no place was reserved for the specials, I went 69 with the freshmen and secured one of the slates. The girls senior class wore beautiful dresses. The exercises consisted of music, an address of welcome by Miss Cutting president of '93, and the class history. This latter included the singing of many songs by the class. Then the procession of classes in their order went to the class tree near the door of the north wing. A matting was spread from the door of the south wing to the tree and a platform built at the tree. The exercises then consisted of the presentation of the spade by the seniors & its acceptance by the juniors and the burial of the class records. I stayed at the Strong to supper with Helen Peckham. Wed. June 13. Commencemewnt day. Exercises at 10:00 A.M. Sat in gallery with Helen Peckham. The procession consisting of Marshall, President in cap & gown & Pres. of Trustees, Faculty, teachers, alumni, Marshall '93 looked very pretty. The girls of '93 were in simple white muslins. The exercises consisted of music, essays, presentation of diplomas by Prexie. Thu. June 14. Got up early and took the 5:45 car. Started from Poughkeepsie at 7:00 A.M. Got in Albany about 9:20. Prof. Ellis met me a the depot and took me first to the capital. We spent some time there & I enjoyed it very much. Saw the sword which LaFayette presented to Washington, the original Emancipation Proclamation, and the papers found70 in Maj. Andre's boots. Went to Mrs. Ellis'. They have a very pleasant home on Elm St. next door but [...] to the [Governor's] mansion. Stayed until 2:35 P.M. & went on to Syracuse. Helen Peckham & Mrs. & Miss Henderson were on the train & went as far as Utica with me. Cousin Nell met me at the depot. Had a very pleasant time at her house. She wanted me to saty over until Monday. Met Mr. Van Vechton, formerly of Elmira, there. Was very much surprised to see him. He boards next door to Nellie's St. Sat. June 16. Started for home at 9:10 A.M. Saw Charlie Fisher & Prof. Woodland at Canandaigua depot. Got home at 3:00. Sun. June 17. Went to Ch. & S.S. Had to teach a S.S. class & lead Y.P.S.C.E. Thad Henderson [N.]B. is home. Tue. July 11. Went to Elmira Saturday the 24th. Was sorry I did not go Friday as it was the closing day of School no. 4 and I could have seen the teachers and scholars. Went to the photograph gallery in the afternoon with Emma & the children, Ora & Mrs. Newman. Emma & the children had their pictures together. Sunday went to church and S.S. also Junior, A.C.F. and church in the evening. Saw a great many peple I knew. Mr. Denney asked Miss Bishop and I to take charge of the Junior meeting and when we refused, made the announcement that we would. We did go, but did not take71 charge as we used. I was asked to read the lesson and did so. Mr. Denney called upon both of us for speeches. I said a few words but Miss B. said she made her speech when she first came back. Monday morning June 26 Lute called for a little while and stopped, again, in the evening. Monday afternoon Emma and I went down to the Westside St. R.R. took a car and rode to the Industrial grounds. Before we got there it was raining in torrents and [...] me in and open car. Just after we started back we had to transfer to a closed car, Emma dropped her handkerchief into a mud puddle, and we both got our feet wet. By the time we got back to Water St. the sun was shining again as brightly as ever. We did some shopping, had some ice-cream and started to walk back. When we had about reached Freedman's Market it commenced to rain again and we took shelter under his awning. After a time we took a car and reached home wet as rats. Tuesday P.M. went down to uncle Charles. Stayed to supper. Tuesday evening Lute called and spent the evening. He tried to get some ice-cream but failed, so got candy, oranges and bananas. Wednesday evening went to prayer-meeting. Spent most of the day at Ora's. Mr. & Mrs. Carey were baptized after prayer meeting. Thursday afternoon Ora & I went over to72 Mrs. Vernoy's and stayed to supper. John came over to supper. Lute spent the evening with Emma and I. Friday went to the Church & S.S. picnic. Had a very pleasant time. Intended going to Hattie Crane's on the 7:00 o'clock motor but did not. Came home Saturday. Sunday had to teach a S.S. class. Mr. Streett preached in the evening at Pres. Ch. Union services. Tuesday, July 4th Lute spent the day here. We went through the glen in the afternoon. Lute went home at 12:02. Thursday evening went to prayer meeting with mother. Sunday went to church and S.S., C.E. and ch. in the evening. Services in the evening were at the M.E. ch. Mr. Kellogg preached. Monday mother went to Elmira on the 3:00 P.M. train. After that Edna & I went rowing in the canal in Frank James' boat. July 13. Yesterday morning at 8:25 Edna and I started for Watkins. Stopped on our way at the P.O. and I got a check for $25 from Dr. Patterson. Got to Watkins Court House at 9:10. Spent the day at Aunt Hat's. Inez was there, & Carrie too. Started back at 7:00 P.M. and got here at 7:45. Walked. Had a very pleasant day. Have baked bread & cleaned the floor today, & hemmed Edna's white dress, skirt. It is very warm. Fri. July 24. Emma, Ora and the children came down on the eleven o'clock train. Edna went down to Lutie's on the same train. Father went down the lake73 with her, because she did not feel very well and had a large satchel to carry. It was well he did for the boat did not stop at Dey's Landing and he had to say all he could to get them to. They finally did and Lutie was there to meet Edna. Father walked back from Watkins. In the evening, yesterday Ora, Emma and I went down the canal for a row. Had a lovely time. Edna and I were down Wednesday night and found the boat full of water which had rained in. Mr. Jones baled it out for us and locked up the boat for us again when we came back. Tuesday I went to Watkins on the 6:27 train & came back on the 8:00 in the evening to get some graining color for father. Went up to aunt Hat's for a few minutes. Today Emma, Ora and mother have gone to Watkins on the 11:00 A.M. train & will come back at 8:00, leaving the children with me. This afternoon I took them up on the hill for a little while. Fri. July 28. Delia come at 3:00 P.M. & stayed until morning. Sat. July 29. Emma & the children went home to Elmira today. Sun. July 30. Had to give a short talk on Geography of Greece illustrated by map. Thu. Aug. 3. Am going to Horsehead & Elmira at 9:00 A.M. Sun. Aug. 13. Went to Horseheads the 2nd at 9:00. Hattie Craver met me at the depot and we went to her house. In the evening went down town. Hattie had the tooth ache 74 badly all the evening. The next day, Friday, I took the car in the afternoon for Elmira. When I got there I found Emma was to go to Elgin Saturday morning if she heard from John. She & I went down town and I did a little shopping. She got a telegram from John about 7:00 A.M., telling her to come and she had to pack her trunk and get ready to go. John and I were pulling on her trunk-strap to get it tighter when it broke and it took John until nearly twelve o'clock to fix it. I made fudges earlier in the evening. (Aug. 5) We got up at 4:00 A.M. Saturday morning and went to the depot with Emma. John Vernoy and I went and Ora went back to bed. Emma started at 5:40. In the aforenoon Ora and I went down town and did some shopping. In the afternoon we laid down & Ora did not get up until 5:00 o'clock. In the evening Lute came in and we made fudges. He is working in Corning & came home for Sunday. The fudges were better than those the night before. (Aug. 6.) Ora invited Lute to dinner Sunday. He came and in the afternoon invited me to take a drive. Had a very pleasant time. Taught Mr. Stuart's S.S. class in the morning. Lute came home from church with us in the evening & sat on the porch a little while. (Aug. 7.) Ora and I went over to Mrs. Vernoy's to dinner. After dinner I went down to Uncle Charlie's a few minutes, then took the 5:50 train home. Ora went to the depot with me. 75 (Aug. 10.) Went down to Keuka to Association (Young People's Day) and Assembly. Was elected Secretary of Young People's Association. In the evening read a paper on the "Arms of the Junior Work". Mrs. Thompson invited me to stay with her while there and I did so, enjoying myself very much. The next morning at 8:00 o'clock I attended a meeting of the Execution Board in Dr. Ball's room. The exercises of the day were very good. The services in the morning were conducted by Rev. Dixon of Brooklyn & in the afternoon was a speech by Col. L.F. Copeland on "Seeing the Elephant". I came away on the 6:00 o'clock boat. Rev. & Mrs. Denny came at the same time. They also went at the same time I did. Aug. 17. Gave Mina Maderis her fourth, and Edna her second lesson in painting. Went to Watkins Monday and took a lesson in painting of Mrs. Hughey. The Saturday before started to walk down to see her in the morning. Got a ride with Mr. Hamilton. Coming back rode with Henry Jackson & got home before nine o'clock. Fri. Aug. 25. Edna went to Elmira yesterday. Lute came on the 6:27 P.M. train tonight and went home at 12:03. Mon. Aug. 28. Edna came home at 6:00 o'clock. Fri. Sept. 1. Got my books & lamp packed and sent to Keuka. Mattie Slauson came last night. She & Edna have gone to Watkins today. Mon. Sept. 4. Started on the 6:38 train for Keuka. Mr. Richardson76 met me in Penn Yan and we soon started for the College. Arrived there, but found my room not in proper condition to move in yet. Decided to take a 3rd floor room because it was larger and had two windows. Went over to Mrs. Thompson's and stayed to dinner. Unpacked and settled all the afternoon. After supper walked with the Misses Ball, went to their room where we had teacher's meeting later. They were kind to me. Tue. Sept. 5. Had chapel at 9:00 A.M. The day is taken up in registering, so I settled all the forenoon, attended teacher's meeting at 1:00 P.M. and started for Penn Yan on the 2:00 o'clock stage. Went to see Helen & Mrs. Goldsmith and did my shopping. Came back just in time to get some supper. Then went to Mrs. Thopmson's and she and I went in bathing. Had a very pleasant time. Fri. Sept. 8. Work is very pleasant and the week has passed very quickly. I have Elementary English, U.S. History, Geography, Spelling and Penmanship. Went to Penn Yan with Prof. Spooner, stayed at Helen's until the 7:05 train and went home. Sat. Sept. 9. Canned tomatoes, helped do up plums, ate fruit, went down to Aunt Catharine's. Sun. Sept. 10. Went to Church & S.S. In the evening read a paper at the 6th anniversary of the founding of our C.E. Society. Mon. Sept. 11. Came to Pann Yan on the 6:38 train. Train 1/2 hour late at Havana. Prof. Spooner came to77 the Knapp house for me and I rode with him to the college. Mrs. Marsh called again this P.M. for her matting. Brought me a beautiful bunch of geraniums. I gave the Misses Ball some of the peaches I brought from home. Wed. Sept. 13. Went with the Misses Ball for a walk at 4:00 o'clock. We walked as far as Mrs. Merritt's (she is one of the college trustees) and called on her. She is a very pleasant, motherly, woman, and gave us some peaches when we came away. Thu. Sept. 14. Attended a reception this evening given to the students. Had quite a pleasant time. Sat. Sept. 16. Went to Penn Yan on the eleven o'clock boat. Did a little shopping and came back at half past one. The Misses Ball took that boat up the lake to visit friends at Pultney. Took the 3:30 P.M. boat and went up as far as Crosby's and came back on the Mary Belle at 6:00 P.M. It was cold and rainy coming back, but I enjoyed it quite well. Sun. Sept. 17. Went to church. Mr. Taylor, who is supplying the pulpit in Dr. Ball's absence, preached. The services were nearly an hour and a half long. Neglected to say that Thursday, as the Misses Ball and I started for a walk we met Mr. Richardson, who asked 78 us to take a ride. We had a very pleasant drive, came back and took a row on the lake. After supper took quite a long walk. Tue. Sept. 19. After four o'clock the Misses Ball and I took a delightful row on the lake. After supper we went for a walk, then I went to Mrs. Thompson's for a short time. Thu. Sept. 21. Had a half holiday to allow the students to attend the Penn Yan Fair. In the afternoon I went over to Mrs. Marsh's, to Mrs. Thompson's and rowing in Mrs. Thompson's boat. Miss Stevens went with me, and we went up a little above Scofield's. Had a lovely row. Fri. Sept. 22. After 4:00 o'clock the Misses Ball and I rowed down to Mrs. Merritt's to return a basket. She gave us some excellent grapes. Got back just in time for supper. Sat. Sept. 23. Edna came on the afternoon boat. We took a short row in the evening. Sun. Sept. 24. Went over to Mrs. Thompson's for a walk with Edna. Called on the Misses Ball. Mon. Sept. 25. Edna & I took breakfast at Mrs. Thompson's, as Edna had to start by our breakfast time. She went to Penn Yan with Mr. Inghart. Sat. Sept. 30. Went rowing yesterday afternoon, this forenoon & this afternoon with Miss Ella Ball. Had a very pleasant row. In the P.M. went & got some grapes at Mr. Brewster's & Mrs. Marsh packed a ten pound basket for me to send to Grace. There were 5 different79 kinds and the basket looked very pretty. Mr. Thompson brought the frame for my screen this P.M. while I was out on the lake. It is very nice. Stayed to tea at Mrs. Marsh's and spent the evening with Miss Ball. Sun. Oct. 1. Dr. Ball is home & preached today. Communion Sunday. In the afternoon Miss Ella Ball and I took some books and went down by the lake in a sunny place and read. Then we took a long walk and did not return until almost time for supper. I lead the A.C.F. meeting. Tue. Oct. 3. Had a faculty meeting and suspended Mande Walker indefinately, Marie for two weeks, and Miss Gardner from certain privileges. At the meeting yesterday Mr. Smith appeared before the faculty and answered charges made against him. He presented his resignation. It was referred to the proper authorities. Fri. Oct. 6. Heard my Physical Geography at 8:00 A.M. and took the one o'clock stage for Penn Yan. Took the 2:07 train and went up to Elmira. Got me a dress and went down to Ora's. Lute was over and we made fudges in the evening. Took Sat. Oct. 7. the early morning train for home. Was at home until Sun. Oct. 8. Sunday morning then took the train for Penn Yan. Walked up from Penn Yan. Got to the college just as they were finishing dinner. Went for a walk in the P.M. with the Misses Ball. Lute gave me "The Prince of India". Thur. Oct. 12. Examinations in Elementary English this P.M. Went for a row as usual afterward.80 Tue. Oct. 17. Went directly after dinner to Penn Yan to Maggie McMaster's funeral. She was killed in the R.R. accident last Friday, at Jackson, Mich. Drove down with Mrs. Mitchell's horse. Got back a few minutes late for Physical Geography recitation. The class was waiting for me, however. The funeral was held in the Pres. church. It was largely attended. The flowers were lovely. Fri. Oct. 20. Expected mother tonight on the stage but she did not come. Sat. Oct. 21. Mother came at 2:30 P.M. Was very glad to see her. Sun. Oct. 22. Did not go to church. Mother didn't care to. Went to A.C.F. but she did not. Mon. Oct. 23. Mother took the stage this noon for Penn Yan, from there the boat for Aunt mary's. Fri. Oct. 27. Intended to cross the Lake to Aunt Mary's tonight but it was too rainy. Prof. Bean returned. Sat. Oct. 28. Painted some this A.M. The Misses Ball called in the evening, also Miss Effie Jones. Fri. Nov. 3. Took the 1:00 o'clock stage and went home. Met Lutie Yost on the train. She was going to our house. Sun. Nov. 5. Lutie stays over Sunday. It rained yesterday almost all day. Mr. Becker and Mr. Frank Miller called and we went to church with them. Heard of Belle Freeman through Mr. M. Mon. Nov. 6. Took the 6:38 A.M. train for Penn Yan. Rode up to the College with Prof. Spooner. Wed. Nov. 8. Went rowing with Miss Ball last night & tonight. The weather is lovely for November. 81 Fri. Nov. 10. Intended to take the steamer "West Branch" this P.M. for Finton's, but as we were to have an important faculty meeting at 4:00 P.M. decided to wait until later. Frank Bengler rowed me across to Finton's after four o'clock. It was a lovely day, not cold, lake smooth. Uncle Elias had been to the landing for me but went home after the last boat came. I walked up and got there about 6:00 P.M. Aunt Mary had hardly given me up. How I enjoyed my visit! Aunt Mary and Uncle Elias were both lovely, and I had Jersey milk and good things to eat. When I came away Aunt Mary gave me a can of milk, besides the Sat. Nov. 11. gingham for an apron for mother. I had to come back Saturday. Got to the landing (Uncle brought me) and found that maybe the boat wouldn't stop, so Lora, at whose house I stopped, got a boy to row me across the lake to Northrup's where I waited a little while, then took the "Lulu" home. Went to the grocery, got some crackers and had crackers and milk for supper. Fri. Nov. 17. Painted a little this P.M. Took a long walk with Miss Ella Ball. Sat. Nov. 18. Painted in the A.M. Went to Penn Yan in P.M. Got an oil stove. 82 Sun. Nov. 20. Heard Mr. Griffin preach this A.M. Went with fifteen others to the Country House to a meeting this P.M. Myself and nine others rode in Mr. Richardson's stage. Mrs. Milspaugh, father and daughter, the two Smith girls, Aileen Mitchell, Lora March, Mr. Richardson and myself. Mr. R. lead the meeting. Had a good meeting. The view from the hill this side of the country house is fine, since a lake can be seen. Didn't go to A.C.F. this evening. Thu. Nov. 23. Last class exercises of the term today. Class exams. today and tomorrow. Rejents' next week. This evening Myra Smith came to my door and handed me a plate, saying that the girls were having a little supper and wished me to share it. The plate contained bread & butter, salmon, jelly, cream puffs, two kinds of cake, fudges and some canned peaches. I enjoyed it very much. It also contained a card with the names of the four girls, Misses Coleman, Gardiner, Smith and Van Worner. Sat. Nov. 25. Painted owls' heads all the morning. Miss Julia Ball and I went down to Mrs. Merritt's soon after dinner (she sent her carriage for us) and spent the afternoon. We met Mrs. Stuart of Penn Yan. Had a very pleasant time and came back about seven o'clock in the carriage. Had music. Called on Miss Coleman this evening. 83 Wed. Nov. 29. Have had Rejent's all the week. Elementary English today. My classes have all done well. Went home tonight. Rode down to Penn Yan with Prof. Spooner. Thu. Nov. 30. Thanksgiving Went to church in the morning. Our whole family was invited to Col. Clanharty's to dinner to meet Capt. Robert Clanharty and his wife, our Scotch cousins. We all like them very much. He is Captain of the vessel Wray Castle, at present in New York harbor loading with case oil for Shanghai, China. They will not reach there before May. They called at our house. Went back to New York on the 8:00 P.M. train. Sun. Dec. 3. Col. Clanharty and Mary Williams were at our house to dinner today. Wed. Dec. 6. Gave Mina Madieris another painting lesson. Thu. Dec. 7. Went to Elmira on the 3:00 o'clock train. Did a little shopping and went to Ora's. Fri. Dec. 8. Ora and I went down town shopping in the morning and did not get back until after 12:00. In the P.M. went over to the school house. Was glad to see teachers and scholars and they seemed glad to see me. Lute came in in the afternoon and stayed a little while. In the evening we took a sleigh ride. The sleighing was not very good but we had a very pleasant time. Sat. Dec. 9. Came home at 11:00 o'clock. Had the picture84 of our family taken in the afternoon. Tue. Dec. 12. Took the early train for Penn Yan. Prof. Spooner met me there and took me to the college. Found a great many new students. Wed. Dec. 13. Have about completed the organization of the school. I have classes in Physiology, U.S. History, Physics, Botany and Drawing. We expect a new teacher of English next Saturday, a Miss Myrtle Gray. In the meantime Miss Julia Ball takes the classes. I have changed recitation rooms and have Room C, a front room. Sat. Dec. 16. Our new teacher of English, Miss Gray, came tonight. She seems very pleasant and we hope to like her very much. Sun. Dec. 17. Miss Gray went to church with me, wrote letters in my room after church and in the afternoon Misses Ball, Miss Gray and I walked around the triangle. Miss Julia Ball and Miss G. were in my room in the evening so I did not go to prayer-meeting. Fri. Dec. 22. Went to Penn Yan with Mr. Spooner and did some shopping before train time. Met Mary Goldsmith on the street, she invited me to go home with her and I did so and stayed until train time. Mon. Dec. 25. Mother is sick. Has not felt well since church yesterday. Think she has grippe. I received a very pretty needle book from Alice Carman Saturday, and today Dante's Poems from Edna, some silver fruit knives, a coffee-spoon, a pocket-book from mother85 and father, a china tea-cup and saucer from Edna, a pen-wiper from Ora, an Elmira souvenir tea spoon from Lute. Tue. Dec. 26. Lute came down on the 3:00 P.M. train and stayed until the 12:00 train. Mother is still sick. Sun. Dec. 31. Edna was taken sick this morning. Mother worse. Mon. Jan. 1, 1894. Edna and mother both better. Father is not very well. Came to Penn Yan at 3:00 o'clock train & to the college in the stage. Found a new principal in Mr. Bean's place, Mr. Gardiner. He seems very pleasant and an excellent man for the place. Thu. Jan. 4. Prof. Spooner has not been here this week on account of sickness. The boys have organized a military company. The weather is quite warm yet. It was so warm on Christmas day that we had the doors open. The Misses Ball went rowing with Miss Gray. over (p.86) Fri. Jan. 19 Had a reception this evening. There were three lady & three gentleman ushers. We had a promenade for which Miss Julia Ball furnished the music, a fancy march lead by Miss Gray and Mr. Stuart, majic music, charades and a general good time. The girls and boys changed partners often enough so that no one was slighted. Some of the boys offered their arms very gracefully, some were very awkward. Miss Gray & I each promenaded quite often. I promenaded with Misses Clancy, Debenham, Watrons (twice), Van Wil86 Capt. Hodges & Mr. Mersellis. (Jan. 12. Fri.) Quarterly Meeting convened here. Miss Gray & I attended the meeting this evening and I was very much surprised to be seated next to Lute. (Sat. Jan. 13.) Attended the L.M. business meeting this A.M. Had a meeting of the Ladie's Missionary Society in my room at one P.M. Was elected vice President for Keuka Park. Did not attend the afternoon meeting. Had a call (H.) at three o'clock. Attended evening service. It was A.C.F. & not very good. Lute sang very well. The Elmira people left tonight. (Sun. Jan. 14.) Rev. Langworthy preached this A.M. Attended A.C.F. & service in the evening. Mon. Jan. 22. Miss Gray & I went rowing in Mr. Thompson's boat after school this evening. Had a very pleasant time. Thu. Jan. 25. Some of the girls wanted to go to Penn Yan to a Teacher's institute lecture, and, as they could not go alone asked me to go with them. It was quite cold. We started about six o'clock and reached Penn Yan quite early for the lecture. Had to stand outside and wait quite a time for the doors to be opened. The lecture was by Dr. Schmits of Normal school, subject "The Aesthetic Side of Our Nature". Fri. Jan. 26. Attended a reception given by the ladies of the Park to Prof. and Mrs. Gardiner. Went with Miss Gray and we asked Mrs. Potter, the Misses Ball's aunt to go with us. Had refreshments, sandwiches, coffee cake and oranges. It was a bore. Miss Gray skated a few minutes after supper before the reception. 