Vassar College Digital Library

Raymond, Cornelia M. Diary, 1900

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Short entries in a page a day format. Raymond discusses her experiences teaching in Springfield, mentioning the school's commencement (Jun 27) and her concerns for the examination results among her pupils and social circle. Raymond details her involvement in religious and social activism, which affects her friendships with Harold and Reeve and her interactions at the temperance mission with Joe, Smith, Julia, and Stowe. She mentions visiting prominent members of the Salvation Army, talking with people from a variety of countries and faiths, attending missionary lectures, hearing a talk by Jane Addams (Mar 8), and contemplating sermons (especially those by the pastor [Phillip Stafford] Moxom). Aiding her activities, Raymond describes learning to ride a bicycle, making her first solo ride on July 14. Raymond refers to visiting Northampton, MA with the [Smith College] Professor [Casimir M.] Podgorski. Raymond mentions attending [Vassar] College Club meetings. She describes the Vassar Alumnae Banquet, Class Day, Promenade, and Presidential Reception (Jun 12) before Commencement (Jun 13). Historical events reported by Raymond include the death of Rear Admiral [John W] Philip (Jun 30); the deadly fire at Hobok[e]n Dock, [NJ] (Jun 30); [false] reports of the execution of all foreigners in Beijing (Jul 4); and President McKinley's defeat of his opponent [William Jennings] Bryan by a "large electoral vote" (Nov 6).

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Finding aid:
vassar:2789,Box 126
1 item
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: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900002
Xmas gifts given

Mother - Rev. of R. 2.25
Work basket 1.10
Minnie - Wast basket 1.39
Harold - "Fishermans Luck" 1.45
Ruth Ray - Work basket .75
Ralph - Gloves 1/2 .93
Bertha - "Newcomer" 1.24
Minfred - Table cloth 2.75
Ruth - Gold thimble 1/2 1.06
Frank - Brush .79
Harvey - Shakespeare" 2 vol. 1.00
Ray Lloyd - Outlook 1/2 1.25
Phoebe - Umbrella 1/2 .49
Mrs. Porter - Embr. 2.00
Edward - Game .20
Miss Porter - Emb. 2.00
Lena Bostwick - "Eliz"& Gem gad.1.35
Marin - Dr. Ling's book .57
Mrs. Gruyer - Thackeray .90
Mrs. Packard - Emb. 1.50
4 servants 1.25
John - neck tie .25
Mrs. Bartlett - Handk. .25


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900003

Mrs. Griffin - Handk. .25
Esther - Picture .25
Stella Heath - Pict. .15
Rob Bliss - Picture .25
Todd baby - Book .19
Cousin L. & Jess. - Money2.50
Miss Porter - vase
Mrs. McGregory - Handk. .25
Postman .25


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900004
Gifts rec'd
Mother - Down quilt.
" - Bedroom slippers.
" - Box woven names.
Minnie - Diary
Harold Bohemian - glass vase
Marguerite - Silver handled Clothes brush.
Bertha - Silver pencil holder.
Will "Alexander the Gt"
Winifred - 2 collar bands.
Ruth - Hat pin, old coin
Frank - Hat pin, old coin
Harvey - Picture in [gold] frame
Miss Porter - Hand bag
Mrs. Porter - Writing tablet
Edw. Porter - Lace tie
Lena Bostwick - Thackeray
Marion Maltice - "
Mrs. Packard & Webb - "
Eliz. Gruyer - "
16 "Elvis" girls 4 "
Carrie King - Calendar
Ethel Van Edusen - "
Stella Heath - Lace collar band
Rob Bliss - "Little Flowers of St. Frances"
MRs. Griffin - Pincushion [Col bank].
Esther Patchen - [Rubaiyat]
Mrs. Collins - Ivory paper cutter


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900037
Wea. MON. JAN. 1, 1900 Ther.

Harvey Dobson came to dinner. In the evening we had a New Years frolic. The Sharpes, Laura Breeze, Frank Davis, Kittie Elliot, Louise Cadmus, etc. Made fudge. Chicken fight etc.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900038
Wea. TUES. JAN. 2, 1900 Ther.

Mrs. McLean came to [sew]. Winifred, Ruth, & I took supper with Warren Francis' family & he brought us home.

Ruth is sleeping with Mother & me.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900039
Wea. WED. JAN. 3, 1900 Ther.