87 Sat. Jan. 27. Miss Gray and I went skating a little while this forenoon and also in the afternoon. In the evening went to the parlor until seven o'clock and called on Mrs. Gardiner afterward. Sun. Jan. 28. Mr. Gardiner preached today. Mon. Jan. 29. Miss Gray and I went skating at 3:15 although it was snowing hard. Got so wet we had to change our clothes completely when we came home. Skated until my ankle was so tired I could hardly stand on it. Tue. Jan. 29. Mrs. Gardiner called about 15 minutes before supper time. Tue. Feb. 20. The military reception took place this evening. The drill was fine, but the remainder of the evening seemed dull. Several Starkey boys were here. Thu. Feb. 22. Went home. Stopped in Penn Yan at Helen's until train time. Washington's birthday was to be celebrated on Friday instead of today so I go tonight. Fri. Feb. 23. Very cold. Sat. Feb. 24. Coldest day of the winter. Thermometer below zero. Sun. Feb. 25. Thermometer 16 degrees below zero this morning. Warmer in the afternoon. Mon. Feb. 26. Came back with Prof. Spooner this morning. Somewhat warmer. In the P.M. went across the lake & skated. Coming back we met88 Joseph Bullock & Mr. Gilder with an ice-boat. They asked us to ride, & we had a delightful ride. It was quite cold and we went to Mrs. Thompson's to warm afterward. Tue. Feb. 27. Went skating after school. Delightful on other side of lake. Mon. Mch. 12. Miss Ball left on Saturday for Crystal Springs, leaving me in charge of the girls. I received a letter by the afternoon mail telling me that mother had been run over and hurt. Started for home on the 7:00 P.M. train. Tue. Mch. 13. Mother has no bones broken. She was crossing Main St. about 7:00 P.M. on Friday evening when a boy driving Fanton's horse & carriage ran over her. The thill struck her in the left side, throwing her over half way to the next cross-walk. The wheels ran over both legs, cutting clothing and skin but not breaking the bones. Thu. Mch. 22. Lute came down this evening bringing mother a bunch of beautiful carnations. Sat. Mch. 24. Edna and I worked hard all day. Sun. " 25. Easter. Went to church in the A.M. Mother came out and sat at the table in her big chair for dinner. Mon. " 26. Started for K. C. at 6:32 A.M. Met Mr. Spooner at Penn Yan. Classes arranged in the P.M. I have N.Y. Hist., Drawing, Botany, Roman Hist.,89 and possibly U.S. Hist. or Physiology. Fri. Mch. 30. Miss Gray, the Misses Ball and I went to walk about 8:00 P.M. We saw a most beautiful display of Aurora Borealis. It commenced with a light streak in the north west, extending toward the zenith. It spread until the whole heavens were covered. The most beautiful shades of reds were shown as well as the white light. It was beautiful beyond comparison. The zenith seemed the center of the display and streams of light extended in all directions. Sat. Mch. 31. Went to Penn Yan on the stage this A.M. Quite windy. Sun. Apr. 8. When we got up this morning the ground was white with snow. It snowed some Friday and Saturday. The snow soon melted and it was quite comfortably warm in the afternoon. After dinner the Misses Ball, Miss Gray, the Gardiners and I went to the parlor, sang some hymns and talked. Afterward Miss Ella and I toook a walk. Later Miss Julia and Miss Gray joined us. Wed. Apr. 11. It snowed quite a little yesterday, all last night, and all day today so that the snow is quite deep. It was a foot deep this morning. It is not very cold and the snow is quite wet. Dr. Ball told me a few days ago, Sat., I think, that I would be wanted next year so I expect to stay. 90 Thu. Apr. 12. The Misses Ball, Miss Gray and I, beside quite a number of the students went to Penn Yan to "The Old Homestead". The "Urbana" came down the lake about half past seven and we got there about eight o'clock, just before the performance began. It was good, everyone said, there was nothing objectionable, the singing was good, but upon the whole I did not enjoy it so very much. There was little that was elevating. Got back to the college about 11:30 P.M. Fri. Apr. 13. Went home on the 7:15 train. Sat. Apr. 14. My birthday. Edna, mother and father each gave me a very pretty china fruit plate for a birthday present. Twenty-four today. And yet I don't feel any older than I did when I was fourteen. Not so old sometimes. Sun. Apr. 15. Went to church in the morning. Edna and I went to aunt Catharine's in the P.M. Mother seems to improve slowly. She is able to sit up most of the time. Mon. Apr. 16. Came back to college. Had to wait from the 7:00 o'clock train until 10:15 for the stage. Fri. Apr. 20. Went on the 2:00 train to the L.M. at Elmira. Ora and Alice Bishop met me at the train and we did some shopping before going to the house. Did not attend church in the evening. Lute came in and spent the evening. It was a sermon by Dr. Ball. Ora & Allis went. 91 Sat. Apr. 21. Attended church all day. Had dinner at the church. Allis B. and I went down town after the afternoon service. Sun. Apr. 22. Attended church in the A.M. Went with John for a walk before breakfast, and over to his mother's after church. Charles Vernoy came in, in the P.M. and so did Lute. Went with Lute to the 1st Baptist Church in the evening, although it rained. Mon. Apr. 23. Started on the 6:32 A.M. train for K.C. Lute came to the depot with me. Mr. Ward met Mr. Mersellis, Lora Marsh, Mr. Denney and I at Penn Yan. We got here just in time for chapel. I was elected I.M. clerk while at Elmira. Received a book "Phillips Brook's Year Book" as a birthday present from Lute. Sat. Apr. 28. It has rained all day. We have been rowing a great deal this week. The weather had been very pleasant. Sat. May 26. Went over to Aunt Mary Week's. Mr. Thompson, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Hewett, Miss Spencer and I rowed over. Mr. & Mrs. T. and the others went on to Crosby's & I stopped at Finton's & walked up to Aunt Mary's. Delia came up on the afternoon boat, and Vi & her husband came over Sunday, so we had a very pleasant visit. Mr. Thompson come over to Miss Hewett's for Eva, Delia and I. Sunday night Eva rowed back with a boy & girl who were over too, 92 and Mr. T. brought Delia and I. It got quite rough before we got back. Delia stayed until Monday morning & went back on the stage. Sat. June 9. Went to Penn Yan on the afternoon stage and stayed over Sunday with Delia and Helen. The McMaster boys, John and Will, came Sat. eve & stayed until Monday morning. That partly spoiled my visit, but I enjoyed myself very much with Delia. June 7. Received a box of delicious candy from Lute. Sat. June 16. This P.M. Miss Ball, Miss Gray and I went rowing although it was very warm. After supper we went out again, taking some onions and bread & butter and ate them out on the lake. In the evening we all went to the entertainment given by the military company. Sunday June 17. Rev. Mr. Walworth of Penn Yan (Baptist) preached an excellent sermon to the graduating class this morning. Mon. June 18. Miss Julia Ball & I took a row after supper. We crossed the lake & had a lovely time. Went to the Philaleathean society entertainment & later to the reception & banquet. Tue. June 19. Commencement day. Worked hard in the chapel all the A.M. Exercises were very pleasant in P.M. Started at about 6:00 for Penn Yan. Stayed home all the evening. Wed. June 20. Went to commencement at Cook, & later to Alumni93 1894 dinner. Prof. Hill's last year. The classes of '94 & '5 gave him in the chapel a bunch & a basket of beautiful roses. At the dinner he was presented with Emerson's complete works & a solid silver berry ladle. He was quite affected. Everyone spoke nicely of Prof. Hill. Thu. June 21. Miss Gray called this A.M. & we went through the glen. She went on the 3:00 P.M. train. Lutie is here. Sat. June 23. Edna & Lutie went to Elmire this A.M. Lute came down & spent the evening. 9495 Denison University, Granville, Ohio. 1906 Sept. 12. I hardly thought when I last wrote in this book, that I would ever continue it at all, surely not from this place, but here I am, and here I hope to stay for this year. As I had written an account of my experiences at Vassar I thought it might be interesting some time to be able to look over my college experiences at Denison. I am to teach a class in beginning Algebra in the preparatory department of Shepardson College, take charge of Shepardson Cottage and have all college expenses and the amount to pay for my board on the club plan for these services. I think myself quite fortunate. I have a year's leave of absence from East Liverpool and may go back there next year. Sept. 10. I started from home Monday evening at 8:07. Mrs. Van Duzer and Ed Skinner were at the depot to see me off. So, of course, was mother, but father, as usual, refused to go. I left Elmira at 10:45 P.M. on the Erie. Wanted to get a mileage but found it would be good only to Meadeville, Pa., and I would have to have another from there so got a ticket to Newark, O. paying $11.80. Reached Manchester, O., my first Sept 11. change, at 9:30 A.M. after a hot, dusty night. Had to wait there about an hour, then took the B & O. to Newark, reaching there about 12:30 noon. My trunk was not brought promptly to the St. R.R. station, so I had to wait until the 2:00 o'clock car to come to Granville. Found Miss Barker who brought me over to the club House. My trunk soon came and I unpacked some. Only one96 girl, Miss Sefton of Pittsburg, was here but Miss North came later. They are room-mates and seem to be very nice girls. Miss Sefton is subdued, Miss North (from Wis.) breezy. Sept. 12. This morning I went to breakfast at Burton Hall, as we did to supper, then went down town for shopping so we could have dinner, then to see Miss Barker and to register. It took me almost all the morning, running from one to the other, to register. We got lunch, Miss Dickerson having been added to our number in the meantime, and the girls washed the dishes. I have to make some more purchases. I am to study Mediaeval History, French, Pshcyology, and German. That will give me 14 hrs. of work per week, which, with my teaching will be enough. Sept. 16. Thursday (13th) registration continued. I visited the Treasurer, etc. Friday I settled my room a little more as my box had arrived by freight, attended classes and kept busy. Was invited by Mrs. Henry Green, who called on me Wednesday with her daughter (Mrs. Wright I think her name is) to supper. Mrs. Green teaches with Frances Rose in Leland University, New Orleans. She is an elderly lady and seemed very pleasant. I liked her very much, and her daughter too. Mr. Green & Mr. Wright (if that is his name) were also very pleasant. Mr. W. is the dentist here. Mrs. Green wanted me to run in and call at any time, and seemed very cordial. Yesterday (15th) I got my curtains up, pictures, and my room in fairly good condition. Shall have to 97 passepartout some more pictures if I have enough. Brought some along for that purpose. Have to make cover for a little stand and bureau as it (the [...]) is and old-fashioned one and has little boxes on the sides so I cannot use my scarf. I didn't say that after I came home from Mrs. Green's I had to attend a faculty meeting at Burton Hill. Had to come home early purposely, although I hated to. Later in the evening the Y.W.C.A. gave a reception in King Hall. It was very pretty. They served punch but the teachers got there too late for that. It was all gone. The room looked very pretty. The girls sang and we left at an early hour. Studied Saturday evening. Hope I have my French lesson. Got past of the psychology. Must get up early and finish that as it was too late to do it last evening. Sept. 16. Today (Sunday) we all went after breakfast to prayers in King Hall, then later to church and Sunday school. I am to be in Dr. Colwell's class in Evidence of Christianity in S.S. That subject appealed to me. Got a letter from Mr. Bamden yesterday in which he spoke of the way things are going in the E.L. church. He thinks he will have to leave unless Dr. Rose's promised visit puts an end to the mischief done by Chas. Brown and Mrs. Malyn. We have six girls in the Club House now. Lily Bell Sefton is from Pittsburg and has taught quite a little. She is older than the other girls but doesn't look it. She has light hair, blue eyes & is very pretty, a very sweet girl. She has been very homesick & nervous and fainted yesterday. Her room-98 mate, Grace Young, is also pretty, a bright, lively girl, a little thoughtless, but seemingly a nice girl. Orza Dickerson is a music special, a very sweet, kind girl, thoughtful and lovable. She was here two years ago. I like her very much. The two Tracy girls are preps, dear little girls, Joy and Jennie. Jennie was homesick, but is getting over it now. Rahme Haider, the sixth one, is a Syrian girl, dark & pretty. She is 2nd yr. prep. and I think intends being a missionary. I like all the girls very much. Attended B.Y.P.U. and church service this evening. Heard an excellent sermon by the pastor, Dr. Baldwin, in which he made prominent the life and work of Aaron. Feb.3. '07 I didn't intend waiting this long to write again, but it seemed to be impossible for me to find time when I ought, so I will go back and write what I think of now. I have a distinct recollection of the first general (Sept.) reception in Drane Gynmasium. It was, I think, the Friday of the second or third week of school. I went with Orza Dickerson. The gymnasium was very prettily decorated and there was a crush there. Orza had to leave to go down to the Conservatory at the end of an hour to let another girl come up. She introduced me to some whom she knew, in a quick little bird-like way she has, flitting from one to the other, then had to leave. I was alone after she went, a great deal. Served punch a while & was glad to have something to do. At last I found a young boy, a Mr. Means, who seemed as lovely as I was and talked to him the99 rest of the time until it was time to go. I was not sorry when that time came. Miss Jones, one of the teachers came & talked to us a few minutes before we left. I don't think I ever felt more lonely in my life. Late in September or early in October I had the privilege of listening to a talk in Sherman Hall by Dr. Timpanny, a medical missionary to India. He was fine. His theme seemed to be "A missionary must be an all-around man" and it would do a world of good to the student volunteers. Through the fact that no chaperone was provided, there were none of the girls there. One of the young men introduced himself to me, & Dr. Field did the same. I also met Dr. Timpanny, Dr. Field and Mr. Bamden had spoken of me to him. I enjoyed the talk very much. My class-work was somewhat changed for the first semester by Prof. Goodell advising me to drop Mediaeval History, Sophomore work, and take U.S. History, Junior. I told him I wanted credit for that & he said he would give me some work outside of class & would give me an exam & I could make it up in that way. I did so and he gave me credit, partly on work he gave me and partly on my teaching record. Then Prof. William's told me I could make up the required English & after getting permission of Dr. Hunt & Prof. Spencer100 to make up the Logic required, the second semester, I found I could graduate this year, which delights me. I have the English about ready to take an exam. in and expect to take one the first of the week. Events have flowed very smoothly this first semester. I have attended the Monday evening Y.W.C.A. meetings part of the time, the Thursday evening church prayer-meeting regularly and the morning church service. I go to Sunday School part of the time, rarely to B.Y.P.U., usually to evening service. During the first month of college I was invited to a reception given the faculty by Dr. & Mrs. Hunt. Sept. 18 (?) I believe it was Tuesday evening, Sept. 18. I went with Miss Barker as I didn't know the way. Had quite a pleasant time. Met Prof. and Mrs. Carney who were at Keuka College after I left. I liked Mrs. Carney very much and found out that she was a very dear friend of Mary Barnes. Shes said she was coming to call on me. Dr. Hunt told me that he had called the attention of the faculty in a meeting they had held the evening before to an outline he had had me put on the board in Psychology. He said it was well arranged and substantially correct and showed a trained mind. I felt better for his words. I am taking five hours of Psychology with Dr. Hunt, five hours of French with Dr. McKibben, three hours of history (U.S.) with Prof. Goodell and one hour of Methods of Modern 101 Language Teaching with Prof. Willis Chamberlain. Wed. Nov. 28. Had our final exam. in Psychology. It was not hard after Dr. Hunt's review. Nov . 29. Thanksgiving Day. The Club House girls were invited to the dining hall to dinner and we all went except Orza, who was invited out. We enjoyed our dinner very much. After dinner the girls played "Going to Jerusalem" in the Dining Room, then went to Burton Hall and heard Miss Montgomery recite "The Little Strawberry Girl". Then Miss Barker & her niece Juliet, Miss Adams, Misses Walker and Steelman, Rahme Haider and I went for a walk. We walked around a triangle of four miles and came back feeling finely. After Thanksgiving Mrs. Carney called on me and invited me to Sunday dinner. I accepted, of course. Mr. Scheffel, a senior boy, was also there and we got pretty well acquainted. In the afternoon Mr. Lee, a Chinese student, came in. The Carneys had to go to the photograph gallery as Prof. Carney had made arrangements with Mr. Tresize to go before he knew I was coming to dinner & we stayed alone while they were gone. I enjoyed being there very much. Dec. 12. College closed at noon. All but three of us cut Psych. but Dr. Hunt excused us and we were glad we hadn't cut. Miss Alderson, a girl from W.Va. who has recently come to take music, and I started on the 12:30 car for Newark, then took the train to Mansfield. We got there about102 four o'clock. Her brother was there to meet us in his auto, and took us to his home where we had supper, and I had a pleasant little visit until train time. I took the 7:35 P.M. Erie train east and arrived in Elmira the next morning (Friday) at about eight o'clock. Went over to the city to do a little shopping and met Ora. Joined forces with her & we met Mary, Mrs. Carey, Minnie Vernoy or Nettie(?), Leona & her mother-in-law at different times. Ora went to the station with me, hoping to see Edna & Donald whom I was to meet and go on home with. The train came in, as we thought, but no Edna, so Ora went home. I waited for my train and in a few minutes another Erie train came in & Edna & Donald got off and came into the station. We went on home, getting there about 2:00 P.M. I got my Christmas presents ready and sent them off and helped trim a tree for Donald. We had the parlor darkened and lighted the tree up Christmas morning after breakfast. It looked very pretty. It was quite a large tree. Father got it away up on the hill. Donald looked at it then clapped his hands and danced. he said "O, isn't it pretty?" We all had our presents on it. I got so much, a couple of plaid waists & some aprons from father and mother, cloth for a dress & a colored under skirt from Edna, a five dollar bill from Will, that I am going to get my cap and gown with, a picture of Donald, a very pretty collar from May Dixson, a handkerchief, a [...] & a calendar from Miss Flo., a travellilng bag of denim & rubber from Mary Andrews, a picture from Mary Dunham, a 103 handkerchief bag from Miss Campbell, a Keuka College pennant from Mrs. [Durfee], a beautiful center piece from Mrs. [Durfee], some yoke or collar pins from Mrs. Spaid, a book, "Cranford", from Mrs. Harvey, a very pretty china bonbon dish from Clyde, a booklet from Miss Bushong, a Denison banner from my Club House girls, a collar from Miss Alderson, a sachet from Miss Barker, a burnt wood frame from Maude Arnold, two handkerchiefs from Ora, a picture of Mr. & Mrs. Bamden, a button bag from Miss Norton, a chamois, & scissors guard from Mrs. Lumbey, & a gold & white dish from Mr. McCoy. I think I got more than my share. We were so glad Edna and Donald could be with us. It was so good to have them. Will Martin was down for Xmas dinner. Edna and I were invited up to Miss Brigg's one evening for supper. I went but she didn't . Mrs. Van Duzer, Grace Ford, Mary Barnes, & Maude McClure were there. We had a very pleasant time. Mrs. Van Duzer invited us for Dec. 31st. for the evening to a reception. I went, but Edna didn't. Had a very pleasant time. Got home a little after 11:00 P.M. Mary Goldsmith was there and told me about the resignation of Pres. John Chester Ball of Keuka College. At midnight the Episcopal bell tolled Jan. 1, 1907. 1907 times by actual count and ten times that by calm (!) estimate. Ed. Skinner called twice while we were home, and it seemed as if all our friends called. I tried to see some. Made an outing flannel gown, two waists, a skirt & tucked the yoke of a waist mother made for me. 104 Jan. Dr. Eubank, one of our medical missionaries, spoke in Sherwin Hall. I went up with Miss Barker. A lot of the girls went. We had a fine, inspiring talk. Dr. Hunt, in introducing Dr. Eubank, said: "We measure a man by the height of his ambitions, by the depth of his convictions, and by the breadth of his interests and sypmathies." Judged by that standard he thought we were to hear from one of the greatest men of the time. Jan. 27. A little before Thanksgiving I was invited to Sunday evening lunch with Miss Montgomery, Fernald and Chaffee so I returned the invitation and had them here. I had fried oysters, celery, brown & white bread & butter sandwiches, cocoa, cherries (canned) & cake. We had a very pleasant time. After they had gone I took my chafing dish & some oysters I had left up to Lily bell Sefton's room, where the girls were & fried the oysters for them. I had turned a pail of hot cocoa up my sleeve early in the evening & it had blistered my arm & rubbed off the blister so it was quite sore. Spilled the cocoa down the front of my new brown skirt, too. (Dec. '06) Just before the holidays I had the girls come to my room for a chafing dish supper one Sunday evening. We had a Welch rarebit, the first I had ever made, & it was good. I was so glad it was. The girls enjoyed it, too. Jan. 28-30. Exams. from Monday until Wednesday. I had French each day, German Tuesday, History the Friday previous, Hist. of Phil. Wednesday. I know I didn't do well in Phil. for I simply couldn't thinkg at all. My brain was in a [muteled] condition. 105 1907 Thursday, Jan. 31. Dr. Woelfkin was to have preached to us at 10:00 A.M. in the chapel but his train was delayed and he didn't get here so Dr. Hunt preached, and he gave us an excellent sermon. Dr. Woelfkin talked in the lecture-room of the church at 2:00 and preached in the evening. Feb. 1. Friday Dr. Woelfkin had a meeting for the boys at 10:00 A.M., one for the girls at 3:00 P.M. and preached in the church in the evening. I enjoy every one of his talks. He looks like a plain business man, but he gives such helpful sermons. He is fine. He met the girls just before prayers in King Hall Thursday evening. Feb. 2. Saturday there was only a meeting at 4:00 P.M. in Recital Hall. I didn't go, for I had so much else to do. Feb. 3. Heard Dr. Woelfkin preach this morning. Had an excellent sermon. Did not stay to Sunday School but came home and started dinner. There was a meeting in Recital hall at 4:00 P.M. but I did not go. In the evening chaperoned the girls to B.Y.P.U. in Miss Chaffee's place, but didn't have to come home before church as all the girls stayed. It was Dr. Woelfkin's last sermon. He spoke of the outward repulsion and inward attraction of the Christian life. He said that nothing really good is outwardly attractive, everything has some repellent feature, something we must give up to get it. He spoke of education as an example. Nov. 10. 1906. We heard a fine lecture by Dr. Geo. E. Vincent. It was at the Opera House. I sat next Miss Montgomery & came back with her and Miss Barker. The Opera House is a little stuffy place.106 Dec. 13, 1906. We heard Mr. William Harper, a basso, this evening. Miss Ferrar played his accompaniaments. He has a fine voice and I enjoyed the evening very much. 1907, Jan. 22. Dr. Chas. Eastman the Sioux Indian lectured, but I didn not go as I chaperoned a part of girls to Newark to see "The College Widow". It was quite good and I enjoyed it. About 200 went from Granville, many of the faculty. There were two st. cars crowded. ? During the first semester I attended a sonata recital by Prof. Judson that was delightful. He played the violing and Miss Dorothy Kibbler the accompaniment. I enjoyed it immensely as I did an impromptu recital later by Miss Emily Ferrar who was here visiting her sister. Miss Ferrar has a fine voice. Mrs. Wilson, our vocal teacher also gave a recital which was delightful. She has a rich, sweet voice of great power, but I liked Miss Ferrar's evern better. We, that is some of the teachers, are meeting each Sunday morning at 8:15 for Bible study. I enjoy it very much. We are studying Sanders & Kent's "The Messages of the Lating Prophets". It gives me many new ideas. Feb. 4. Registration day. I have registered for Philosophy, 5 hrs, French, 4 hrs., History, 3 hrs., and Logic, 4 hrs. Went to a prayer meeting in Recital hall at 6:00 o'clock, then to the faculty prayer meeting in Miss Barker's room. One girl in the prayer meeting quoted a remark of Dr. Chivers in his talk here last year. It was, "The brave of the world in care, the cure for care is prayer, the end of prayer is peace". Have 107 written to Frances Ross & Cousin Maude, and am going to write some more letters while I have time. Heard Friday of the death Wednesday (Jan. 30) of May Dixson's father. They will miss him sadly. Tue. Feb. 5. Dr. Ira M. Price of Chicago University spoke to us this morning in chapel. He is a D.U. Alumnus. He left two thoughts with me., "We cannot get away from our record", and "What we think will soon be what we are". His talk was fine. Went down to Prof. Williams' at 7:00 P.M. and took an oral exam on Junior English. That finishes my required English. It wasn't bad at all. Glad to be through with it. Wed. Feb. 6. Miss Benedict gave an organ recital in Recital hall at 8:00 P.M. Mrs. Wilson was to have sung, but had a severe cold and could not. I enjoyed the recital very much, especially the first number, Otto Malling's, "Githsemane, Golgotha, Calvary", and Felix Borowski'sl "Menuet". She plays beautifully. The last number, Carl Piutti's Sonate in G.Minor, Finale, showed a wonderful amount of pedalling. Fri. Feb. 8. Attended Enterpe Society this evening and was one of the judges on debate. Wanted to go to Philo. as Grace North debated there. This is preliminary to the debate between the two societies. Attended the Language Association at 3:30 P.M. Sat. Feb. 9. Went to Elsie Wright's room after supper then to Mary Montgomery's. Stayed until 9:30, then pressed my gown. We are to wear them to chapel Monday for the first. Invited Miss Ferrar to lunch with me tomorrow evening, but she couldn't come as Mrs. Wilson & Sam would be there [one]108 1907. Sunday and she felt she ought to stay with her. Samuel is sick, has pneumonia and is very bad. Sunday, Feb. 10. Went to church in the morning and in the evening. Heard two good sermons by Dr. Baldwin. Wrote some letters in the afternoon. The girls all came to my room for evening lunch & I gave them some creamed oysters cooked in my chafing dish. They seemed to enjoy them. Grace North didn't come as she was invited out by one of the girls in one of the dorms. Mon. Feb. 11. The seniors wore cap and gown for the first time today. We met in Prof. William's recitation room and put them on then all marched up to chapel, girls ahead, across from the boy's stairway to our places. The others cheered. Cut in Ethics today & tomorrow. Prixy is away. Rahme Haider heard today that her mother is dead. She feels very badly broken up, of course. I feel very sorry for her. Heard an excellent talk on Chinese girls at Y.W. by Mrs. Sweet of Hachow, China. They are here on furlough & are to return next year. It was very interesting. After that went to faculty meeting. Got a picture of Maude this evening. Tue. Feb. 12. The first "Senior Circus" this evening. The boys of the Junior class had liberally spread handbills advertising "Willie's Wonders", minstrels, and distributed them through the audience. The "Circus", which was an oratorical exhibition of the senior boys taking part, was attended by most of the class in cap and gown, the class being seated in the rear middle seats in Recital Hall. After the performance, Elsie Wright, Ida Wickenden and I went down town and had a Sundae.109 The Juniors dressed in fantastic attire and sat in the middle front seats. The hall was crowded, many went away. Rahme Haider heard of the death of her mother in Syria. She is almost frantic with grief. Fri. Feb. 15. Went over to Mrs. Carney's after supper and borrowed a coat and vest of Prof. Carney's to wear tomorrow evening in the Senior "Stunt" at a fancy dress party to be given. Came home and washed my hair. Rahme Haider was in my room until nearly 10:00 o'clock. Sat. Feb. 16. Wend down town, studied French and went to the Gym. to practice for the Faculty "stunt" for this evening. They have changed it. After dinner did some errands. At 4:30 practiced for the senior stunt. Had to be at the gym. at 6:45 to take in money at the gallery. Two girls helped me. After most of the people had come we went down stairs. Those who wore fancy costume were on the first floor, those who didn't dress in costume, in the gallery. I was dressed as a witch with my college gown, short black cape and hight pointed cap. Wore my hair down my back. We had a grand march, then the "stunts", then they danced. I marched with Miss Adams. The Senior stunt was first. We had a minstrel show. I was interlocutor. I wore Prof. Carney's dress suit, a derby hat, a pair of gym. bloomers. The girls of the class were blackened and dressed in fantastic garb. Mary Montgomery was to have taken a prominent part, but she was called home at the last minute by the death of a friend and the illness of her mother so we had to do the best we could without her. We had very little practice. We had songs & a song & dance by110 1907 by Laura Beitler, jokes and a cake-walk. It was quite a success. The conservatory stunt was a music lesson given to the daughter of Mrs. Wiggs, with her mother's assistance. Mrs. Wilson, vocal teacher, was Mrs. Wiggs. The conservatory also gave the "Kitchen symphony", played on a glass, a pitcher, a frying pan, a tin pan and two tin kettle covers. Ethel Reese was conductor, with a large kitchen spoon for baton. It was fine. The Senior Preps came in in a procession in night dresses carrying candles. Then followed the "Semi Stages of Womanhood", by the town girls, then first was a mother with her children about her, saying their prayers and playing with dolls, next was a childrens tea party, then followed school girls about 16, then the college graduates with books, tennis racket, basket ball, etc., fourth and fifth a wedding, sixth, the first child, seventh the widow. The faculty stunt was "Registration Day", with Miss Peckham as Dean Barker and Miss Barker as Mrs. Raymond, a lady who brings her daughter, Geraldine May, to college. Eleanor Chaffee was her daughter. The costumes were fine. Eleanor Chaffee had a real Scotch Highland costume, Mrs. Altrugy a Mexican costume, Miss Barker was a Greek lady, Misses Peckham & Stanton two English Lords, Miss Jones a negro valet. Mrs. Baldwin, the pastors wife, dressed as a man, Mrs. Hunt, a nun. There were two Little Bo Peeps, a Queen of Hearts (Jennie, Gracy) paper dolls, Indians, Japanese, Kitchen girls, men, women & children. We all enjoyed it very much. 111 Everything passed off very pleasantly. It was a great success. Sun. Feb. 17. Went to church morning and evening and heard two fine sermons by Dr. Baldwin. Asked Miss Ferrar to lunch with me this evening. Had creamed oysters, cooked with my chafing dish, Waldorf salad, bread & butter sandwiches, celery, cocoa, cake, and ginger pears I brought from home. Wrote my home letter this afternoon but no others. Wed. Feb. 20. Lecture course entertainment, The Philharmonic String Quartette, of Cleveland. I chaperoned. It was very good. Thur. Feb. 21. I read my paper on "The Elementary Course in German in Secondary Schools" in the Language Association. Profs. McKibben and chamberlin ("Dutch") said some very kind things to me about it. Patrick and Thomas of our French class were there, I think because Prof. McKibben spoke of it in our French class this morning. Went to prayer meeting in the evening. Fri. Feb. 22. Holiday. Senior banquet in the evening. I didn't go, neither did Elsie Wright, as she came to supper with me. Studied, read and served in the evening, also wrote some letters. Sat. Feb. 23. Studied some, served some, read & wrote a letter or two. Sun. Feb. 24. Heard Rev. A.S.Carmare preach this morning in behalf of the Ohio Educational Society. His theme was "The Master Key" and he plead for life lived in every part of the Palace of Life not in two or three rooms only. As the Master Key to open the doors he offered godliness. The thought "A rut is only a grave with both ends extended to infinity" I liked. 112 1907 Feb. 28. Went to the dentist's (Dr. Davis) in the afternoon to have a tooth filled. In the evening attended a lecture in Recital Hall by Mr. Jackson, Secretery of the Associated Charities of Cleveland. His subject was "Organized Charity" and his talk was very good. When asked by Dr. Hunt to distinguish between poverty and pauperism he said, "Poverty is a matter of the pocket-book, pauperism is a matter of the mind". He quoted in regard to charitable work "First plan your work, then work your plan". Studied until 1:30 A.M. as I had a hard lesson in Ethics, & was behind. March 3 Sunday. Went to church in the morning but not in the evening. It was communion Sunday. We have had snow flurries all day today. It seems quite a little colder tonight, though not seven yet. Ordered my commencement dress, or rather the cloth, yesterday. It is to be white point d'esprit trimed with white satin ribbon. Shall make it myself. Mch. 6. Took a long walk in the afternoon, walked four miles. It was a beautiful day, just cool enough to make a walk enjoyable. Went alone. In the evening attended a lecture by Prof. Judson in Recital Hall. He give a brief lecture, illustrated by stereoptism on Bach and Handel, and illustrated their works by pianola. I enjoyed it very much. The cloth for my dress came. Monday I received a package from mother, containing my black & white check dress that I got the cloth for Xmas. It's made very prettily & she has trimmed the front with eyelet embroidery. Her eyes have been so bad I am sorry she did, but it is very pretty. March 8. Friday The Philo-Enterpean Literary contest took place this evening. The societies occupied different sides of Recital Hall, the boys were wearing different society colors, and most of them 113 were, standing in the side aisles, for there were not seats enough to accomodate all. There were songs from both, cheers etc., before the contest began, and while the judges were out. They were out a long time, then it was declared that Enterpe had everything. It didn't seem a just decision. Eveyone objects, and Miss Barker went over the markings again and awarded a tie to the essay. Sat. Mch. 9. Went to supper with Bertha Heacock and spent most of the evening with her & Elsie Wright. Came home and found a letter from father and one from the Fisk Agency informing me of a vacancy at Bloomsburgh,(Pa.) Norman School. Wrote a letter there and copied testi normals, and didn't get to bed until after 1:00 o'clock. Sun. Mch. 10. Heard Dr. Ketman, the Secretary of the Western Section of the A.B.P.S. this morning. He gave us an excellent talk. Mon. Mch. 11. Heard an illustrated lecture on "Bismya, the oldest city in the world", by Dr. Edgar J. Banks, director of the Babylonian Expedition of the University of Chicago. It was a rare treat. He described the expedition, methods of work, treasures found and showed many interesting pictures. It made me crazy to take a course in ancient history with him or some one else who had gone to the sources. This year at Denison is a privilege, even outside class-room work. Wed. Mch. 13. Cut in ethics today. Received an invitation from Mr. Patrick to attend the lecture Monday evening. Attended a lecture, illustrated with stereoptism & pianola by Prof. Judson in Recital Hall. 114 1907 Thur. Mch. 14. Attended prayer meeting in the evening. Fri. Mch. 15. Attended Philo and was judge on a debate between Elsie Wright and Ida Wickenden. The subject was rediculous. It was "Resolved that if it takes 36 yrs. of yellow calico to make an elephant a slink waist, it will take a corresponding length of time for a cockroach with a wooden leg to bore through a cake of Sapolio". The affirmation (Ida) won. It was a lot of fun. Mon. Mch. 18. Mr. Patrick called this P.M. Miss Ferrar was here when he called. He took me to the lecture in the evening. It was by Senator Dolliver of Iowa and was very good. Tue. Mch. 19. Got a letter today telling me that Edna has a little girl, born Sunday, St. Patrick's Day. Am so glad she is a girl. Thur. Mch. 21. Heard a lecture by Prof. Judson on Schubert & Beethoven, illustrated by stereoptism & pianola. It was very good. It was the third and all have been excellent. Fri. Mch. 22. The Philomatheon Society gave their extra this evening. It was "The Princess" and was well given. The costumes for the principal characters were rented in Columbus & were good, of course. The girls all did well, especially Mary McKibben, the Princess. I went with Elsie Wright & Bertha Heacock. Mon. Mch. 25. Exam. in History. Began at 1:00 & lasted until 3:00. Quite hard but fair. Mch. 26. Exam. in Ethics. It was not hard nor long. I was through in 35 minutes. Hope I get a good grade.115 Mch. 27, Wednesday. Started on the 11:30 A.M. car for Cambridge. Mr. Samuels came to the Club House and carried my suit case to the car for me. It was raining. We got to Newark and found the 12:30 B & D train which we were to take later. It still rained. The train didn't come until 2:55. Mr. Theodore Johnson & his cousin Effie were to take the same train. Mr. Bamden was at the station in Cambridge to meet me. It had stopped raining and we walked home. Went to prayer meeting in the evening. Mch. 28-30 Sewed most of the time on my graduating dress. Mch. 31. Sunday. Mr. Bamden being with the Salem church, Mrs. Bamden & I attended the First Baptist Church, after going to Sunday School at the Mission. Heard Rev. David Carman, the pastor, a younger brother of Mr. Augustus Carman of Granville. It was a pretty good sermon. Tue. April 1. Mrs. Bamden received a telegram that Mr. McCoy would be here on the 12:15 train. Mr. Bamden left for the Minister's Conference at Granville yesterday, so I went to the depot to meet Mr. McCoy. Wed. Apr. 2. Mr. McCoy took Mrs. Bamden and me through the glass factory. It is one of the largest in the world. It was very interesting. The men gathered the molten glass on the end of a rod from the furnaces, put it in a mould and pressed it into shape. Then the dish or pitcher or whatever it was, was reheated by boys & passed to men who turned it, shaping it with a stick dipped in water. Some things, such as globes for gold-fish, were blown. That was interesting too. They were not116 1907 engraving when we were there, so we couldn't see that process. Mr. McCoy got a little glass dish for each of us as a souvenir. Thursday, April 4. Started home on the 12:15 train. Mr. Bamden came in from Granville while we were at the station. He had started on the 5:30 car from Granville to get that early train home, then found in Newark that the train was there hours late. Mr. Samuels was on the train and was very kind to me, carried my suit case home, etc. He seems a fine young man. Went over to practice with the Senior girls for the play in the evening, or rather to see Miss Eckhart, who is drilling them, about my duties as business manager, and was pressed into taking two unimportant parts. It isn't hard, but will take some time for practice. Fri. Apr.5. Classes today. Rahme Haider hasn't come back yet. Sat. Apr.6. The Senior Class and some others are invited to Prof. Spencer's Tuesday evening. They are to dress in costume, and I am asked to represent some nation. I counted on Rahme Haider's helping me to get up a Syrian costume but she isn't here. Miss Parsons told me Ruth Carlin has a Chinese costume which she thought she would lend so I asked her and she lent it to me. It is a beauty. There are brocaded silk trousers in light green, a cherry colored skirt, handsomely embroidered, a coat of light yellow with sleeves, another sleeveless one of red, all embroidered, & she said she would get shoes & hair ornaments for me. The costume is beautiful. 117 Sun. Apr. 7. It rained this morning so I couldn't wear my Easter gown & hat. Well, nobody much did wear them, so I didn't care. Hope it will be warm next Sunday. Tuesday, April 9. Went to the Senior Reception given by Prof. and Mrs. Spencer, chaperoned though I didn't care to. I wore the Chinese costume Ruth Carlin lent me. The shoes were such as Chinese men and the women who do not practice foot-biding wear. They had high soles (pencil drawing of the chinese shoe) and were of green, red and maroon-colored satin, embroidered with gold & colors. I had seven hair ornaments, two of gold shaped like birds on spiral wire springs which went on each side of my front hair and the others of colors with had fringe, some of them and little springs of gilt wire with a bead on the end projecting from them & moving as my head moved. Mrs. Carlin said the blue of the decorations of the ornaments was made of the feathers of the King bird. At the party each one was given a little booklet in which to write the names of persons present and what they represented. Latin prizes for best & worst record were given. Then we had a little puzzle made of card-board to solve. We had refreshments consisting of egg salad, creamed chicken, pickles, lemonade, pineapple ice and two kinds of cake. We reached home about 11:00 P.M. Mr. Schoeffel took me to supper and came home with me. It was a rainy, unpleasant evening. We. Apr. 10. There was a Faculty recital at 4:00 P.M. in Recital Hall in which Prof. Judson and Miss Kibler took part. Miss K. [writing in left margin] I forgot to mention a silver article with colored enamel shaped something like this, worn on a bottom of the coat. (1) is used to clean the ears, it is an ear spoon, (2) is a pointed instrument used to scratch the head and clean the teeth, (3) is a small pair of tweezers to pull out hairs on the face, (4) is a small blade to cut sweetmeats, (5) was broken off. I also wore on another button a small now hand-mirror. I carried a fan & maroon silk embroidered handkerchief. [the numbers in the description match the numbers on the drawing in the margin] 118 played from Mss. for the first time, an original romance from an original sonata by Prof. Wood. At 7:00 o'clock there was a lecture on Musical Appreciation by Prof. Judson which was also good. Thursday April 11. Attended prayer meeting then a lecture by Prof. Bowen of Meadville Theological School, Allegheny, Pa., on "Charles Wagner and the 'Simple Life'". It was fairly good. Friday, Apr. 12. Attended Enterpe Extra this evening. It consisted of a drill, a short play entitled "Ladies of Athens", music, and a pantomime. The last was the best. All was good but the whole not up to the Philo. extra. Sat. Apr. 13. Cleaned my room and put up clean curtains, got my French lesson, went down town, studied in the library in the afternoon & finished my history thesis, ironed, called on Mrs. Orcutt and wrote to Mrs. Bamden in the evening. Sun. Apr. 14. My birthday. How fast they come! Stayed at home from church this morning and read to Rahme Haider, who is still sick. Am invited to Elsie Wright's to lunch this evening. Mon. Apr. 15. The Senior Girl's Prize Essay contest took place this evening. The essays were all fairly good, but not scholarly, not more than one might expect of an unusually bright High School pupil. Mary McKibben got first and Bess Wilson second prize. After the contest all the girls went down to Case's and had ice cream Sundaes, or something else. We got back about 11:00 P.M. I led Y.W.C.A. prayer meeting at 6:00 P.M. Subject "Position Living". 