Mrs. McLean came to sew. Belle Hart Hinman came to luncheon, arriving about 9. In the night, Harold came home. He wanted me with him & I cared for him. At night he waked me up coming down stairs. I went for Frank at 12, but couldn't get him. At last I quieted him & till two we were together in the parlor.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900040
Wea. THUR. JAN. 4, 1900 Ther.

Harvey came to dinner. Will, Ruth, Winifred & I went to Marg. Cornings. Will wore high hat. Harold wants me with him all the time. He acknowledges that he is at war with God.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900041
Wea. FRI. JAN. 5, 1900 Ther.

Mother, Cousin Sallie, Susy, Lillie, Miss Powers & I took lunch with Lillie Healy. Susie called here twice & Lily once. This evening I remained home from prayer-meeting. Harold talked to mother & me, made a great confession. Finally prayed "O God, keep me today, tomorrow, it will be a battle". He met Minnie & the children with the news.

Fred Reeve writes that he is to have an operation on his hand & that he has broken off with his girl.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900042
Wea. SAT. JAN. 6, 1900 Ther.

This morning Harold told Agnes. We had prayers. Minnie read Rom. 8 & made a wonderful prayer. Susy Raymond & I went over to the N.Y. Alumnae meeting. This evening I called on Mr. Dixon & told him of Harold. Mother, Harold, & I prayed together. Harold has written to his wife.

Mrs. William sewed here today.

We fear Frank has diptheria.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900043
Wea. SUN. JAN. 7, 1900 Ther.

Wonderful day! Harold took communion. Fred Reeve came to dinner. He may have to lose his finger. He has broken off with the girl. Harvey was at dinner. Frank has only tonsilitis. I took his class.

Tonight Harold on Mr. Dixon's invitation went forward to the pulpit as an act of Consecration.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900044
Wea. MON. JAN. 8, 1900 Ther.

Harold has written to Ruth that we are praying for her. He & I walked down town to buy ticket & see about Mother's placque.

I wrote Cousin Lizzie. James & Ruth Porter have a daughter.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900045
Wea. TUES. JAN. 9, 1900 Ther.

I came away this A.M. on 12 oclock train. Harold brought me over & we were so happy together. I came with Wend. Maxwell, Eliz. Sherwood, Helen Keeper.

Feel lonely tonight. Ruth [is] sick.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900046
Wea. WED. JAN. 10, 1900 Ther.

Began school.

Mip King 14.

Called on Joe & told him of Harold. Gave Mr. Schenck Father's Life.

Called on Underhill's. Aline has typhoid.

Edana & Florence returned.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900047
Wea. THUR. JAN. 11, 1900 Ther.

Beatiful letter from Harold. Told about him in prayer-meeting.

Mip Hitchock 7.
Mr. Story 26.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900048
Wea. FRI. JAN. 12, 1900 Ther.

Harold writes about "breaking it to boys".

Entertained girls by illustrating songs in brown paper. Miss Ayres has disappeared.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900049
Wea. SAT. JAN. 13, 1900 Ther.

Sleigh rides. Called on Mrs. Hubbell.

Harold sends Joe 1.00. [Lill] [a...] talks with boys.

Annie Bosworth & Dr. Greene engaged.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900050
Wea. SUN. JAN. 14, 1900 Ther.

Dr. Moxom Mark 3:2. "Criticism & Religious Sensibility" [Nor] Higher Criticism. He spoke of the ripples of controversy, meaning Mr. Hahn.

Grand sermon.

I have written to Harold, Ruth, Joe Howard, Dr. Nixon, Mr. Dixon & Cousin Lizzie.

Talked with Mrs. Webb about next year & Harold. My 1st meeting in Joe's new quarters. Some members led.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900051
Wea. MON. JAN. 15, 1900 Ther.

Lovely letter from Harold.

Mrs. Carmichael brought Mrs. Hubbell to the Outlook class.

Miss Porter has strained, or sprained, her ankle.

Mr. Story 27.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900052
Wea. TUES. JAN. 16, 1900 Ther.

Outlook class.

Prof. Podgorski 9. He wants me to go to a concert Feb. 1st (Thursday!)

Letters from Jessica, Esther, & Dr. Moxom.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900053
Wea. WED. JAN. 17, 1900 Ther.

Miss King. 15.

I went to [Breeves] music store, Johnsons, College Club (Ex Pres. Mead of Holyoke) & library.