119 Tue. Apr. 16. The Glee Club concert took place in Recital Hall at 8:00 o'clock. It was very good, the solos by Mr. Fox (basso), Mr. Possons (trombone), Mr. Legler (with harp accompaniament), duet by Mary Montgomery (cornet) & Mr. Possons (trombone) were the features of the performances. Wed. Apr. 17. Prof. King of the Pittsburg School of vocal expression gave a lecture in the Opera House. I didn't go but he gave a short Thur. Apr. 18. chapel talk Thursday morning which was very good. I didn't go to prayer-meeting nor to Mr. Legler's recital this evening. Stayed home and worked. Fri. Apr. 19. Went to luncheon at Mrs. E.W. Hunt's. Had a delightful time. The table was decorated with an immense bunch of crimson roses in the center & a rose at each plate. The place cards each had a crimson rose painted on them. The table was set without cloth and the doilies were very pretty. The first course was grape fruit with two red marachino cherries on each half. Then we had bouillion with whipped cream on it, saltines and celery. Then came creamed chicken in bread cases, bread sticks, potato cakes which looked like gems, and olives. Then we had ice cream in the form of red roses with leaves & a stem on each plate so that it looked quite natural, fruit cake, and lastly coffee and macaroons. We had as favors at each place a clothes-pin dressed like a college girl in cap & gown carrying a diploma tied with red ribbon. The diploma contained our fortunes. Mine read, "I married for money, but I lead a good life And my millionaire husband secured a nice wife I ride in my Auto. & loook very grand, There's no finer lady than I in the land."120 1907. I went directly from Mrs. Hunt's to class (History.) The Chi Psi girls entertained the senior girls in their sorority house from 4:00 until 5:00. We enjoyed talking with the girls & had cocoa & wafers for refreshments. At 8:00 o'clock the Shepardson faculty gave a reception to Dr. & Mrs. Cole, & Dr. & Mrs. Herrick. Dr. Cole was formerly a prof. in the university & is now going to Vassar as asso. prof. Dr. Herrick goes to Chicago University as Professor on Neurology in the Graduate School. It was in Stone Hall Reception Room and was a pleasant function. It was quite informal. The Denison Professors & wives, the trustees & their wives from Granville & Newark were there. After refreshments, which consisted of coffee, pickles, & sandwiches, oranges cut up with grated cocoa-nut on top & seved in slusht cups, & wafers, we had speeches by Dr. Hunt, Dr. Cole & Dr. Herick, Mr. Davis, Prof. Hendly, Mr. Burton Case & others. At a late hour (12:15) we came home. Sat. Apr. 20. Had the D.U. boys who live in Hubbard to supper. Harold Tray didn't get here until we were through supper as he worked & thought they were invited for the evening. After the boys went home we, that is Grace, Lilybell, Joy & I, went to the B.Y.P.U. social. There were magazine names to guess, little bags of candy which we were to give one from each time we said "yes" or "no" as a forfeit, a march refreshments (ice & wafers) & we came home at 9:30. Sun. Apr. 21. A beautiful day. Jennie is ill & I didn't go to church. Rahme went for the first time since vacation. All the club house girls were invited to dinner by girls from other buildings. Jennie was sick and couldn't go. I went with Elva Blakeman.121 Sat at Miss Peckham's table. Had a very pleasant time. Am invited to lunch at Mrs. Carney's. Later: Had a very pleasant time at Mrs. Carney's. Miss Hoover the English teacher at the High School was there also. I stayed until almost nine o'clock. Thur. Apr. 25. Went to prayer meeting. There were several baptized after meeting. It was a very pretty service, and very impressive. Practiced for the senior play after meeting. Fri. Apr. 26. Went over and stayed with Bertha Heacock while Elsie went to society. Bertha had to stay in the hall. Sat. Apr. 27. Elsie Wright & I went out & took our books this P.M. It is quite warm & sunny for a change. Sun. Apr. 28. Elsie, & Bertha were over to lunch with me this evening. It is a lovely evening & has been a lovely day. Wed. May 1. Went to the Shepardson Glee Club concert in Recital Hall. It was fairly good. They had some good local hits. The leading part was "The Lady of Shalott" sung by Blonda Watt and the Glee Club. Thur. May 2. Went to practice with the Senior girls. When I came back I found that Lily Bell Sefton had been taken sick suddenly & Mrs. Hunt, Miss Barker & the Doctor were here. It was a form of hysteria, brought on by over-work and not taking care of herself. Mrs. Hunt stayed until 11:15, when she was asleep. I stayed in her room on a cot, but didn't sleep much. Lilybell slept until 2:31 when she waked up & didn't go to sleep again, although I got a few cat-naps. Miss Barker wanted me to stay out of classes the next morning and rest, but of course I didn't. 122 1907. Fri. May 3. There was a reception in Doane Gymnasium but I didn't go. I stayed with Lily Bell. Didn't care to go anyway. Sat. May 4. Went to the reception, or rather tea given by Miss Ferrar at 4:00. Had a pleasant time. Refreshments consisted of tea, strawberries & whipped cream in pastry cases, wafers & mints. In the morning attended a reception given by the Juniors to the Seniors and Faculty. Had a very pleasant time. Wore my white dress & red roses given me by Lily Bell. Sun. May 5. Had Harold Tracy, Misses Samuels & Hazen to dinner. In the afternoon Lily Bell went for a drive with Miss Fernald and Rahme, Grace, Elizabeth Johnson & I went for a walk. Picked a few violets. It has been a cold, wet spring and the flowers are late. We had our last Faculty Bible Class today. I have enjoyed them very much. Sat. May 11. In the afternoon Mrs. Carney and Miss Worth, (Franc) who is at O.S.U., Columbus, & spending Sunday with the Carneys, came over and I took them through the Shepardson buildings. Then I went to Carney's to supper. Had a lovely time and stayed until 9:00 o'clock. Misses Lin and Tan, Chinese students, the former at Denison and the latter at O.S.U. came in during the evening. Mr. Tan, whom I had never seen before, has a fine face. Sun. May 12. In the morning Prof. Carney and Miss Worth called for me to go up to the Geological department. We saw the department and Prof. Carney explained what was of interest to us. It was fine. It has unusually good equipment, being123 one of the best equipped geological departments in the county, much finer than Cornell. I was too late in getting back to get ready for church, so didn't go until evening. Went for a walk in the P.M. with Elsie Wright and Bertha Heacock to Columbus Bridge, then back through Lover's Lane. Got some beautiful violets. Mon. May 13. Sent some violets to Edna and to Mrs. Harvey. Wed. May 15. Senior girls conducted chapel in Recital Hall this A.M. We all wore cap and gown. Ida Wickenden presided. We read the scripture lesson responsively one of us reading a verse then the school next, etc. I led in prayer, Clara Roudebush sang, Mary Montgomery playing the organ and several of the girls gave notices, Elsie Wright making a little speech about the care of the campus. Thur. May 18. Got up at 5:00 A.M. Elsie Wright, Bertha Heacock and I took the 6:30 car for Newark. Did some shopping then took the 8:05 limited electric for Ganesville. It rained hard at 5:00 o'clock, but was bright and clear at 6:30 so the girls didn't take an umbrella, although I did. It rained by fits and starts all day, but not hard when we were obliged to be out, so we didn't get wet. We took a car for the Weller Pottery, Putnam Avenue and went to the sales rooms where we found Miss McDowell or something like that who formed that we were from Granville and knew Miss Barker, Miss Parsons and the others who go there often, she was very nice to me and gave us great bargains. I have 16 pieces of pottery, Lonelsa ware, green, dark & light, & French ware, part124 1907 of them for Edna, who wanted me to get her some to give away for Christmas presents. I think them beautiful. All who have seen them think I got great values. We got home on the 1:30 car, much earlier than we expected. Sun. May 19. Mrs. Reed and the Misses Southwick of Martins Ferry who are visiting her, her two sons and Mrs. Samuels called this afternoon. I took the ladies through the Shepardson buildings. Tue. May 21. May Music Festival began today with a lecture on the music of the various programs by Prof. Gantroot of Cincinnati. It was very good. I went with Bertha Heacock. In the evening Elsie Wright and I attended the "Stabat Mater", by the Chorus, assisted by Mrs. Genevieve Wilson of N.Y., our Mrs. Wilson, Mr. James, tenor, and our Mr. Legler, bass, soloists. It was fine. The Stabat Mater was the second part of the program. Wed. May 22. Attended the Artist's recital at 3:30 P.M. with Elsie Wright. It was fine. The "artists" were those who assisted last evening. Thur. May 23. Attended the Children's Concert in the forenoon and the Orchestra Recital in the afternoon. The Children were interesting and did well. The Chicago Orchestra was to have been here, but the Columbus Orchestra took its place. It was very good. Tue. May 28. Agassiz Day. Was celebrated at Barney Hall. Elsie Wright, Lilybell Sefton and I went. The program, consisting of talks by Drs. Hunt, Herrick, Prof. Carney and Stickney, was very interesting, after which we examined Science Hall.125 The Seniors who are doing the Science work wore cap and gown and conducted people around. Mr. Forsythe took us. We had tea and wafers in one of the rooms and stayed so long that we were late for supper. Thur. May 30. It was a beautiful day. Grace North, Joy Tracy and I went go Alligator Mound in the afternoon then took our supper & we all, with two friends of Rahme who are here for the day from Columbus, went to Spring Valley. Had a delightful time. The visitors were Miss Willoughby and Miss Smith, the latter only 13 yrs. old. Fri. May 31. Maude Bruce gave me a dozen beautiful carnations and the Club House girls gave me a D.U. pin for a graduating present. I was delighted. It was lovely of them. Lilybell presented it with a speech, then Orza sang a song composed for the occasion. Sun. June 2. I gave the girls at dinner each $3.00 I had saved from the money given me for provisions. They were delighted as well as surprised and at once went over and got Mrs. Hunt and told her. Lilybell was in my room all the afternoon and Elizabeth Johnson came in part of the time. Mr. Sweet, of Hangchow, China, preached in the evening an excellent sermon. Mon. Jne. 3. Got a beautiful and dainty shoulder shawl of white point d'esprit and wool from May. Charles Warner gave me a picture of a Mound Builder's mound. Last Y.W.C.A. meeting. Faculty meeting after it and then Senior practice. Went to the Faculty-Senior ball game at 3:30. It was 10-7 in favor of Faculty.126 1907 Wed. June 5 Got a beautiful cut-glass dish from Mr. McCoy. It is my first piece of cut glass and I am delighted with it. The Senior girls entertained the Junior girls at Stone Hall from 3:30 until 5:00. On papers provided for the purpose the Juniors wrote the names of the Seniors, then an appropriate nick-name, then their future vocation. Many were very funny. The Pres. of the Senior girls gave the Senior Parlor to the Juniors, gift to take effect at the beginning of the next school year. Sherbet and cakes were served and after a social time, the Juniors left. I went to Mrs. Rose's to supper and met Mrs. Dye, wife of one of our foreign missionaries, Miss Brooks and a friend of hers. After supper I went to Mrs. Orcutt's to see Mrs. Bamden who came at 3:30 and then to the gym. where the Seniors had a "stunt". It was a "childrens party". We blew soap bubbles, played marbles and had for refreshments lemonade in a wash tub with tin cups, bread & milk in tin cups & on paper plates & gingerbread. We spent quite a pleasant evening. Thur. June 6. Received a pretty tea spoon from Grace Thompson. Charlie Warner gave me a picture of an Indian mound near Newark. Mrs. Bamden came to supper with me and stayed until 9:15. I then went to practice for the play. She gave me $4.00 to get something for a commencement present. I think I shall get a Denison spoon. Fri. June 7. Last exams. today. All the girls but Grace and Rahme left. It seems quite lonely. Got a beautiful white fan from Clyde. Sat. June 8. Senior Girl's Play, the "Taming of the Shrew". It went off finely & was a great success in every way. I took the part of the [...] which Elsie Wright was to have had, because she was 127 not well. After the play all the girls but Elsie, whom Miss Barker wouldn't allow, went to Mrs. Light's for supper. Miss Eckert went with us. Had a good time. Clara Roudebush's engagement was announced by Mary Montgomery. Decided to have a circular letter. Sun. June 9. Baccalaureate Sunday. The sermon was by Dr. Hunt, who gave us an excellent sermon from the text John 10,10. Dr. Hunt is an inspiration. I believe each one longed for the "abundant life" of which he spoke. In the morning the seniors all went down into the church together and wore cap and gown. In the evening we had an excellent sermon again, this time by Rev. Raymond M. West, of St. Paul, Minn. I went with Mrs. Bamden. Mon. June 10. Settled up most of the Senior Play Bills. Was over to Mrs. Orcutt's to supper with Mr. & Mrs. Bamden. Tue. June 11. In the A.M. attended the Academy commencement & had to sit on the platform. Quite a large class of boys & a few girls graduated. Didn't go to the other things. Was at supper at Dr. Herrick's with Mr. & Mrs. Bamden. Had a deligtful time & didn't get home until almost 9:00 o'clock, then went over to Carney's to tell Mrs. Carney that I would accept her invitation to stay over Sunday with her. Wed. June 12. The Class of '07 had breakfast at Mrs. Mitchell's instead of the campus as it rained last night & again this morning. Had a very nice breakfast, then toasts, then organized & are to have a class letter & a reunion every 3 years. At 10:00 o'clock I made my report to the girls & turned over the money left from play to the Treas. Clara Roudebush. At a little after 10:00 we had Class Day exercises in Sherwin Hall, as it rained. Mr. Cowell had the class history, Mary McKibben read [...] from which she & Laura Beithen had written, 128 1907 Mary Montgomery had a very bright prophecy, and the Pres., Mr. Beatty, presented the class shoe to the Junior Class. Mr. Lloyd, '08, responded. Then we went down to the church and Prexy told us where we must sit tomorrow. Elsie Wright and I came up with Dr. Hunt. Went to Doane Gymnasium when we attended the Shepardson College Alumnae luncheon. After some toasts and speeches Miss Hines, the President, welcomed the class of '07, and Clara Roudebush responded for the class. I did some errands after lunch, and ironed some. After supper went to Mrs. Orcutt's but Mr. & Mrs. Bamden were not there, then went to the kitchen window & talked to Maud, then made some fudge and took some to Elsie's room. Stayed until 9:00 o'clock, ironed some, packed some & am going to bed. It is raining. Hope it will not rain tomorrow. Thur. June 13. Commencement day! This has been a beautiful day. After breakfast went down to Stone to take a photograph to Mary Montgomery and exchanged also with Bess Wilson and Ida Wilkenden. Clara Roudebush had brought hers over before. About 9:30 or a little after, the procession, headed by the Denison Board descended the hill and passed through the campers. As it formed the band came first, then the Alumnae and friends, then the students, then seniors, girls then boys in each course, then faculty & trustees. At the church all stopped formed in double line & the last passed in first, 129 then those next, etc., until all entered, the faculty and trustees leading. Dr. Hunt was in cap & gown, but the gowns for the rest of the faculty didn't come, so they couldn't wear them. The seniors wore theirs, of course. After the program & awarding of diplomas, prizes were awarded. Went to the Alumni dinner with Mr. & Mrs. Bamden. We had a good dinner and some excellent toasts. Mr. Marsh, son of a former professor & himself a graduate of Denison, was toast master. Mr. & Mrs. Bamden left on the 7:30 car. Went down to the car with them. The Orcutt's went too. Came up & stopped in Elsie Wright's room. The Club House girls had a dozen American Beauty and six white roses sent me this morning. They were beautiful. I carried the red ones. Elsie and Bertha gave me a pretty spoon. Fri. June 14. Elsie Wright left on the eight o'clock train. I went to the depot with her and so did "her shadow" and her sister Chloe. After I came back I went to the drug store and Miss Hunt & Mr. Runyan came in. They asked me to have a "dope" with them and afterwards walked with me up to the Club House. I stayed alone, as I had since the first of the week. Sat. June 15. Finished packing, got trunk and boxes off, and went to Carney's. In the evening Mr. Runyan called and we went for a walk. I was very much surprised. Sun. June 16. Went to church in the morning & over to Rev. Reed's a little while in the evening. 130 1907 Mon. June 17. Said good bye to Miss Barker. Started home on the 12:30 P.M. car. Tue. June 18. Reached home at 2:00 P.M. Wed. June 19. Mrs. McKy gave me a pretty spoon & Miss Campbell sent me another one. Thur. June 20. Sarah Pike gave me another pretty spoon. Sat. June 22. Went to Keuka Park on the 6:00 P.M. train to spend Sunday with Mrs. Durfee. Got there about 7:30 or 7:45. Attended the commencement exercises of Keuka Institute. Saw the Ball girls, Lora Marsh & her mother, Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Thompson, Arthur Thomas & several others I knew. Sun. June 23. Went to church & heard baccalaureate sermon. It rained in the P.M. so we stayed in & visited. Mon. June 24. Started home on the 7:30 A.M. car. Got here at 9:00. Tue. June 25. Delivered the Alumni Address at the Academy. Subject was "The Gift of the Penniless". It was very well received and I had many compliments. Ora was down. Frank Johnson came home with me. Fri. June 28. Went to the Pres. ice cream festival with Ed Skiinner and Miss Crosby, who is staying at Van Duzer's. Frank Johnson joined us and stayed with us until the 9:15 car. After that we came home & Ed called for a time. 131132 133192g. Marion (Grieve) Baker, '29 1 Mar. 1961 Show less
Nov 1st A bright mild day. I spent part of it at S.S. trying to write; the thought of Nip constantly hovering about my mind. Men of my temperament make much of their griefs. It is anther form of our self indulgence. We roll the bitter morsel under our tongues and extract the last drop of bitterness. It is probable that I make the death of Nip the occasion to gloat over the past and of that which can never return. This is my disease, it is in my system and the loss of the dog brings it out... Show moreNov 1st A bright mild day. I spent part of it at S.S. trying to write; the thought of Nip constantly hovering about my mind. Men of my temperament make much of their griefs. It is anther form of our self indulgence. We roll the bitter morsel under our tongues and extract the last drop of bitterness. It is probable that I make the death of Nip the occasion to gloat over the past and of that which can never return. This is my disease, it is in my system and the loss of the dog brings it out afresh. It gives an acute form. But I was deeply attached to him, and the thought of him will always be precious to me. In afternoon go to Vassar to hear Prof Bracq lecture on French Criticism. Not an original mind.2nd Mild, S.W. wind with signs of rain. Alone at S.S. Of all the domestic animals, none calls forth so much love, solicitude and sorrow as the dog. He occupies the middle place between the other animals and man. Our love for him is below that for our fellows and above that we have for any other dumb creature. How many men there are now in the [crossed out: country] world, millions of them, whose love for their dogs is next to that they have for their friends and families, and their grief at their loss next to a domestic bereavement. My grief for Nip has lost the acuteness of the first day and night, but I carry in my heart a constant heavy sorrow. I rather wish I had buried him in some secluded spot near by instead of here in front of the house, where I could have gone on occasions, withdrawn from other thoughts and things. I fear I shall cease to notice the humble grave constantly before me. 3. Bright, Clear, still sharp. A pretty severe frost. Spend the day at SS. 5. Mild, fine weather. Go to West Point to see Princeton and the Cadets play foot ball. A sombre hue to all my days. 6 Light rain last night. Clearing today, with prospects of cooler. Leaves nearly all off. 9. Beautiful day, mild, still, with gleams of sunshine. Go to P. at night, a black experience. 10 Heavy cold rain all day, began in the night. Probably 2 inches of water. 11 Clearing and growing much colder. 12 Mild fair day. at S.S. 13. Fair day. " " 14 Severe frosts, fair day. 15. Fine day. Go to P. in afternoon and evening. Feel much better. 16 Severe frosts; fine bright day. 17 Cold slow rain all day. 18 Fog and mist all day, rain setting in at 4 P.M. and continuing all night. 19 Still raining from the North. Last night came the sad news of the death of Prof. Van Ingen of Vassar, a man I have known and loved many years. A genial, hearty, frank, simple man, and a fine artist. I met [crossed out: saw] him Tuesday night on the street as well and hearty as I ever saw him. He was going to the dentist. I walked along with him. He urged me to go home20 Rain continued slowly all day yesterday. Clearing this morning and cooler--but still mild. To-day they bury Van Ingen. I should be there but no train or boat. Genial soul, again farewell.with him--said he was coming up on Sunday for the day, and there we parted to meet no more in life. Farewell, farewell. --Last night as I was walking along the road my ear was attracted by the fine, shrill lisping and piping of some Kinglets in an apple tree. I paused to see what was the occasion of it. There were 4 or 5 Kinglets all more or less excited, and two of them especially so. I think the excitement of the others was only a reflection of that of these two. They were hopping about each other, apparently peering down upon something beneath them. I suspected a cat concealed behind the wall and so look over, but there was nothing there. Observing them more closely, I saw that the two birds were entirely occupied with 22 Start for Cambridge to-day, a clear day. Reach Boston on time, 9:05 PM. Julian finds us at U.S. Hotel, looking well and happy. 23. Find rooms at Felton Hall. 24 Light rain. Go out to Belmont to dinner with Kennedy. Julian and I walk out and enjoy the walk greatly. An enjoyable day. 25. Clear sharp day. Go to Boston in P.M. to hear Zangwell, a discourse full of point, wit, and sense. A hatchet-faced man, with hair that suggests a wig; it seems to sit upon his head rather than to grow out of it. Voice not big or strong but agreeable. One of the coming leaders in literature. 26 A full blown winter snow storm, began last night; a tearing wind; a fog of snow; street cars all stopped, trains delayed, milk men snow bound. Continues near all day, 13 or 14 inches, from Phil. to Maine. N.E. gets the brunt of it. Temperature at freezing. 27 Clear, sharp, a white world with green grass under the snow. Shovels and snow plows everywhere busy. Travel and traffic resumed. Began writing to-day in Harvard reading room. 29 More snow--about 4 inches. Dec 4. Rain this P.M. becoming pretty heavy at night; takes off half the snow. Dine with Prof. Shaler. 5. Near all day in Boston and at the Athenaeum. Walk back. Fine day. 6 Sharp, nearly clear. My heart palpitation nearly gone. Sent off a paper to Century on Saturday, on Wild Life About My Cabin. Must begin another. 7 Fine day, snow more than half gone. Walk to B.--From Dorothy Wordsworth: “At once the clouds seemed to cleave asunder, and left her in the centre of a black-blue vault. She sailed along followed by multitudes of stars, small and bright and sharp.” Appropriated by W. in his “Night-piece.” Day after she and William gathered sticks in the woods, bringing home “large burthens” of them. Day after day they walked to Stowey with Coleridge. Once she went alone and returned in the evening with him. --A vol. of George Meredith’s poetry in my hands for the first time, “Lyrics and Sonnets." Find I have little use for him. The utterance is thick in even the best passages. He is a poet undoubtedly but the poetry rarely runs clear in more than two or three lines at a time, while much of the time it is mud, mud, opaque as a dirt road. His thought is so swathed in hiswords, his cumbrous, tortuous epithets, that it can hardly go at all. One feels in reading him, oh, the beauty of ease, limpidity, simplicity. To be difficult is not to be profound. Opacity is not the same as depth, harshness is not a sign of power. Plate glass offers the eye no resistance, but this wavy or twisted and contorted glass bewilders and obscures. Browning’s glass has a twist in it, but Meredith’s has smoke and sand. We have a right to eternally demand of every poet or writer that he speak clear and distinct. We may not always catch his ideas, but we shall understand his words. Verbal opacity is not to be tolerated. When Whitman says “The cloth laps a first sweet eating and drinking” I do not know the idea he wishes to convey, but his language is as transparent as can be. 10 Pretty cold--about 20. Write in forenoon and walk to Boston in afternoon. Dined with Prof. James on the 9th. Like him much. Mrs. J. a very attractive and entertaining woman. Prof. Harris of Andover there, like him too. Young James a very handsome [crossed out: youth] young man. 11 Still cold and cloudy. Winter seems really here to stay. Julian comes down and sits a while with us in the morning. --“It was yielding to the gusty wind with all its tender twigs. The sun shone upon it and it glanced in the wind like a flying sunshiny [crossed out] shower. It was a tree in shape, with stems and branches, but it was like a spirit of water.” From Dorothy’s Journal. p. 65. 17. After a restless night I got up with a chill. Continues till noon, then fever and pain in back and limbs. Take quinine. 18. A wretched night, no sleep, intense pain in flesh and bones. Is it ague? Have the Dr. A little better during the day. 19. Mild and bright, walk out a little. Poor sleep; pain not so severe. Walk to P.O. Go to lunch with Dr. Cleghorn in P.M. Meet Dr. Bowditch. 24 Much rain and fog the past few days. Fever left me some days ago, but liver or kidneys still wrong. Feel much below par. My sickness the grippe; much of it all over the country. 25. To dinner with Trowbridge at Arlington. His cider does me good. A pleasant family. 26 Bright and sharp. Am better, begin to feel normal, not thepeculiar weakness of two years ago. Hear from Hiram that Eden is better. 30 Bright and spring like 55 degrees, fear it kills the winter. Go to Boston and review contract with H.M. and C. for $750 per year. Yesterday lunched with Scudder and met Higginson. H. was very agreeable and complimentary--a fine, scholarly, accomplished talker and diner out. Looks ruddy and well, tho’ his voice begins to show his 75 years. 31. Light rain, still mind. I am gaining my strength very slowly. 1899. Jan 1st Winter upon us again in earnest. Rain and snow yesterday, snow with rapid falling temperature all night. Cold this morning with 6 or 8 inches of snow. Air full of snow. At the library last night was surprised to see a paper of mine in N.A. Review, sent it two months ago. No proof was sent to me. See in it some sentences that should have been changed or stricken out. I seem better this morning. A poor day yesterday. Cough about over, but strength and ambition at low ebb. 5. Mild and spring like--snow nearly all gone. We go to Salem. I stand for some time on Gallows Hill where the witches were hung, among them an ancestor of mine, Rev. George Burroughs, over 200 years ago. A typical N.E. landscape, barren and rugged, low broken rocky waves with a ragged covering of turf--a body of rock with a tattered and torn covering of soil. Nothing to mark the site of the hanging. If I had the means Iwould put up a monument there. Walked about the streets of S. and into the Roger Williams house (Witch House). Thought often of Hawthorne and many other things. Health below par this day--one of my bad days. 6. Feel more like myself this morning. Snowing and growing colder. March weather. Julian just in. Told me he had been reading Howell's and Thoreau’s Walden. Liked T, but was disturbed by the economic problem he presents etc. 7 Storm over. Colder and clearing this morning. Last night attended dinner of the Russell Democratic Club, a guest of Col. Higginson. H. made a fine and telling speech. Much rain and sleet yesterday and some snow last night. Feel almost well today. 9 Cool, crisp weather--seem about well again. Called at Col. Higginson’s yesterday P.M. Julian and I dined at Professor James’ in the evening. 10 Cold and clear--down to 3 above this morning. Go to town in morning. In afternoon pack up and get ready to leave in morning. At 3 Julian comes in and we talk till 4--about his courses, his future career, etc., a long and interesting talk. The boy is evidently to be a story writer, says he loves it etc. Every day or two a new plot comes to him. Urges me to write a novel etc. It pains me to leave the boy but perhaps it is best. We have had many long walks together, but all things must end. 11 Leave C. this morning at 9:15. Julian bids us good by in the electric car. A cold morning, 3 above. Reach Albany at 4 1/2, wait 2 hours for train to P. Reach P at 8 1/2. 12 Find room and board at 69 Market, a little warmer. 13. Go up to W.P. A mist of snowand rain; ice 8 or 9 inches. Men at work marking. 14 Mild, heavy rain at times; threatens another break up. Evidently winter can not keep his hold. That terrible blow and snow storm of Nov. 27 was premature and seems to have demoralized the weather forces. It was too violent for Nov. Then the warm spell of the 5th seemed [crossed out: to say the] a fit sequel. Winter has got to see-sawing or wobbling and probably one extreme will follow another till spring. 15. Mild and March like today; a tearing March wind all last night, snow nearly all gone; ice crop threatened. 19 Fine, mild day. Go to N.Y. stay at Gilder’s till Tuesday morning. Weather beautiful, dry as summer, and mild most of the time. See Zangwill, Howells, Stockton, Miss Edith Thomas, Helen Gray Cone, and others. Call on Garland several times.Never saw N.Y. more beautiful, the long vistas of those streets, the fine weather, the slight haze, the beautiful women, all filled the eye. Stay two nights with Miss Burt, one with Chubb, one with the Gills at Bay Ridge. A heavy thunder shower on Tuesday night the 24th, like July. Rained hard in the afternoon also. 28. Back home, (to P.) to-day. Mild day. 29 Bright day and sharp. A long walk north of town. No snow, roads dusty. 30 Clear and cold. Go up to W.P. Ice-house being rapidly filled; ice 9 1/2 inches. 31. Flurries of snow this morning and colder. A long walk in P.M. with Booth. Feb 1 Flurry of snow last night. Clear this morning, mercury about 10. Not a flake of snow yet to impede the ice harvest. No scraping. --A certain bacillus thrives only in the aqueous humor of the eye of the white mouse. --Have been trying to re-read Byron through Arnold’s Selections from him. How barren it all seems to me. A strenuous spirit, but not a poetical one. Eloquent, oratorical, but rarely poetic. The quiet luminous beauty of true poetry is not in him. Feb 2nd Winter keeps his grip this time. Mercury still low (14 degrees). This morning still clear and dry. Saw winter wren yesterday at Highland. A little brown bird darted quickly under a bridge, emerged from the other side and stopped under a log on the side of the bank. It curtsied and gesticulated and I saw it was the winter wren. As I followed it up it took refuge under logs and brush and stone like a mouse. --For the production of such a poet as Tennyson (judging after the fact) an old ripe civilization is necessary, long ages of culture, a leisure class, a deep rich social soil, great personages, a great history, etc. Poets of the same type in this country are feebler because they are not the outcome of the same social and historical conditions; they are planted in a thinner cruder soil. Whitman, our only poet of first-class power, is not the product of our cultured and refined classes, the Church, the College etc., but of the people, the democratic masses. He strikes his roots into a soil that is deep and fertile; the blood in his veins is fresh and well-oxygenated. He is great because the people are great. Tennyson is great because the culture and heroism of the British upper classes are great. Emerson voices the religious aspiration and idealism of N.E. Longfellow its social culture and refine-ment, Whittier its philanthropic and reformatory spirit, Lowell its scholarship and patriotism, and these poets are great only as their antecedents and environment are great. Whitman alone has the continental life and push of [crossed out: the] a great democratic people back of him. All the unpoetic and repellant features of his work are expressive of American conditions, natural and social. He could not have arisen in England, because the conditions he implies do not exist there. He is as legitimate in America as T. is in England, and English and European critics see this and hail him as our first poet. We may deny him, and strive after the Tennysonian fineness and mellowness, but we cannot reach them [crossed out: it] or equal them [crossed out: it], power alone lies with him. 3rd Rain freezing on the trees and making skating for the boys on the streets and side walks. 4 Ill to-day--fear it is a return of the grippe, felt it coming 3 days ago. At night call Dr. Otis, temperature 102 1/5, pulse 90. No grippe pains, signs of cold in head and lungs, take 14 gr. of quinine during day. Dr. Otis gives me some tasteless water in 2 tumblers; by mistake I come near drinking one of them up. 5 Poor sleep, but fever nearly gone this morning. Keep in bed till afternoon; painless but content to lie in bed. Snows all day, slowly--2 inches. 6. Mild, cloudy, no fever or pain this morning, but not disposed to much exertion. 7 Feeling nearly well and take several walks. A fine mist of snow all day. Sun almost shining at times. Mercury 15 at 8, and 20 at noon. 8 The mist of snow thickened to a full-blown snow storm in the night with a fall of 3 or 4 inches. Still snowing this morning pretty hard; winter in earnest again, mercury 15 degrees. Weather predictions wide of the mark. Now at 10, storm becoming violent. 9 Clear, cold, mercury at zero. Go up to W.P. 10 Very cold, from 8 to 15 below this morning. Cold all over the country. Not quite well yet. 11 Continued severe cold. -12 below here. Cold all over the country, the record broken in many places. 7 below in N.Y. Great cold and snow suffering in Texas. Return of the fever yesterday P.M. Am better this morning. How the snow sings this morning under the wheels and runners. -15 below in Washington. 25 below in Parkersburgh, W.V. 35 below at Millbrook this Co. --Scott in his diary (date Feb 14, 1827) says of Sir George Beaumont, that he was a great friend of Wordsworth and understood his poetry, which he (Scott) considers a rare thing, “For it is more easy to see his peculiarities than to feel his great merit, or follow his abstract ideas.” How limpid and easy of understanding W. seems to us. I am led to ask will such opacity as George Meredith’s seem clear to the next generation? 12 About zero this morning and snowing. Winter has got hold with both hands this time and with his old time grip. 13. A raging snow-storm from the North. Mercury 3 and falling--the most rugged streak of winter weather I have seen for years. In Chicago the temperature has averaged about zero for nearly a week. -40 below in N. Dakota. Great loss of cattle in Texas. 14 Storm raged till middle of the night, at 5 one could hardly see half a block-- Fall of snow near 20 inches over a wide area. Storm said to have been 1000 miles wide. 35 below in Ky. The peach crop must be killed as far south as Georgia. One of the great storms of which one sees but few in a life time. This morning the streets of P. suggest those of ’88. All trains are stopped. I felt sure Feb. would give us snow enough. Two days in doors. 15. Bright and cold-- 2 below this morning, a return of the fever yesterday. --Scott said of himself "that if there be anything good about my poetry or prose either, it is a hurried frankness of composition which pleases soldiers, sailors, or young people of bold and active disposition.” --“No chance of opulence is worth the risk of competence” Sir Gilbert Elliot, quoted by Scott in Journal. --“An orator is like a top. Let him alone and he must stop one time or another--flog him and he may go on forever.” Scott, in Journal. “do not let us break ordinary gems to pieces because they are not diamonds.” Scott, Journal 16 Mild, threatening snow. Light hail and rain at night. 17 Mild, snow melting fast. 18 Still warmer, snow will run to-day. 19 Still mild. 20 Warm and clear, mercury 50, snow melting fast. 21 Still warm with signs of rain, mercury 50. 22 Threatens rain. We go back to W.P. Mrs. B. better. Clear and warm in P.M. 50 degrees. Glad to be here again and out of the accursed city. It all began to have a sickish look to me--people, boarding house and all. Been gone 3 months. 23 Bright, but cooler. Go to P and buy a harness. 24. Mercury down to 22 this morning. Clear. Go over to Slabsides. Men hauling muck. How good it looks to me over there. I am again established in my bark covered study and trying to resume the thread of my life. Rather weak yet from illness and want of exercise. 25. Bright and cold: down to 10 this morning. Begin to feel like myself. 26 A slight return of the grippe. Fever and langor last night and to-day. Rain and hail all day. 27 Warmer; rain over apparently. 28 Clear. Mercury 20. Walk over to Slabsides with Dr. Gordon. March 1st Nearly clear. Mercury 28. No birds yet; snow nearly gone from the road and fields. Spirits dull these days; the grippe seems to have made me much older. --Unless you can write about Nature with feeling, with real love, with more or less hearty affiliation and comradeship with her, it is no use. Your words will not stick, they will awaken no response in the reader. There are two or three writers now making books upon out-door themes that I find I cannot read. The page has no savor, it is dry and tasteless. The writers have taken up these [crossed out] nature themes deliberately, as they might any other; they have no special call to write upon them. I have tried hard to be interested in Gibson’s work, but I can not. It lacks juice, unction. There is feeling in his drawings, but not in his text. Bradford Torrey is the only nature writer at the present time, whose work I can read. 2nd Began snowing in the night, snowed all forenoon--about six inches. Mercury at freezing. First song sparrow to-day, but not in song--in a little hemlock near my study. 3 Bright this morning: snow melting--fear the sleighing is short-lived. Boys hauling muck. Snow disappeared like dew. Sleighing spoiled by noon. 4 One of the typical disagreeable March days, fog and slow rain slush, slush, every where. This is the price we must pay for the exquisite days of April. 5. Heavy rain in the night with thunder. Rain and fog and gloom this morning. Life dull and spiritless. Blue-birds in the air over the hill, and again near home in P.M. A change to cooler at 5 P.M. 6 Clear, lovely this morning, mercury at 30. Air above streaked with blue-bird calls, a sparrow in song under the hill. Day too fair, not a cloud or film till near sundown. A weather breeder. 7 A violent snow storm from N.E. Began at 8. Now at 12 there are several inches of snow, and it is still blowing and snowing like great guns. A male blue-bird on the maple in front sits behind a limb, but at times he is almost blown from his perch. Acts like one of the worst storms of the season. So much for yesterday’s brightness and blueness! Snowed till night, 8 or 10 inches. 8 Fair and quiet. Snow in drifts. Hauling muck again. Overhauling my letters last night and to-day. A sad task. 9 Cold this morning, down to 12. 10 Milder, Sleighing poor in places. 11 Mercury at 40. Snow going fast, cloudy threatening rain. Go to P. 12 To Julian, After I had kindled my study fire this morning at 8 1/2 you could have seen me come forth and greet a robin--the first robin who sat calling and saluting and laughing on the top of the old maple in front. Then you could have seen me standing on the edge of the bank listening to the song sparrows down toward the ice house, then to the blue-birds high overhead, then to a flock of blackbirds going North then to the call of the jack snipe. The river was hidden by fog--the trains heard but not seen, and mist dimmed thelandscape all about. Clouds covered the sky, wind SW. Still, mercury above 40. The most spring like morning yet. What does the robin say? I think it is “all hail” “wake up” “how have you been?” “glad to be back" "ha, ha, ha.” --Reading Lockhart’s Life of Scott. Read Scott’s Journals while in P. in Feb. What shall one say of Scott? A prodigious man; prodigious worker, player, eater, drinker (on occasion). Copious, fluent, abounding in all good feelings and instincts. He wanted a great deal of everything--money, friends, retainers, land, dogs. He was [crossed out: prod] a prodigal nature--prodigal of himself, of his time, of his means. Lived his life fast and under pressure and was used up at 60. Not fine or delicate, dull of nose, obtuse of palate, heavy of ear, but all but inexhaustible. He has no style, or rather hisstyle is that of the great average mass of mankind--ready, fluent, transparent, but nothing in and of itself; lacks individuality and delicacy. Nothing is felicitously said, but all is well said. The words have no aroma, there is no intellectual pressure, none of that kind of heat and intensity that turns carbon into the diamond. No suggestiveness, no phrase that lingers on the tongue, akin to Southey, but greater by far. The finest, best work can never be done with such rapidity--some of his novels written in six weeks--The Bride of Lammermoor written during great and acute bodily pain. A wholesale writer. One has no purely literary or artistic pleasure in reading him, but the pleasure of companionship, of health, of a flow of animal spirits, of content with a copious brotherly nature. What saves him from oblivion then, and makes each succeedinggeneration turn to him for entertainment? Is it his humanity, his atmosphere, his geniality and a kind of perennial youth in him? The same as in Homer. He does not savor of Art, but of life. He was so canny, so copious, so ardent--a world by himself. He does not appeal to a select circle, but to a great multitude. He has great magnetism and the kind of attraction that great bodies always have. A poor critic--he thought Campbell really a great poet--and Crabbe--and could not see much in Wordsworth--could not understand him. He did not want the rare--he wanted the abundant, the plenteous, but he wanted it alive and growing. Writer of impromptu novels to buy farms with, says Carlyle. 12 -10 1/2. Ice just began to move up, very slowly.13. River dotted with great masses of languidly moving ice fields. A futile attempt at a thunder shower [crossed out: last] yesterday afternoon. Much thunder (not heavy) and light dashes of rain--as one so often sees in summer. Spend the day at Slabsides with Booth and Lowne. Seem quite well again and life has a better flavor. 14 Colder, cloudy, mercury 28. Looking for Julian home from H. J. Came on 5:04 train. I met him at station; looks fairly well, tho, a little pale. 15 Rain and hail nearly all day, mostly rain. Julian goes on the river. Gets 2 ducks and a “duckling." 16 Cold. J. walks over to Black Creek in P.M. Sees some ducks.17 Bright and cold--down to 18. Julian and Hud go over to Black Creek and spend the day. Plenty of ducks but poor luck in shooting. Each fire 9 times and get only one duck. 18 Snow all forenoon--3 inches, rain in P.M. Julian goes on the river; ducks very plentiful and tame, but the vast sheets of floating snow--acres of cotton batting--impede his boat; impossible to row through it. He gets two black ducks. 19. Rain, rain; the snow saturated with water and clinging to the earth like a bather’s suit--every dimple and depression brought out. Heavy rains at 5 and change of wind to N.W. Colder with snow squalls at night. 20 Cold and windy. Julian and Hud go to Black Creek. No ducks. 21 Cold, down to 15 this morning. Julian and I go on the river. Water covered with thin ice that cuts two holes in the boat. A flock of wild geese. J. puts me ashore at Pratt’s dock and he tries for some ducks in front of ice house; gets one. Then tries for the geese. I watch him a long time with the field glasses and get much excited. His tactics are very clever. At the last I see all the geese stretch up their wings and launch into the air; no, not all, two lie flopping on the water; then comes the report of his gun. He is a mile or more away, opposite Hyde P. The geese go up the river, and alight, and linger about till 3 or 4 o’clock. We do not try them again. One more duck falls to J’s gun; then we bring up the boat to be mended. 22. Snowing from N.E. now at 11, about 3 inches; river covered with [crossed out] a sheet of wet snow. Weds. 22 In afternoon snow ceases. Julian goes down the river, gets 8 ducks, 4 at one shot. Calm, and misty and chilly. 23 Mist, fog, and rain. March at its worst. A more disagreeable month I never saw. Julian off on the river again. 7 ducks. --Occasionally Scott’s metaphors are suggestive. When at some public dinner they praised him for what he had done for Scotland, he said in reply that [crossed out: he described no] what he had done was analogous to what the servant does who scours the brasses; he had rubbed up Scotland a little and brought out its beauty. What he really did was to invest the scenery with a deep human interest; he made it the theatre of his tragedies and dramas. He spread himself over the landscape. He did not try to brighten things up, but he added something out of himself that stirred the imagination of the tourist. 24 Bright and cold, sleighing till noon. 25. Cold, down to 20, hazing up towards night--with signs of coming storm. Julian on river again. 7 ducks. 26. Sunday. Began snowing in the night, about 3 inches; light snow till 10 o’clock. Cold wind from North. Julian leaves on the 10 o’clock train for Cambridge, looking much better than when he came. Why should I be sad? It is for the best. But I have no other companion. Sun shines at 11. 27 Clear and cold, down to 18 this morning, wind N. Men digging post holes. 28 Snowing again this morning--the same subject continued.--Looking over some pictures of African birds this morning, it occurred to me that there were fashions among the birds as well as among the women, and that they were about as absurd and capricious in the one case as in the other. --always approaching the monstrous, the women, by their dress, always exaggerate some part, as the hips, the bust, the arms, the hair, so with the tropical birds. Now it is the tail, now the crown, or neck, or rump, or bill, to say nothing of colors. And the same sexual purpose lies back of each--to captivate the male in the one case, and the female in the other. 29. Rain all night, with snow squalls in the morning; ground overflowing with water. Appearance of a cold wave. March grows worse and worse. It one extreme follows another April must be fine.Yesterday morning on my way to P.O saw a large flock of gold finches, 50 or more, in a maple, holding their spring musical jubilee--earlier than ever before heard them. What a fine musical jangle it was--a sort of spray or shower of fine musical notes. They all sat motionless, and apparently each sang independently of every other. Had they sung in chorus, the effect must have been striking. Presently some of them began to fly down to some weeds, and the jubilee gradually ceased. 30 Cleared off yesterday before noon with cold wind and snow flakes in the air in P.M. This morning clear and windy. Mercury about 25. Health good all this week and spirits bright. Trying to write out my lecture on “The Art of Seeing Things.” 31 Milder, overcast. Professor Bracq calls. I finish my paper. Walk to Mr. Acker’s in P.M. April 1st Quite spring-like, tho chilly; good sap day; birds very merry. How I delight in the tee-hee of the robin. Sometimes it is nearer a "ha ha, ha." Ice at last all disappears from the river. Write to Julian and return his story. Poor boy, how he is yet to toil and sweat before he can shine in print. 2nd Still hard and cold--only a few degrees above freezing in the middle of the day. Flurries of snow each day, with streaks of sunshine. Walk to S.S. in afternoon. Finish “The Art of Seeing Things" Show less
This journal includes Burroughs' usual musings on nature as well as notes on authors he was reading, particularly Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson. There are also long passages about his father, who died in January 1884, accompanied by a brief family history.