Eve. Concert in High School. Miss Stein, Leo Schutz - cello, Miss Regall accompanist.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900054
Wea. THUR. JAN. 18, 1900 Ther.

Mip Hitchcock. 8.
Mr. Story. 28.

Union prayer-meeting. Mr. Hubbell was there. I spoke again of Harold.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900055
Wea. FRI. JAN. 19, 1900 Ther.

Letter from Harold & from Ruth. I don't know what to think of her letter.

This eve. we played consequences.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900056
Wea. Rain. SAT. JAN. 20, 1900 Ther.

Read a great deal of Vanity Fair.

I called on Mrs. Reed & Mrs. Underhill. Gladys has [full] depression but is better. Aline is sitting up.

Worked successfully in lab with Wolff's [f...]. Read all the eve.

Marguerite Corning has told Mother a secret.

Mr. Quick sends his 2nd 1.00 for Joe.

My new umbrella won't stay open.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900057
Wea. SUN. JAN. 21, 1900 Ther.

Talk by a representative of [...] Church Building Society, Mr. Hood. About 30 at Joe's. I talked about slavery & Harold. Joe showed me H's letter. Mr. Chapin a conductor (?) gave ma a dollar. The young man who was so distressed in Volunteers 2 yrs. ago seemed much affected but wouldn't yield.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900058
Wea. MON. JAN. 22, 1900 Ther.

Mr. Story (29).

Agnes writes of Harold's experience in prayer-meeting.

Worked in labratory & got all choked.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900059
Wea. TUES. JAN. 23, 1900 Ther.

Prof. Podgorski 10.

Letter from Mother inclosing beautiful one from Ruth to Harold. She says "I am very glad to know so much of your new found happiness & I will add my prayers to the others." "Wishing you god speed in your new life".

Elizabeth Gruyer, Josie [Barllett] & I went to Prof. Tyler's lecture: The Teacher's Problems.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900060
Wea. WED. JAN. 24, 1900 Ther.

Mip King 16.

Letter from Harold about Dr. Broughton's fanaticism & the theatre. He doesn't disapprove of moral plays. Dr. Broughton does.

Called on the Sweets, Mrs. [Townsley] (out). Joe & he is distressed about women collecting 2 cts here & 2 cts there. Went to Celia's & took tea with her & Cousin Helen. Went with her to the Griffins.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900061
wea. THER. JAN. 25, 1900 Ther.

Mr. Story. 30.
Mip Hitchcock. 9.

Mother sends a lovely letter from Mrs. Hudson.

At prayer-meeting, Capt. Cummings spoke & 3 of his men. One seemed very refined.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900062
Wea. Cold FRI. JAN. 26, 1900 Ther.

Joe is flooding the lawn.

I read aloud "To Have & to Hold" & Miss P. read Cromwell's Own.

Lena has taken Marin down to Dr. Collins.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900063
Wea. SAT. JAN. 27, 1900 Ther.

I read for Outlook all day.

Lena brought Marin home.

This evening I sewed hooks & eyes on dresses.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900064
Wea. SUN. JAN. 28, 1900 Ther.

Went to Epis. Church. Mr. Brooks "The glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ".

Took Gertrude Knowlton down to see her Mother. Marg. Carter went with them to supper.

More than 30 at the Mission.[Langell] was there.

Called on Capt. Rock. Last night Smith was there drunk & talked about me.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900065
Wea. MON. JAN. 29, 1900 Ther.

Letter from Minnie, Harold & Mother. I took Edana down to dentists. Finished Vanity Fair.

Leslie Chapin [ran] pencil into her hand.

Mr. Story 31.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900066
Wea. TUES. JAN. 30, 1900 Ther.

Prof. Podgorski 11. He invites me to a Wagner concert at Northampton on Feb. 14.

Harold is worried about Joe's [starving]. He sends newspaper accounts of [fight] Dr. Boughton & Plymouth Ch.

Discussed Vanity Fair in Outlook.

Took Florence Barker down town.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900067
Wea. WED. JAN. 31, 1900 Ther.

Miss King 17

I took Edana to the dentists & Dr. [Hurlbut] game me $1.00 for Joe. Emily Carrigan took dinner with me & we went to Volunteers. Small meeting. I heard of Mr. Doolittle's gossipy remarks.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900068
Wea. THUR. FEB. 1, 1900 Ther.