1883 Nov. 9 In the light of Darwins theory it is almost appaling to think of ones self, of what he represents, of what he has come through. It almost makes one afraid of himself. Think of what there is inherent in his germ; think of the beings that lived, the savage lower forms, that he might move here, a reasonable being. At what a cost he has been purchased; a million years of unreason, for his moment of reason; a million years of gross selfishness, that he might have a benevolent throb. ... Show more1883 Nov. 9 In the light of Darwins theory it is almost appaling to think of ones self, of what he represents, of what he has come through. It almost makes one afraid of himself. Think of what there is inherent in his germ; think of the beings that lived, the savage lower forms, that he might move here, a reasonable being. At what a cost he has been purchased; a million years of unreason, for his moment of reason; a million years of gross selfishness, that he might have a benevolent throb. "Bought with the blood of Christ" is the hyperbole of the Church; but every babe that is born today is bought with the blood of countless ages of barbarism, and countless lives of beings; and this not figuratively, but literally. Out of an ocean of darkness and savagery, is distilled this drop of human blood, with all its possibilities. - Probably the most selfish creatures in the world are to be found among the childless women, - all the love, and sympathy and helpfulness, etc. that nature meant to flow out toward offspring, turned inward upon themselves. They come in time to look upon themselves as the child of themselves, which they pity and pet and caress and indulge and for whom nothing in this world is good enough. 12. Go home today to see Uncle Edmund Kelly, very cold and windy. Reach home at noon in a driving snow squall. Father opens the door before I reach it, and greets me with copious tears. Uncle Edmund sitting by the stove with his hat on. Find him but little changed, except more silent than he used to be. Sits long without remark, and reads the paper as an old man reads, that is appears to read it all; with equal interest, a want of interest doesn�t discriminate and select the news. Over 80 years old, the last of my uncles - all dead but him; very spry and quick for one so old; see grandfather very plainly in him; the look of Mother too and of Wilson. His favorite word an adjective is "monstrous", as "She was a monstrous smart woman," "it is monstrous cold," "she suffered monstrous" etc. etc. He told me of his old uncle John Kelly, grand father's brother, that he was a monstrous queer man, lived in the woods in a little hut a regular hermit life, people used to take him food to keep him from starving. When walking along the road he would stop and stand a long time and look all around (I feel the same trait in myself). Uncle Edmund used to go to his hut; as soon as near enough, he could hear him talking as if there were half a dozen persons there. He had two children "off toward Albany" who used to clothe him, and who finally kept him with them, and he died there. When a young man Uncle Edmund used to cut wood at the glass works in Woodstock during the winter; could cut and pick up 4 1/2 cords of stove wood in a day. He left for home Tuesday night: thinks he never will come again; I shall never see he and father together again; they parted that night just at sundown for the last time, Uncle Edmund with wet eyes and few words, father with copious tears and outspoken farewells - two men past 80, their wives dead, and nearly all their early friends and comrades in the grave. How wintery and desolate life did look to them both I know full well. Uncle Edmund had never before found mothers place vacant. He had been to the graves of all his Kindred on Red Kill, to his father and mothers and to all his brothers and sister's, as if to bid them a last farewell.- The old home was pretty desolate to me, only Hiram and Father left, now that Eden and Margaret have gone. Soon, soon it will be only Hiram. On Wednesday Hiram and I walk over the mountains, through wind and snow to Edens near Hobart. A hard long tramp. 17 A bright cold hard day, a day like polished iron. 19 A soft mild Indian summer day; sunlight weak, many times diluted with autumn shadows, but tender and dreamy. No thoughts in me; only a vague longing and unrest. - My best and truest friend among womankind, Mrs. Fanny A. Mead of Lansing, Mich., is dead, since Oct. 25th. Nearly all night Nov. 15th I lay awake thinking of her. In many ways the noblest, most loving, most discerning, most charitable woman I have known in this world. She visited me here the latter part of August 1880. Her death nearly blots out the West for me. - No matter how much learning, or force, or capacity of any kind [crossed out: you have] a man has a man has, unless he has that something which we call style - an apt and original expression and individual flavor of his own, he can make no permanent contribution to literature. Style is the precious spices etc. that embalm and keep thought. The iridescent hue of pearl is an effect of style - the manner of arrangement of the particles - not any new matter.27. A succession of remarkable sunsets and sunrises for several days past, culminating to-night in the most remarkable sky-glow, or sky bloom I ever saw. I have seen sunsets for over 40 years, and never saw one like that before; a cloudless sky flushing crimson that spread nearly up to the zenith and reached far around to the south east - and that an hour after the sun had actually set. At 6 o'clock the western sky was yet dark crimson. In many cities, in N.Y. and in Poughkeepsie, an alarm of fire was sounded and the fire companies were out to extinguish the sun set. The reflection of a distant fire upon a low clouded midnight sky, [crossed out: was] is not more marked than was this evening glow. The wonder was, [crossed out: such] the sky was cloudless the upper atmosphere itself seemed to turn to blood. 28. The same phenomenon again to night, only less pronounced. After sun-down a peculiar phosphorescent glow suffused the west; gradually a crimson bank formed far up from the horizon, which slowly crept down till it lay low in the west, and then near 6.P.M. dropped below the horizon. The mornings, too, have been exceptionally brilliant, the pale, phosphorescent glow of the east long before the sun appeared lighting up the world with the most peculiar effects. Dec. 1st Day of great brilliancy; still cloudless, cold. - The soul is not something superadded to the body, is it? [crossed out: It is] Is it not rather a growth and product of the body as much as the flower is of the plant - or the flame of the lamp? Growing as it grows and decaying as it decays? Dec. 6th Fine days and nights lately - a sort of sterner Indian summer - an austere, but serene Indian chief. Walking along the road in the bright Dec. quiet I pause and hear the fine rasping of squirrel teeth on a hickory nut, or butternut. New ice on the ponds, but the earth beneath is not thoroughly chilled yet, and it doesn�t last. The bluebirds and nuthatches discover a little owl at the bottom of a hollow in an apple tree below my study, and by their cries advertise to me [crossed out: of] the fact. I peep down and see the rascal with closed eyes, simulating sleep, but suspect he is watching me through those narrow slits. Dec. 9 [Section torn from the page] - People who try to explain Carlyle on the ground of his humble origin, shoot wide of the mark. "Merely a peasant with a glorified intellect, says one irate female. It seems to me he was the least of a peasant of any man of his time, a man of truly regal and dominatingpersonality. The two marks of the peasant, are stolidity and abjectness; he is dull and heavy and he dare not say his soul is his own. No man ever so hustled and jostled Kings and emperors about, and made them toe the mark as did Carlyle. It was not merely his intellect that was towering; it was his character, his will, his standard of morality - and of manhood. He is naturally imperious and haughty. There is no taint of the peasant in him, I remember well his long, slender soft hand, and can feel it yet in my own, a certain coarseness of fiber he had, as have all strong, first class characters, the fiber of the royal oak. [Pages missing?][crossed out: the ills of life] Arnold His vision leads his feeling; he sees first and feels afterward or tries to feel, not always with success. There is no struggle or conflict in him. He is not beaten back by contrary winds, nor carried swiftly and joyously ahead by fawning winds. He is calm and mildly contemptuous in a world of Philistines. Dec. 12 No snow yet, not much cold - no ice on the ponds. Peculiar, brilliant, phosphorescent sunsets and sunrises, with clouds at sunset of light olive green. How local, how circumscribed limited seems the sunset, and sun-rise - each a particular phenomenon confined to this one spot - a universal fact appearing as a special and particular fact. Much meaning in this. Thus the triumph of poetry, of art, is to house and locate the universal so, make the sun-rise and sunset special to you and me. The great universal facts of life and death appear peculiar and original to each one of us, but, behold, all men have the same experience. The rainbow is immediately in your front, spanning your own fields or native valley, but the man beyond the valley sees it spanning his just the same. Every man is a center of the world - all the facts of nature point to him, and he is bound to read them and to meet them from his own point of view. But it is well to remember that others have their point of view also, and that the clouds that appear so dull and leaden there in the south or north, are just as glowing in the sun set to people who see them from the right angle, as ours are here in the west. 13 Still bright and nearly clear, but chilly - the air full of a shining haze. The eastern skies all aglow again this morning - at one time a luminous crimson along the rim of the horizon that spread upward and suffused all the eastern skies with a peculiar phosphorescent light. 18 We speak of the motion of the heavenly bodies, but really this is not motion in the concrete as we know it upon the earth - it is rather motion in the abstract - a motion that is equivalent to eternal repose. See them bowl along there, without effort, without friction, without inertia or resistance overcome, changing their places with reference to each one an other, yet not changing their places in absolute space. Universal motion is equivalent to universal rest. When my boat moves with the tide it is practically at rest; if the shores moved too, then motion were abolished. There is no motion withoutplace, without a fixed point and in astronomic space there is no place, no fixed point, no up, no down, no over, no under. I expect we shall find out by and by that there is no waste or expenditure of heat by the sun in warming the solar system, as we understand it on earth, anymore than there is an expenditure of force in holding the earth in its place, and the other planets in theirs. It is something more subtle and transcendental than the warming of your house. The rays that go off into space probably carry no heat, itbecomes heat only when it is caught by the planets, which supply, as it were, the female principle. I am yet convinced that the sun is an actual burning or conflagration, though all that comes from it may be turned into heat upon the planets. (I can no more than hint the point I am driving at) 20 A cold day, four or five inches of snow upon the ground, first floating ice in the river, and clouds gathering for more snow. The third anniversary of mother's death, and father's 81st birthday, and I am not at the old place as is my wont, buthere in my ground-attic, writing on literature and science, with thoughts far away from home. From a letter to M.B.B [Myron B. Benton] We have all felt and spoken of the priestly and sacerdotal character of Emerson and have seen and felt his value to the spirit and that he was much more than a mere man of letters, but to say he has written the most important prose work of the 19th century, and yet that he is not a great writer, a great expressor, and that he is less in this respect than Addison, is absurd. If he is not a great man of letters, he is a great man speaking through letters, which is perhaps quite as important. His literary gifts were not an equipment that he could turn in any direction.He had no literary faculty that he carried about on his finger like a falcon, and with which he could hawk all manner of game from mice to pheasants, like Voltaire and Swift, but he had a power and at times a largeness of utterance, that these wretches never approached. You may say Bacon was not a great essayist, and yet the wisdom and learning of a great mind [crossed out: is] are revealed in his essays. Perhaps Arnold is correct. Not to be a mere writer, but man writing, would please Emerson best."Indeed the scientific critics like Taine leave a very large spot in my literary palate untouched. In literature, in history, we do not so much want things explained, as we want them portrayed and interpreted. And the explanation of these experts is usually only clever thimble rigging. If they ferret the mystery out of one hole they run it to cover in another. How clear is Taines explanation of those brilliant epochs in the history of nations, when they produce groups of great men and give birth to their great literatures. Why, it is only the result of a "hidden concord of creative forces," and the opposite periods, the nadir, is the result of "inward contrarieties." Truly a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. What causes the inward concord etc, so that we can lay our hand upon the lever and bring about a crop of great men at a given turn, the astute Frenchman does not tell us. 23 Very cold - 8 below this morning, and zero all day. At dark thermometer began to rise and fine snow soon began to fall. 25 A white Christmas - Earth, sky and air, all white, a foot of snow and a hoar frost covering trees and rocks, left by the white fog, a bad headache yesterday. 26 A whiter world I have never seen, only the undersides of the limbs of the trees and their trunks showing any shade. The air still and filled with a white motionless fog - less a fog than a kind of white opaque condition of the air itself - very peculiar. Yesterday the white fleecy air lifted a little, just clearing the tree tops, and hovered there like the vapor of snow, and about 4 o'clock snow began to fall gently from it - and continued till 8. It is a condition of high frosty mountain tops, become general. Every writer has his peculiar note, It is the scientific note or the religious note, or the note of criticism or of conventionality, or of good fellowship - In Emerson there is always the heroic note. In all his writing and speaking [crossed out: this is] this note predominates, the electric touch of brave deeds, of cheerful confronting of immense odds, the inspiration of courage and self-reliance. Perhaps his match in this respect cannot be found in literature, certainly not among ethical or didactic writers. If in his earlier essays this note seems to us now, a little too pronounced, savoring just a little of tall talk, it did not seem so when we first read [crossed out: them] him. It was as clear and frank and sweet as the note of the bugle. Carlyle once defined poetry - as the heroic of speech; a definition that would not suit Mr. Arnold, but which describes well much of Emersons poetry, and so many of those brave sentences in his essays. In Addison we get the note of urbanity, in Franklin of worldly prudence, in Bacon of large wisdom, in Pope of polished common sense, in Cowley of - discontent, in Swift of arrogance and scorn, in Arnold himself of critical disquietude. In Carlyle the note is one of sorrow and lamentation. In Emerson we come at once upon the chivalrous, heroic attitude and temper. No scorn, no contempt, no defiance, but brave counsel and chivalrous service. Books, he said, "are for nothing but to inspire," and in writing his own books he had but one purpose in view, namely to inspire his reader, to break through the crust of custom and conventionality and the commonplace - much more pronounced when he began to write than now, to scatter his torpidity and spur him to higher and nobler thinking and acting. There are words of prudence, words of enlightenment, words that cheer and comfort; words that divide one thing from another like a blade, words that are like lamps to show us the way; and there are words that are like banners leading to victory. Emersons words are banner-words, beautiful, cheering, rallying, inspiring, seconding and pointing the way to all noble endeavor. What audacity of statement, what courage of affirmation what intrepidity of mind. "Self-trust" he says, "is the essence of heroism" and this martial note pulses through all his writings. [crossed out: In] This passage one might think was written for Walt Whitman, had it not been before the fact: "Adhere to your own act, and congratulate yourself if you have done something strange and extravagant, and broken the monotony of a decorous age." Jan 5 To N.Y. to hear Arnold lecture on Emerson last night. A large fine audience; lecturer introduced by Curtis, the pensive Curtis, in a "neat little speech." Curtis is the cosset of the elocutionary graces. He fondly leans and sighs upon and languishes upon their bosoms! Arnold put his M.S. up high on a rack beside him, turned to the audience, [crossed out: gave a] let off a sharp glance in my direction through his one Cockney eye glass, straightened himself up and after a delay that was a little too long, lifted up his voice and spoke his piece - voice too thick and foggy - has none of the clearness and grace of his literary style; hence his lecture is better in the reading than in the hearing. There is something almost like pudding in an Englishmans throat when he speaks from the stage.- Met Rev. John Wood in the afternoon at Houghton, Mi and Co. An Englishman of a lower order - not pleasing to look upon - shapeless in face and body - plump, with a suggestion of frowziness. Mouth also full of pudding - comes near to dropping his h's - the British softness, unctuousness - fat in the tones of the voice, and not lean like us or is it fog and mist and smoke and beef and beer etc. Did not know of Grant Allen. I remember that William Rosetti did not know of Roden Noel. - I have found that there are two ways to get the heat out of your fire wood - first by sawing and splitting it yourself, then by burning it. 6th In writing my whole effort is to put myself in communication with the truth. If I can, then my sails fill, if not, how futile I am. I have no talent but to see and state the thing as it is. 8 Cold, dark, lowering days. Lifes skies dark also, a few days ago all so bright. Again must I face the inevitable. Let me be calm, and see that it is best also. A despatch from home to-day at 4 P.M. that Father has had a stroke; is probably dead now. The blow I have so long dreaded and have been schooling myself to meet has at last fallen. In a few hours I shall know the worst. It is his time to die, and he has long been looking and waiting for the end; it is best so, but oh! how can I lose him from the world, my father! Be still, my heart, be still. It comes to all men, and have not I known it would come to me. When I was leaving him last summer he said with a great burst of emotion, that he hoped it would please God to take him with a stroke. I recall the whole scene vividly; he was approaching the table, where the rest of the family had seated themselves for dinner; I was standing near the door. His tears came fast and his voice was choked with emotion. How many times sitting alone in my study, during the bleak winter nights have I said over the names of my dead, his name alwayshovering near, as if so soon to be added to the list. How many times, while Mother was still living, have I at night felt suddenly drawn towards them, as if I must at once be with them; they were there now, but would soon be gone; why did I tarry here? and I would start from my chair and pace the floor. How many times while home with them, did I look at them and listen to them, as if with the eyes and ears of future years when they [crossed out: should] would be gone; as if to anticipate the crying want I should then feel to see and hear them, and store up memories of them that would then appease my aching heart. "Oh, listen" I would say, when I heard their [crossed out: talk] voices at night in their bed, "so soon you will want to hear those voices and they will be forever still." Now hers is still, and maybe his too, and the kindness and affection I have shown him during these years, will bear its own fruit - in my heart. Twenty-three years ago, in winter, I was summoned home by his illness and expected to find him dead. I was all night on a freight train from New Hamburgh to Rhinebeck; how dismal, how wretched. The stage had gone when I reached Rondout, and I got Mr. Gibbs to take me out to Olive; then father North drove me to Roxbury. At Pine Hill I saw John Powell, Jr, he said father - and my heart stood still while he finished his sentence - was better, as the fact proved. Jan. 21 Stern rugged winter day and the cold snows cover a new grave beside Mothers. At rest at last, after 81 years of life. The event he so long predicted and waited for, and I think toward the last began to long for, came, and came as he had hoped. No suffering, no lingering illness to make trouble in the house. I went home on the 9th. Drove up from the station in the moonlight in a whirl of wind and snow. How lonely and bleak the old place looked in that winter-landscape by moonlight - beleaguring winter without and death within. Jane and Abigail were there with Hiram and some of the neighbors. Father had died at seven in the morning as I had learned at Kingston bytelegraph. How the wind howled and buffeted that night, and the steady roar of the mountain like that of the sea came to me in my sleepless chamber. How often in youth I had heard that roar, but with what different ears, as I snuggled down in my bed while mother tucked me in! Early in the morning I went quietly and with composure and looked upon my fathers face. Never had I looked upon his face before, in the morning before he had arisen without speaking his name, and I could not refrain from speaking his name now, and speaking it again and again. The marble face of death, what unspeakable repose and silence there is in it. I saw more clearly than everbefore how much my own features were like his. The nose the same, only in his case cut away more at the nostrils. The forehead too precisely the same. Head nearly as large, as mine, feet and hands smaller. It was his time to die; it is better so, and the reason said, yes, yes, but oh, the heart! The time for its [crossed out: dead] loved ones to die never comes. Father had been as well as usual up to the hour of his stroke. The only change noticed in him in the last days of his life, was an increased longing for mother. The sense of his loss and his desolation seemed to become more acute and he talked of her much, with profuse tears. That last day he asked for penand paper to write to me and to Uncle Edmund, but did not write. He ate his supper as usual that night and between 7 and 8 o'clock went out [crossed out: to the privy]. John Grant went with him to help him over some slippery places in the path. Then in due time went out to help him in. As he neared the privy door he saw father lean heavily forward as if just risen from the seat and then fall, or slowly pitch down in the corner of the privy. Hiram and his man were putting up grain, against going to mill on the morrow, in the Grainery near by. Grant called to them and they together got father up and into the house. He could not stand and could not speak. When asked if he was hurt he nodded yes. They got him to bedand he fell into a slumber from which he never awoke; lived about 36 hours, becoming more choked in his breathing toward the last from phlegm etc but died easily about 7 A.M. Jan. 9. apoplexy, affecting the right side. While Hiram was putting up the grain, he heard father call to him several times, probably to help him around some wood after Grant had left him. This was the last he ever heard his voice in this world. On Friday the 11th we buried him beside Mother; a snowy misty day. Elder Hewitt preached the funeral sermon, a thorough-going old school Baptist sermon arguing and proving the doctrine of election and foreordination etc and having his fling at all other church denominations, such asermon as father delighted in, and would no doubt have preferred should be preached at his funeral. It was very foolish from my point of view. The old Elder has more spirit and fight in him than ten years ago, when he preached Chancey B's sermon, and less feeling and sentiment. He had been near unto death then, but now his health is good, too good for his preaching. I remember this sentence: "A spring cannot rise about nature" meaning above its source, "They both now in Earth's soft arms are reposing" where we all in due time shall also repose. Diverse and separate in life, in death we become one. My father was so much to me, not perhaps in reality, for he cared nothing for the things I did, and knew me not, but fromthe force of the filial instinct and home feeling in me. He knew me not I say. All my aims and aspirations in life were a sealed book to him as much as his peculiar religious experience was to me. Yet I reckon it was the same leaven working in us both. The delight he had in his bible, in his hymn book, in his Church in his creed, I have in literature, in the poets, in nature. His was related in his thought to his souls salvation hereafter, mine to my souls salvation here. Father was a serious man and full of emotion; his tears always came so easily! He had no art to conceal anything; was as frank and transparent as a child; no deceit, or guile, or craft, no self consciousness, hardly any sense of shame; Mother usedto say had no decency, and no manners. "All I ever had" father would rejoin, "I have never used any of them." Had no concealment or shyness; would ask people and strangers, such personal questions! If he met a stranger in the road would often ask him his name; would ask women their ages, or ask people what they did for a living, or what wages they got, or what their politics was. He used to speak in "Church meeting" and tell his religious experiences after the manner of his sect, always I imagine with choking and tearful emotion. He never prayed openly in his family, tho' when younger frequently read the bible aloud and sang hymns. Once when I was a lad, I overheard him praying in the hog-pen at night. I think it a time of more than usual religious excitement with him, and he went upon his knees in the hog-pen then nearly empty, I imagine, as it was winter. I heard and ran away. Knowing it was not for me to hear. He was violent and bigoted in his religious opinions, speaking rudely and contemptuously of other denominations as did the Elders of his church. "The Signs of the Times" was his religious paper for over 40 years, and he would read those long lugubrious "experiences" of the sisters and brethren with deepest emotion. A harshness in his temperament, red hair and freckled complexion when young, yet such a tender streak in him. Such a fountain of tears! He was harsh and severe with his oxen or horses, or cows when they were ugly, "lugging" the cows and whipping the oxen at a great rate, and yet such an affection for his teams after all. He could tell every yoke of oxen or span of horses he ever owned and relate many incidents about them. I well remember the sickness of one of his horses, when I was a boy, had the "horse distemper" and how assiduously father watched and nursed it and finally pulled it through. Yet he had no mercy on a healthy horse and could whip it till it fell dead I verily believe. (I could too). Father made a great deal of noise about the farm, had great strength of voice and could send it over the hills a mile away; was indeed a noisy man, halloing at the cows, the sheep, the boys, and in drawing rocks with the oxen, you could have heardhim a great distance. He never went away from home, while I was a boy on the farm, without stopping out on the "big hill" and calling back to us some command, or renewal of some order, generally entirely superfluous, always to the annoyance of Mother if she was beside him, his voice was so loud and harsh. Often he would call twice before he got out of sight. Even last summer, he used to exercise his voice, by starting the cows from the upper pasture, a quarter of a mile or more, away. Father had no enemies, no quarrels; never lied or cheated or stirred up strife. His word was as good as his bond. He had a kind of selfishness, but it was like that of children,thoughtless and uncalculating, and related mainly to appetite. He was a hearty eater, and at the table would always pick for the best. He would always take my biggest trout, and the next biggest and the next if I would give it to him, as I usually did. It never occurred to him to decline a thing on the score of manners. Mother used to say it was "hoggishness" and he would not gain say her. I doubt if he ever said "thank you" to any person in his life; I certainly never heard him. I took him and sent him many little things in his latter days, which he always accepted without remark. His was not a brooding, silent, self-conscious nature; exactly the reverse. He had no sentiment, and would snortat what you call poetry, and yet was much of a real poet himself. His faults were like those of children and in his old age, he became childish to a degree. His intelligence and judgement were yet good, when appealed to, but his will, his self-control, his force and authority as a man, were feeble. His curiosity was always great and continued to the last. Father never had much faith in me, the least of any of his children. He saw I was an odd one, and had tendencies and tastes from the first that he did not sympathize with. All the other children he helped with money when they began life, but me. When I wanted help as I did twice or three times in a pinch, he refused; and as it turned out I was the only one of his children, that could or wouldhelp him when the pinch came. A curious retribution, but one that gave me pleasure, and him no pain. I was better unhelped, as it proved, and better for all I could help him. He went according to his light, and perhaps I loved him the better for denying me. I never laid up anything against him, not even the fact that once while I was away to school, and got short of funds, and wanted $5 to help me out, he would not send it, tho' mother berated him soundly for it. Hiram sent me the money and I worked in haying and paid him back. Father did not like my tendency to books; was afraid, as I once found, that I would become a methodist minister, his special aversion.When a lad of about 14 I wanted a grammar and an Algebra, but father would not get them, tho' I coaxed and Mother coaxed and scolded both. I was going down to the village on some other errand and wanted his consent to get them then. He peremptorily refused, but after I had got out on the big hill, by the old "pennyroyal rock," he hallowed to me and said I might get them, mother, in the meantime had made it so hot for him. But my blood was up and I did not get them, but waited till I made some money by making and selling maple sugar in the spring, and then paid for the books myself, and the books were all the sweeter by reason of the maple sugar money. And he was a loving father all the same, and my debt to him I never could repay. He nearly always said no to his children when a favor was asked, but could not often keep his ground; children and mother to back them, usually carried the point. Coax long enough and hard enough, and he was pretty sure to give in. He never whipped me but once in his life, and that very mildly as regards the blows, but very harshly as regards the manner. I had let a cow get in the meadow, and run through the tall grass, which I should have and could have headed off. That was while we yet milked in the road, nearly 40 years ago. Forty years ago this winter (in 1844) he was getting out the timber forthe new barn, getting up in the morning and doing his chores and eating his breakfast before day light, and then with his oxen and dinner pail off into the hemlock woods of old Jonas More's and working all day, for many weeks, cutting and hauling the trees to the saw mill. He was no hunter or fisher, but in his earlier days, delighted in horse-racing. He used to say that he was a "dreadful saucy mean boy" full of oaths, and full of impudence to his Elders, but after he "experience religion" all of that was changed. His favorite by-words, were "by-fagus," "dark as podunk," or dark as a pocket. Many visions of him about the farm in other days come to my sorrowing eyes. As a child of 3 or 4 years, on a long [crossed out: summer] warm spring day, I [crossed out: see] look up on the side hill, and see him striding across the furrows, a bag slung about his shoulders sowing grain, probably oats. This is about my earliest remembrance of him. The hired girl had thrown my hat or bonnet down the steps and I stood crying upon the "stone work," and looking hill-ward. [crossed out: when the "stone work"] I see him again in his old age, probably 66 or 8, following the team out in the clover-meadow - dragging in oats. Back and forth, back and forth all day I see him go, the dust from his drag, (for it was very dry) streaming far behind him - the last memory I have of him engaged in the "Springs work." At night he came in dusty and tired. Gradually he gave up workstill milking, and husking corn in the fall. After Mothers death he sold the farm to Eden, and ceased work entirely. Probably his last work was in cleaning the bugs off the potatoes about the house. Hiram says he husked one stout of corn out by the new barn that fall before he died. Father laid claim to few of the virtues or graces; delighted to tell a good story against himself as well as against another. He owned he was a coward, and would make a poor soldier. When the possee came in Anti-Rent times, he ran under the bed, and they said left his feet sticking out. He always laughed when the story was told. No hypocrisy or pretension about father; he had more virtues than he lay claim to. Well, we shall meet again: our dust in the Earth, and the forces that make up our Spirits in the Eternity of force. Shall we knoweach other then? Ah! shall we. As like knows like in nature. I dare not say farther than that. - A little scene last spring, when Hiram was about buying Eden out. We were standing near the kitchen stove; father asked if it was so, and seemed to feel a sudden pang on being told it was. "Oh, boys" he said turning to Hiram and Eden, his tears choking him, "Stay as you be, stay as you be as long as I live." Unkind as Eden had been to him, and poorly as he had succeeded with the farm, father could not bear the thought of seeing him leave the old place. Father's grand father Ephraim, had two brothers; Eden, who was rector of a college in N. Hampshire, and Stephen, who lived in Bridgeport Ct, and was a ship builder and ship owner and Captain. Eden had a son Stephen, who turned out badly and finally brought up in State prison. My great grandfather was named Ephraim; he had [four] five sons; Eden, my grand father, Daniel, William, David and Curtis, and three daughters. Grandfather lived with his father near Quaker Hill in Dutchess Co. during the Revolutionary War. He was a small boy (born in 1770) and was once scared by a soldier who ran after him on all fours. The family moved to the"Nine Partners." Grandfather helped his father clear some land there on condition that he was to have part of it. This he did not get. Great grandfather then moved to Stamford on the town ship, and lived and died and is buried there. Grandfather soon married andcame here when he probably in 1795, or thereabouts, cutting a road through the woods. Father said his uncle William had told him that the family was Welsh - came from Wales, which is probably true. I note many Celtic traits in them, and in myself - these probably lead all others. Feb. 10 A severe disagreeable winter so far, like last winter. Entirely exceptional, as it was the "off year" and a mild winter was due. Not happened before for the 10 years I have lived here; ice on river one foot thick; thermometer has touched from 10 to 14 below zero. - How apt we are to regard our private attractions and repulsions as laws of nature, affecting allmankind! Finished yesterday Carlyle's "Frederick," begun in the Dec. What an experience to read such a work! It colors ones days and all his thoughts. By far the most striking and effective historical work I have ever read. If all histories were as vivid and entertaining as this I should read nothing but history henceforth. A great Carlylean poem and a fit and artistic completion of his career as a writer. Having preached so long and so vehemently about the strong man at the helm, the divine right and the imperative need of the government of the ablest, etc, he cast about him for an example, and having found the nearest approach to it in Frederick, he devotes the rest of his days to portraying him to showing his life and his work; his obedience to the stern behestsof duty, and the love and obedience of his people to him. The last of the Kings, he says. He makes one thoroughly love and admire Frederick. In many ways he was the embodiment of the Carlylean ideals. - "Wordsworth's poetry," says Arnold, "is great because of the extraordinary power with which W. feels the joy offered to us in Nature, the joy offered to us in simple elementary affections and duties, and because of the extraordinary power with which, in case after case he shows us this joy and renders it so as to make us share it." That hits the nail exactly on the head.Feb 12/84 Thinking of Frederick it has often occurred to me how desirable it would be to be one of a people who had a real King like him, the father of his people, a sovereign man at the head of affairs with the reins all in his own hand, a man to reverence, to love, to fear; who called all the women his daughters and all the men his sons, and whom to see or to speak with was the event of a lifetime. Such a man gives head to a nation; he is the head, and the people are the body. Currents of influence must stream down from such a hero to touch the life of the humblest peasant. It is the ideal State; there is an artistic completeness about it. Probably this is why it so moved captivated Carlyleinevitable and inexorable artist that he was. But how impossible to us! how impossible to any people by their own action and choice! We have no Frederick, or if we have, we do not know; neither does he. How to get him at the healm! how to trust him, and obey him? Our only hope is in the collective wisdom of the people, and as extremes so often meet, perhaps this, if thoroughly realized, is as artistic and complete a plan as the other. The "collective folly of the people" Carlyle would say, and perhaps during his whole life he never for a moment saw it otherwise; never saw that the wisdom of the majority could be other than the no-wisdom of blind masses ofof men. Authority, authority, authority, obedience, obedience, obedience, how those words forever sounded in his soul. [crossed out: It may turn out that the universe is a democracy and not a divine disposition that we are all parts of God and that a vast impersonal power rules - the totality of nature determines.] At any rate, there can be no doubt that the democratic movement, the coming forward of the people and the abeyance of single individuals, is a movement of the world of nature; an ocean-current that involves or is the result of, the deepest and widest causes, and there is no stemming it or guiding it; we must trust it. It is the decree of the Eternal. Carlyle never would or could see this; he lashed the sea like Xerxes with his Chains, but it heeded himnot. The Gulf Stream keeps on just the same. Ten fools, or a hundred fools are of course no wiser than one fool - but 10 average men will be wiser in their collective capacity and honesty than any one of the ten. They mentally check and balance each one another, and the result is something like one of Galton's compound (composite) photographs wherein the best features of many faces are combined into one. A nation has a character, a presence, an influence that cannot be found in the individual members. It is said of savage tribes that when they are most peaceable as individuals, they are the most warlike as a tribe and vice versa. There are undoubtedly from time to time currents in humanaffairs, that spring from no one mans will, and that no one man can stem or change. There are natural unseen forces at work that we know not of. Men in their collective capacity will be seized with a spirit that may be entirely foreign to them as individuals. Large masses come under the influence of natural law, and the natural law of mankind is to evolution, to grow, to mount, to expand. A people like ours, therefore though blind, will in the long run and on a large scale, be guided instinctively in the right channels. The impetus, the momentum of the race, is onward and upward. Doubtless, re-action and decay will come in time, but with scienceand right reason, more and more in the lead, this tendency will be more and more counteracted. It was because of Carlyle's fearful bent or bias that he saw not these things. He had not a flexible mind. He saw certain truths with such force and he was precipitated [crossed out: himself] upon them with such vehemence that other truths, equally important, he saw not. If the majority is unsound; how are you to get sound action out of it? But is the majority unsound. If mankind, if the race is unsound, how are we here? Why have we not gone to the dogs long ago? Unsound on a question of philosophy, or of taste, or of literature, in fact, philosophically unsound or darkened, without doubt, but not morallyunsound, else chaos would have come long ago. Collectively sound in instinct, in tendency, in action but in the dark as touching the highest questions, but always able to see and to choose the light. Intellectually the majority is in the dark, or not in the fullest light, but Carlyle proceeds on the assumption that they are morally unsound. This is quite a different thing. Let a people like ours vote on a question of philosophy, or a principle of taste, or a question of mathematics or of jurisprudence, and I would not give much for the verdict. But on a question of primary mortality, or right and wrong as affects conduct, character etc., and who doubts that they would be right? The light comes to the minority first, to the high peaksbut it surely spreads to the majority. But character in the end counts for more than intellect and the character of a people is often the stay and salvation of their leaders. Indeed in our times of keen intellectuality and preponderance of mental acumen, there is more danger that the leaders will prove weak, or dishonest, than there is that the people will prove blind. The majority must afford the stay and ballast to the minority. The people are not politically unsound. Can there be the slightest doubt that a man of shining preeminence, would always command their suffrage? Our most generous, our best selves, always come to the front on such occasions, and any given number of [crossed out: people] persons are sure tovote above themselves, on the principle of emulation. It is doubtful if thieves and pickpockets would publicly vote for one of their own kind. In this country there is generally little choice between the two candidates, and the election hinges upon some mineor circumstance. Feb. 13 Start for Washington today. March 1 In W. since the 14th glad to be here again and see the old familiar places. But a pretty bad time so far; sickness a bad scare about Julian diphtheria in Aaron's family, cold winds etc. On Feb. 24 took a walk to the woods with Dr. Baker, Prof. Ward, and Mr. West, along Piney Branch and Rock Creek. Hepatica in bloom. skunk cabbage in bloom, frog spawn in the pools, a bright lovely day, ground frozen. My old haunts but little changed. A different sentiment in nature as you get reach the Potomac, more atmosphere, and more repose in things. A sentiment very agreeable to me. March 7 Home again today. 9 Ice storm breaking down all the trees; crash, crash on every hand. The devils own winter so far, one of the worst ever known; a winter that would have given some good hints to Dante to be worked up in his Inferno. 13 Spring tokens; chipmunks out; robins, bluebirds and cow buntings here; the nuthatches calling their old calls in the morning; chickadees piping their plaintive love notes; ground coming through the snow; a promise in the air. March 16 Sunday. The Biblical writings are the work of the oriental mind, of an imaginative poetical, exaggerative race, nomadic, wandering, uncivilized; and there can be no doubt but our practical, commercial, industrial, scientific, unpoetic Western races have made a fearful "mess" of them; have perverted and spoiled them utterly. Instead of ideal benefits, we have soughtpractical benefits in them we have materialized and vulgarized these beautiful legends and poems. We want to save our souls by them, not here and now, but by and by. Think of the "plan of salvation", "the scheme of redemption", "vicarious atonement", and so on, which we have framed out of the teachings of Jesus. Nothing in any heathen religion or fetich of a barbarous tribe, rotating callabash, or what not, can be more preposterous, or farther from his real meaning. We pursue the good of the Bible, mechanically, and selfishly. The universe is a kind of police-court where one may bribe the judge with fine words or get off with a fine which another shall pay, or where a good advocate is of first importance.Oh, my brothers and sisters, permit me to tell you, you are a set of asses. Your whole scheme of religion is base and selfish, and is as fictitious as the signs of the zodiac, or the constellations of the astronomers. The stars are there verily, but not the harps, and chairs, and bears, and dippers. The facts of truth and virtue and right conduct remain, too; they too are stars, but your silly schemes to get to heaven and cheat the devil, are inventions of your own cowardice. Be noble men and women, lead true and generous lives, and defy the universe to harm you. Jesus Christ is near, when you forget him and lead as original and fearless as life as he did, from within, not from without.March 22 Back from examining banks on Erie Road this morning at 8 A.M. A bright calm lovely spring day after three days of storm. The river like a great strip of the firmament dotted with stars and moons in the shape of fragments of ice, all but motionless at this moment of near slack water. How the birds call, the old calls, the immemorial calls of spring, sparrows, blue-birds, etc. The call of the nuthatch is one of the most pleasing and spring like of sounds, as is also the fine drawn "phoebe" of the chickadees, like a silk ribbon of a sound. The phoebe bird this morning down toward the ice house. How the bees hum, as in summer! 2 pm A little red butterfly goes dancing swiftly by. A little piper under the hill.- The speculative astronomers do not seem to consider that it is impossible for us to conceive of one planet falling upon another or of the planets falling into the sun. Up is from the earth, down is toward the Earth. Is not this equally true of any of the planets, or upon the sun? Then how can two planetary surfaces come together? Which up would negative the other up? The moon could not fall upon the earth as a meteor falls, or the earth upon the sun. Absolutely, is there any up or down?March 24 Damp still morning, fog on the river. All the [torn page] and twigs of the trees strung [with] drops of water. The grass and [torn page] beaded with fog drops. [Animated?] nature vocal - the distant cawing of crows and crowing of cocks, call of nuthatches and sound of hammers and trains, nearer, the laughter of robins, call of high-hole, and note of phoebe, [crossed out: near] close by the trill and quiver of song sparrows call of blue birds and gurgle of cow-bunting. Two lines of ducks go up the river, one [crossed out: in the air] a few feet beneath the other - on second glance the under line proves to be the shadow of the upper. As the ducks cross a large field of ice, the lower line is suddenly blotted out, as if it had dived beneath the ice. A train of carsacross the river - the train sunk beneath the solid stratum of fog, its plume of smoke and vapor unrolling above it, and slanting away in the distance. A liquid morning, the turf buzzes as you walk over it. Skunk-Cabbage on Saturday, the 22nd, probably in bloom several days this plant always gets ahead of me; it seems to come up like a mushroom in a single night. Water newts just out, and probably piping before the frogs, though not certain about this.March 25 One of the rare days that go before a storm - the flower of a series of days increasingly fair. Tomorrow probably the flower falls - and days of rain and cold prepare the way for another fair day or days. The barometer is probably high today - the birds fly high. I feed my bees on a rock and sit long and watch them covering the combs, and rejoice in their multitudinous humming. The river a great mirror, dotted here and there by small cakes of ice. The first sloop comes up on the tide, like the first butterfly of spring; the little steamer makes her first trip and awakes the echoes with her salutatory whistle, her flag dancingin the sun. Now along the marshes and bushy water courses the red shouldered black birds - starlings sit upon the tree and alder tops, uttering their liquid reedy notes, and awaiting the females. They are first upon the ground, but know their mates will follow and that the pic-nic cannot begin till they arrive. These birds are surely close akin to the bobolinks and cow-buntings. In uttering their notes they make the same movements, a sort of spasm, and their voices are of the same quality. Show less