Much surprised by a call from Foreman Arlee.

Mad. Maxwell & I went down to P.O.

At prayer-meeting, I talked to Mr. Hahn about A.C. Dixon & Dr. Broughton.

I wrote to H.

Mr. Story 32.
Miss Hitchock. 10.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900069
Wea. FRI. FEB. 2, 1900 Ther.

Mother writes that Harold, Frank & Minnie are studying the S.S. lesson. Girls bought sleds and lost one.

Evening. Ther girls made candy.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900070
Wea. SAT. FEB. 3, 1900 Ther.

I went down town with Marg. Carter & Mary Cutler in the A.M.

P.M. Gave music lesson to Edward. Took Edana Collins to dentist. From there we saw Mr. Bryan. Gave music lessons to Florence Barker & Helen Keeper.

Took supper with Capt. Carrigan, Rick & Leonard. Went to Joe's & led a meeting. Went back to Volunteers & found them serving coffee.

94 - 94


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900071
Wea. SUN. FEB. 4, 1900 Ther.

A.M. Ida Cox and I went to Communion.

Mr. Hahn 1 Juo. 3:3.

Letter from Harold about his speaking in the Greene Av. Church. 4 converts. At mission I talked about the [tongue]. [Jame] 3:5-18. A man is there under deep conviction. He can't believe God will save such a sinner.

1.00 Tap.
1.40 Coll.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900072
Wea. MON. FEB. 5, 1900 Ther.

I felt blue because Mother wrote that H. was down on my letters. Letter of apology from Smith.

Went to Mr. Hubbells Recognition Services. Mr. Baldwin spoke & Dr. Judson expounded Sermon on the [...].

Mr. Story 33.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900073
Wea. TUES. FEB. 6, 1900 Ther.

Letter from Reeve. His parents are converted.

Worked on reports.

Prof. Podgorski 12.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900074
Wea. WED. FEB. 7, 1900 Ther.

We went to Mrs. Rice's reception.

Worked on reports.

Mrs. Barker came.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900075
Wea. THUR. FEB. 8, 1900 Ther.

Closing day. Lovely letter from Harold. Staid home from prayer-meeting to work on reports. Eliz. went to rehearsal.

Mr. Story 34.
Miss King 18.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900076
Wea. FRI. FEB. 9, 1900 Ther.

Girls gave their charity ball.

Began new term.

Marin had sick time.

Mrs. Barker left.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900077
Wea. SAT. FEB. 10, 1900 Ther.

Marin sick. I read to her some. Went down town. Talked Joe's Mission with Mr. Schenck. Eliz. went to rehearsal.

Saw Harold's speech in [Tuesday's] [Sun].


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900078
Wea. SUN. FEB. 11, 1900 Ther.

[Dr.] [...] this A.M. Dr. Sweet had operation for apendicitis.

Marin has been sick all day.

Only 9 at Mission. 2 young men sang.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900079
Wea. MON. FEB. 12, 1900 Ther.

Prof. Story 35.

Rainy day. Marin still ill with gastritis. Outlook.

5 of us went to Leonard Jackson's violin recital.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900080
Wea. TUES. FEB. 13, 1900 Ther.

Outlook class.

Miss P. went to Mrs. P's whist club.

Mother has lost her $1000 [f...] money & Louie Juo. & Frank Sharpe have [lent].

Prof. Podgorski 13.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900081
Wea. WED. FEB. 14, 1900 Ther.

Miss King 19.

Took Edana to dentists.

Took the 5 oclock train for Northampton. Prof. Podgorski met me. [We] drove to his room. I met his Polish club. I ate supper. Went to Wagner concert. Came home & ate Frankfort. He put on my rubbers. Mr. Allen & I came to S. on 11 oclock train. I told him about Harold.

Prof. gave me Mr. Allens letters & purse given him by Madam Paderenski.

4 [Green]
[Eng Hut.]


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900082
Wea. THUR. FEB. 15, 1900 Ther.

Missionarie ladies led prayer meeting.

Mr. Story 36.
Miss Hitchcock 11.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900083
Wea. FRI. FEB. 16, 1900 Ther.

Went to college club business meeting.
Girls had valentine auction.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900084
Wea. SAT. FEB. 17, 1900 Ther.

Read Outlook & all N. America & studied. Sort of blizzard tonight.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900085
Wea. SUN. FEB. 18, 1900 Ther.