January 11, 1920  Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I am going to see if I cannot type a letter without any mistakes even though I am going fast. I am getting entirely too careless. That is pretty good--only two mistakes. I am going over to Main to eat with Carolym Baily tonight. I mispelled her name, but that does not count. I suppose I will come back feeling dumb and dull, because she is so wonderful and I will naturally start "Woe is me"ing. I started my history topic... Show moreJanuary 11, 1920  Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I am going to see if I cannot type a letter without any mistakes even though I am going fast. I am getting entirely too careless. That is pretty good--only two mistakes. I am going over to Main to eat with Carolym Baily tonight. I mispelled her name, but that does not count. I suppose I will come back feeling dumb and dull, because she is so wonderful and I will naturally start "Woe is me"ing. I started my history topic yesterday. It is on the Philadelphia convention. It is not pregressing any too rapidly. I have a Spanish conference tomorrow morning. Otherwise there is nothing new, except that I got no mail today. Love, Fannie Show less
Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I wired you this morning as soon as I got back to college. I hope you received them promptly. Well, that was some rickety train. It was very dusty and warm until about ten at night and it rolled worse than any steamer I have ever been on. It the station in Buffalo, where we sojourned for about two hours, we were transferred from car to car about ten times--I mean our car was connected up with other cars--until I thought we would have our insides jolted out. I... Show moreDear Mother, Father, and Pete: I wired you this morning as soon as I got back to college. I hope you received them promptly. Well, that was some rickety train. It was very dusty and warm until about ten at night and it rolled worse than any steamer I have ever been on. It the station in Buffalo, where we sojourned for about two hours, we were transferred from car to car about ten times--I mean our car was connected up with other cars--until I thought we would have our insides jolted out. I did not sleep at all until toward morning, and then woke up suddenly at five minutes to six to discover that the porter had not called us. We were over a half hour late--we had exactly two minutes to make connections in Albany. The sandwiches came in handy. We had breakfast in the station. I had counted on sleeping all afternoon, for I surely need it, but just discovered that there is a debate practice tonight. They Lafyayette team has been picked. The speakers are Clara Cheney, Helen Gratz, and Marian Cahill. Clae Williams is first alternate, Mary Magennis and I are the other two. I am quite satisfied with myself, to say the least. Frances Kellogg and Margaret Ray of the former speaking teams, were apparently dropped completely. Clara Cheney will probably not be able to debate. You remember she was called home the night she came back from Wellesly because of her mother's illness. I just heard that she died last Monday. I hope you realize that I am one of the six out of the twelve. It is an honor, etc. but I guess it means no rest or make-up work for another little while. Love, Fannie April 6, 1921 Show less
Jan. 10 Dear Mother + Father, I am writing this while waiting at the station for the train. I worked my fool head off yesterday aft. after my head was washed, I went to the [libe] to study. Lucy came to study next to me. Talking in the [libe] should be prohibited. She had a letter from Howard Spellman. You know what I told you, Mother. I bet she'll have him up for Junior prom. Last night I went to the [audulip] lecture, purely as a matter of education. I want you to know that I am trying... Show moreJan. 10 Dear Mother + Father, I am writing this while waiting at the station for the train. I worked my fool head off yesterday aft. after my head was washed, I went to the [libe] to study. Lucy came to study next to me. Talking in the [libe] should be prohibited. She had a letter from Howard Spellman. You know what I told you, Mother. I bet she'll have him up for Junior prom. Last night I went to the [audulip] lecture, purely as a matter of education. I want you to know that I am trying to educate myself, but I must confess I did not digest all of it - particularly the figures. I worked when I came back till ten. The floor quieted down at eleven. It is really getting to be worse than a nuisance. I then went to sleep, and slept [until] almost dining-room closing time. I then packed my little brown bag, in case I should have to stay over night - and here I am. Miss Smith did not say whether these were to count as week-ends, but I shall not [ask] until next week. This is the 3rd. for this semester after exams can count on [either]. Your card + Phyllis' note came this morning. She must have forgotten to mail it; it was mostmarked the 6th. Don't send any food. I still have [zurichack] and can easily get more. I don't remember any other questions.<She> Lucy told me that any weekend after exams that she goes down she will be very glad to do everything with + for me that she can. There must be ice today. It is colder and the snow is white. [The] fir trees (is that what they are?) are weighted down with snow + ice + they are beautiful. Love, Fannie Have we Josiah Roce' essay on "[Provincialism] by any chance? It is short, so it is not worth ordering from N.Y. we [would]be there with it by then. Show less
February 9, 1920. Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: The one nice thing about the washout north of you, Mother, is that I got four letters from you this morning. I gave the maid her Christmas present after I came back, Mother, and the janitor has never been around that I have noticed--besides which, there is no occasion for that. I do not need a check yet. I have over a hundred dollars left, but don't you have to pay the second semester bill? I did not send the books, Pete, because I did... Show moreFebruary 9, 1920. Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: The one nice thing about the washout north of you, Mother, is that I got four letters from you this morning. I gave the maid her Christmas present after I came back, Mother, and the janitor has never been around that I have noticed--besides which, there is no occasion for that. I do not need a check yet. I have over a hundred dollars left, but don't you have to pay the second semester bill? I did not send the books, Pete, because I did not think it safe to send them in a smashed case. I'll send them Wednesday. It will be time enough for the bulfinch to send it with the laundry. I was fully intending to go to town to buy a telescope Saturday when I met Lucy and she volunteered to have her Mother have their store send me one like hers--she has used hers for several years and it has not broken. It will be sent to the house. The ones Luckey's have are not a bit solid. It ought to be there in time for the next laundry. I finally found Miss Bourne at home last night, and she certainly was nice to me. She said that she had not realized that I wanted to change so thatI would not be so rushed up here the end of the week, that certainly it was a shame to have to miss all the college activities up here, etc., that it was not so very important whether or not I take prose, inasmuch as I have a solid foundation anyhow, and I should come in the morning class. She will give me the prose sentences when the other class have them, and if I have time and feel like doing them she will correct them, but I must not let myself do too much work. She said that she could tell from the little she knew of me that "I was inclined to take life rather seriously" anyway. So she was rubbed the right way. I am glad I changed both for the hour and for the fact that I think any additional prose is useless. She said she had hoped that I would continue Latin next year, that I gave a promise of doing very clear-headed and logical work, in advanced prose, for instance. I am not heading for a job as a high school Latin teacher, but I politely told her that I did not see my way clear to it, that there was so much to take, and that I did want to get Greek in. She was nice as it lies in her power to be. I recited with the morning section this morning. They are quite stupid. Miss Kitchel did not appear this morning and after thee minutes from the time of the bell had passes, the class left. Have you and such regulation that you have to wait for five minutes for a prof, four for an assistant prof, and three for an instructor, and then if he she or it does not appear, you get a cut. I am still quite messed up in this system of having no textbooks in solid geometry.Champy discussed marks with us this morning. She informed us that my B was a very, very, high B, in fact almost an A. Bless her fool heart, what good does she thinks it did the class to hear that. She stopped me on my way out of class to tell me how long she had hesitated before giving me a B instead of an A. She said she was about to give me an A when she was told that an A had to mean almost perfect, and then she decided that inasmuch as this was her first year here she had better not give an A, but if she had been giving A's, I certainly would have received one, and she did hope I would get one this semester. Poor fool! I believe in the closed mark system. What did you say, Mother? I spent about an hour and a half last night practicing the tryout parts for "the fellow who blacks the bootlack's boots". That is about how important I will be if I make the part. Helen Reid is trying for the Duke. I do hope she makes it. She had the main part in three plays at Packer last year. I worked for over an hour on Ruth Franklin's stuff last night. I have to finish it up today. I called on Bess yesterday. A Pittsburgh girl, and advisee of hers from last year, Janet Trimball, brought her mother, and we had to suffer over her tea-cups again. This old lady started hopping off on the question of teachers' salaries. She did think that some of the millionaires in Pittsburgh ought to pitch in and help those poor people out. She was very amusing. And then when she started off on what a shame it is that some women are so fat I began to think of your yarns about kidding Mrs. Cowley and I was glad that I had a tea-cup to keep my facial expression busy with. It is much warmer now, but the crust of the snow is still so solid that it holds even my weight without caving in. The paths on the walk are very narrow, and we have to trail to classes single file. Love, [Fannie] Did Harold ever make those pictures for me? There are three girls left in Phyllis' off-campus house. She is not so crazy about it anymore. Show less
Arnzen, Laura Earl, Slade, Caroline, Slade, Abigail L.
VC Spec 1865-1866
October 7, 1865
Vassar College. Poughkeepsle Oct 7/65 Dear Carrie & Abbie. I write according to my promise to tell where you must direct my letters and do write me soon I have not had any letter from home yet and I look forward to one eagerly although I know it will make me cry and I have not done that yet. It is raining hard tonight; the wind has that moaning wail peculiar to fall and I feel a little blue but I have got real well acquainted with eight or nine very pleasant young ladies that I like ever... Show moreVassar College. Poughkeepsle Oct 7/65 Dear Carrie & Abbie. I write according to my promise to tell where you must direct my letters and do write me soon I have not had any letter from home yet and I look forward to one eagerly although I know it will make me cry and I have not done that yet. It is raining hard tonight; the wind has that moaning wail peculiar to fall and I feel a little blue but I have got real well acquainted with eight or nine very pleasant young ladies that I like ever so much. Three of them are cousins to each other and all are neices of the founder Matthew Vassar. There are over three hundred In the school* they are from all parts of the country* some even from California & Bermuda. I think I shall like most of them very much indeed. The buildings and grounds are beautiful and in the most perfect order. Water is carried through the building we have gas in our rooms, our fare is very good and very plenty. We sit at table one half hour at breakfast and tea and an hour at dinner and as there are only twelve at each table and we have a servant to every table and are permitted to help ourselves to any thing within our reach we are far from suffering. We stuff our pockets too. We have real nice bread and I never ate nicer butter in my life and besides we have Just as much fresh sweet milk as we want to dring. There are a dozen cows belonging to the College but besides that they have 300 quarts of milk brought In every day. For breakfast today we Oct. 7» 1865 -2 had a beefsteak roasted and fried potatoes, corncake k coffee. For dinner we had veal pie, roast beef potatoes tomatoes pickles for dessert custard pie and those who desire have tea. For supper brown bread white bread crackers prunes and halibut and tea. I have a delightful room which I share with an old pokey called Helen Honors Tones who I cordially detest* I don't want to give up the room for it is so very pleasant so I'll just exert myself to make the atmosphere of It too hot for her If she don't behave herself better. I for one don't see any use in people's making themselves disagreeable so eagerly especially when they would be so when doing the best they can. The classes are not fully organised yet for all the scholars have not arrived and we have the gayest times playing croquet, walking k robbing orchards. Oh I do so wish you would decide to come back with me Christmas if only to stay till June. I know you would like It very much. Art There is a splendld^Gallery containing over three hundred beautiful pic- tures, one of the finest Mineral Cabinets in the United States and a splendid library with more books of engravings than you could look through In the six months. And finally It Is all perfectly splendid k I like ever so much. And oh If you could only stand a moment at my window and see the view you would exclaim with me "It Is perfect. I can see the Catskill mounts* the houses and spires of Poughkeespie the college is about a mile and a half out of the city and with the woods which are now just beginning to be variegated with scarlet and gold It Is perfection itself. But I'll tell you more next time X Oct, 7, 1865 - 3 write. Do please answer soon* you can't imagine how nice a letter would seem and how gladly received by your distant but loving friend Laura Do write soon iLaura Earl Arnzen* spec, »65-66,P#S, Please address Laura E. Arnzen, Vassar Female College Poughkeepsie N.Y. To Caroline E. and Abigail L. Slade, both spec. '65-66. Show less
[15 May 1923] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: Got an invitation for Louise's wedding today. If I wanted to be there, I could, but I certainly don't care about it. The worst has happened. The Tolerance exam is in the form of a prepared topic! I shall be in seclusion from now on. "Antigone" was splendid last night, although I think both Edith Wynne Matthison and Charles Rann Kennedy star at over-acting. The chorus was splendid. I never answered about Marse's golf. I... Show more[15 May 1923] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: Got an invitation for Louise's wedding today. If I wanted to be there, I could, but I certainly don't care about it. The worst has happened. The Tolerance exam is in the form of a prepared topic! I shall be in seclusion from now on. "Antigone" was splendid last night, although I think both Edith Wynne Matthison and Charles Rann Kennedy star at over-acting. The chorus was splendid. I never answered about Marse's golf. I should certainly think he could play by paying green-fees, and if he can't, he will be here only from Saturday to Tuesday, and I should think he could live through it. Bish and I walked out to the cider mill yesterday afternoon and home over stone fences and through the farm. It is so beautiful that it makes me furious to have to work. I shall certainly do my darndest to finish that sem topic before exams, so that I can play for a week before Commencement. Commencement is from Saturday to Tuesday, June 12th. Pete. I mention only one date in order not to make a mistake! Show less
The Landauer Longfellow Collection consists of approximately 300 pieces of sheet music and some bound volumes (totaling more than 6500 pages) featuring the poetry of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The items were published in the United States and Europe primarily throughout the nineteenth and early twetieth centuries. The collection is notable for its multiple iterations of the same poem, allowing comparisons between composers, arrangers, etc., as well as its large collections of covers, providi... Show moreThe Landauer Longfellow Collection consists of approximately 300 pieces of sheet music and some bound volumes (totaling more than 6500 pages) featuring the poetry of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The items were published in the United States and Europe primarily throughout the nineteenth and early twetieth centuries. The collection is notable for its multiple iterations of the same poem, allowing comparisons between composers, arrangers, etc., as well as its large collections of covers, providing additional analyses of illustrators and publishers.
Brown and Flewelling Photographers (Poughkeepsie, N.Y.)
Three-quarter length picture of Matthew Vassar as an elderly man wearing glasses, black tie, white shirt and black suit. He is seated in an arm chair with long fringe, resting his right hand on his thigh and his left arm on the chair.
Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I just came back from the song contest--I suppose I'll be sorry tomorrow that I went, but it is such a glorious day and the holiday spirit is in the air, and I went--that is my only excuse. It certainly was great. Each class grouped on the steps of Studentss and sang their songs. Every class sang the Alma Mater, their favorite college songs, and for the third song an original song. The senior song was very serious, ours and the junior one were funny. The... Show moreDear Mother, Father, and Pete: I just came back from the song contest--I suppose I'll be sorry tomorrow that I went, but it is such a glorious day and the holiday spirit is in the air, and I went--that is my only excuse. It certainly was great. Each class grouped on the steps of Studentss and sang their songs. Every class sang the Alma Mater, their favorite college songs, and for the third song an original song. The senior song was very serious, ours and the junior one were funny. The seniors were awarded the banner, and the juniors the cup. Then there was much cheering, and some more singing. Then the whole college went to the Juniors' tree, and cheered some more. It is remarkable the fun you get out of exercising your lungs. The ball-game is at two this afternoon. I'll go early so as to get a sear. I did not know till yesterday that the men of the faculty play. It must be a circus. Mr. Jackson was here last night, and Helen asked me to come to their party at the Inn, as I believe I wrote yesterday. But the weather was bad, and I felt accordingly, so I was afraid to risk it. I hope Helen was not sore. I am sure I have written at least twice that the date of Third Hall is Saturday, May eighth. The Phil prize plays are tomorrow night. Mother, was the big fiftieth anniversary celebration on Founder's Day? I was wishing you were here today. I do hope you come next week. I have been looking forward to it, anyhow. And still I live at Metcalf. I wish this fool thing would get better soon. I suppose I won't be able to enjoy your Commencemtn[sic] either. Love [F] May 1. Show less
[Addressed to Hotel Traymore 12 Apr 1923] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I was glad to talk to you last night, Father, but you certainly did have on your polite, smooth, and agreeable tone. What was up? As the plans now stand, i leave on the 5:08 tomorrow, and meet the others to take the eight oclock to Philadelphia, stay with Florence Clothier, one of the debaters. Had a special from M. W. today. She will call for me Sunday morning. I suppose I can come back with some of the others, Mother,... Show more[Addressed to Hotel Traymore 12 Apr 1923] Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: I was glad to talk to you last night, Father, but you certainly did have on your polite, smooth, and agreeable tone. What was up? As the plans now stand, i leave on the 5:08 tomorrow, and meet the others to take the eight oclock to Philadelphia, stay with Florence Clothier, one of the debaters. Had a special from M. W. today. She will call for me Sunday morning. I suppose I can come back with some of the others, Mother, but I would just as soon not, as I am taking along some plays to read on the train. It would be foolish to stay here over the week-end, as I have worked like a dog all week. and would have to let up here, even if I staid. I shall read these plays on the train, so very little time will be lost. We had a fire-drill last night, late. In consequence I'm sore at the world today. Spent the entire morning, four hours, reading debate. The more I read the more strongly I become convinced that prohibition is a good thing. Most of the material repeats everything else, so I think I have done most of the necessary reading now. Love, Fannie Please return enclosed letter, Pete. Show less
October 16, 1922 Dear Mother, Father, and Pete: There aint nothin new today neither, except that I have a headache. I always get one when we have a written, as I did in Ec just now. It certainly was dumb. I was indignant at being thus bored for fifty minutes. Lucy has not yet wired what time she will arrive, in spite of the fact that she said on the phone yesterday morning that she would look up the trains and wire me immediately. I get in a pretty good day's work yesterday. Love, Fannie