A.M. Dr. Mrs. B. Long. Saving the Lost. Luke 19:10.

At Mission found a piano had been sent in. Joe got mad & said I need never collect money for him. Heard Dr. Lucy at Vespers on The Beast & the [Lord].

Before & after church read Princess & Goblin to Marin.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900086
Wea. MON. FEB. 19, 1900 Ther.

Mr. Story 37.

I went to library. Mother sent Harold's letter to Eagle about Mrs. Booth.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900087
Wea. TUES. FEB. 20, 1900 Ther.

We went to The Golden Wedding given by Hampton students.

Prof. Podgorski 14.
Miss King 20.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900088
Wea. WED. FEB. 21, 1900 Ther.

Went in special car to Casino to the College Club play "The Ghost of a Chance" followed by spread, fudge, olives, crackers.

Found letter from H. about his visit with Ruth.

Leila Diane [Lefevre] is dead.

Call from Mrs. Hubbell.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900089
Wea. THUR. FEB. 22, 1900 Ther.

At prayer-meeting, I told about Ruth.

Mip Hitchcock 12.
Mr. Story 38.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900090
Wea. FRI. FEB. 23, 1900 Ther.

I went down town shopping. Evening we had our Washington party. Gertrude [Knowlton] & Eliz. Clark were Gen. & Lady W.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900091
Wea. SAT. FEB. 24, 1900 Ther.

A.M. Girls had photos taken. I went down town. Mr. Dixon is giving candy to any child who cuts his "advertisement from News".

Read "Monkey who wouldn't kill" to Marin & Eleanor. Gave two music lessons.

Eve. Read. Studied. Went to [Rep...] office for Miss Porter.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900092
Wea. SUN. FEB. 25, 1900 Ther.

A.M. Mr. Day preached on Isa.

I came home & slept.

P.M. Miss P. & Gruyer took girls to hear Hampton students. Good meeting at mission. 2 men recently converted were there. I talked on raising of widow's son. Drank cup of tea.

Called on Miss Emerson & told her of Harold.

Evening. Miss Porter read "In the Golden Days". We did not go out or sing. I read Tramping with Tramp.

Wrote Mrs. Booth & Harold.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900093
Wea. MON. FEB. 26, 1900 Ther.

Bitter cold. Outlook class. I got mad at table because they laughed at baptism.

Mr. Story 39.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900094
Wea. TUES. FEB. 27, 1900 Ther.

Outlook class. We discussed "Tramping with Tramp".

I did not go to Mip Harris' tea.

Prof. Podgorski 15.

Congregational Club tonight.

Rec'd Harold photo.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900095
Wea. WED. FEB. 28, 1900 Ther.

I went shopping & to call on the Driscolls. Learned from Mr. Lee of Dugan's being tortured to death by insurgents when he lagged back for drink.

They had an awful meeting last night. Mr. hahn was not nice or Dr. Frank. Dr. Moxom couldn't reach them.

This evening I staid with Edw. while Mr. & Mrs. Porter went to concert. Later Mr. & Mrs. Ahern came in & I ate cake with them.

Rec'd Ruth Raymond's photo.

Miss King 21.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900096
Wea. Pouring rain. THUR. MARCH 1, 1900 Ther.

I did not go to meeting tonight & did not feel like seeing Mr. Hahn.

Mr. Story 40.
Mip Hitchcock 13.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900097
Wea. FRI. MARCH 2, 1900 Ther.

Lovely letter from Harold about Dugan.

Played tonight for the girls.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900098
Wea. SAT. MARCH 3, 1900 Ther.

Studied & read.

Frances Booth's brother is here.

I read aloud to Miss Gruyer.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900099
Wea. SUN. MARCH 4, 1900 Ther.

A.M. Sermon on Truth by Dr. Moxom. II Cor. 13:9. I went there instead of to Bapt. Com. Wrote him afterward a letter which Eliz. showed Miss Porter. At Joe's there were but 12 because Admiral Philip was at City Hall, but [sweet] meeting. Old man there & cried because his wife died 5 mos. ago. The [Mericks] occupied much time.

Wrote to Harold & Fred Reeve.


: VCLDiariesRaymondCorneliaM1900100
Wea. MON. MARCH 5, 1900 Ther.

Went to library today. Nice letter from Harold. He is happy about Aiken but blue about his own sins.

Eliza Buffington has measles.

Mr. Story 41.